<!DOCTYPE html><HTML lang="en"> <head><meta charset="utf-8"> <title>Swinburne (Richard) - From Mental/Physical Identity to Substance Dualism (Theo Todman's Book Collection - Paper Abstracts) </title> <link href="../../TheosStyle.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"><link rel="shortcut icon" href="../../TT_ICO.png" /></head> <BODY> <CENTER> <div id="header"><HR><h1>Theo Todman's Web Page - Paper Abstracts</h1><HR></div><A name="Top"></A> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_14/PaperSummary_14531.htm">From Mental/Physical Identity to Substance Dualism</A></th></tr> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../Authors/S/Author_Swinburne (Richard).htm">Swinburne (Richard)</a></th></tr> <tr><th>Source: Van Inwagen (Peter) & Zimmerman (Dean) - Persons: Human and Divine</th></tr> <tr><th>Paper - Abstract</th></tr> </TABLE> </CENTER> <P><CENTER><TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=800><tr><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_14/PaperSummary_14531.htm">Paper Summary</A></td><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_14/PaperCitings_14531.htm">Books / Papers Citing this Paper</A></td><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_14/PapersToNotes_14531.htm">Notes Citing this Paper</A></td><td><A HREF="#ColourConventions">Text Colour-Conventions</a></td></tr></TABLE></CENTER></P> <hr><P><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><U>From <a name="4"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_14/Abstract_14520.htm">Zimmerman (Dean) - Persons: Human and Divine - Three Introductory Questions</A>"</U><FONT COLOR = "800080"><ol type="1">Richard Swinburne's arguments for dualism are well known. Here, he offers a new support for dualism based upon the <a name="1"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_12/Notes_1263.htm">non-supervenience</A><SUP>1</SUP> of the mental. He introduces a concept of an <I>event</I> according to which there is no more to the history of the world than all the events that have happened. All events can be described canonically as the instantiation of properties in substances (or events) at times. He then introduces a certain conception of the "names" of a property, a substance, and a time; anyone who knew the names of the properties, substances, and times involved in every event (in the sense of "name" he stipulates) would know (or could deduce) everything that happens in the history of the world. He defines the category of the <I>mental</I> (whether property, event, or substance) as that to which one subject has privileged access; the category of the physical as that to which there is no privileged access; and the category of the pure mental as that which contains no physical component. Using these categories, he argues that there are mental and pure mental properties, events, and substances; and that these are not identical with, and do not <a name="2"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_12/Notes_1263.htm">supervene</A><SUP>2</SUP> on, physical properties, events, and substances. Human beings are, he concludes, pure mental substances. Consequences are drawn for the Christian doctrines of <a name="3"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_9/Notes_978.htm">life after death</A><SUP>3</SUP> and the resurrection of the body.</ol> </FONT><hr><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><B>Comment: </B><BR><BR>Part 2: Dualism<BR><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR></P><a name="ColourConventions"></a><p><b>Text Colour Conventions (see <A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1025.htm">disclaimer</a>)</b></p><OL TYPE="1"><LI><FONT COLOR = "0000FF">Blue</FONT>: Text by me; &copy; Theo Todman, 2018</li><LI><FONT COLOR = "800080">Mauve</FONT>: Text by correspondent(s) or other author(s); &copy; the author(s)</li></OL> <BR><HR><BR><CENTER> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <TR><TD WIDTH="30%">&copy; Theo Todman, June 2007 - August 2018.</TD> <TD WIDTH="40%">Please address any comments on this page to <A HREF="mailto:theo@theotodman.com">theo@theotodman.com</A>.</TD> <TD WIDTH="30%">File output: <time datetime="2018-08-02T08:08" pubdate>02/08/2018 08:08:58</time> <br><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1010.htm">Website Maintenance Dashboard</A></TD></TR> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="#Top">Return to Top of this Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="40%"><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_11/Notes_1140.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Philosophy Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="../../index.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Home Page</A></TD> </TR></TABLE></CENTER><HR> </BODY> </HTML>