Jesus, Interrupted: Revealing the Hidden Contradictions in the Bible (and Why We Don't Know about Them)
Ehrman (Bart D.)
Source: Ehrman (Bart D.) - Jesus, Interrupted: Revealing the Hidden Contradictions in the Bible (and Why We Don't Know about Them)
Paper - Abstract

Paper StatisticsColour-ConventionsDisclaimer


  1. Preface
  2. A Historical Assault on Faith
    • Introduction
    • A Seminarian’s Introduction to the Bible
    • Problems with the Bible
    • From Seminary to Pulpit
    • Accepting the Historical-critical Method
  3. A World of Contradictions
    • Introduction
    • An Opening Illustration: The Death of Jesus, in Mark and John
    • Discrepancies in the Accounts of Jesus’ Birth and Life
      → Birth
      → Genealogy
    • Other Discrepancies from the Life of Jesus
      → What Did the Voice at Jesus’ Baptism Say?
      → Where was Jesus the Day After He was Baptized?
      → Who is for Jesus and Who is Against Him?
      → How Long did Jesus’ Ministry Last?
    • Discrepancies in the Passion Narratives
      → The Trial Before Pilate
      → The Death of Judas
      → The Resurrection Narratives
      → Other Differences in the Passion Narratives
    • Discrepancies Involving the Life and Writings of Paul
    • Conclusion
  4. A Mass of Variant Views
    • Introduction
    • An Opening Illustration: The Death of Jesus in Mark and Luke
      → Jesus Death in Mark
      → Jesus Death in Luke
      → The Payoff
    • Some Key Differences Between John and the Synoptic Gospels
      → Differences in Content
      → Differences in Emphasis
      → The Virgin Birth and the Incarnation
      → Differences in the Teachings of Jesus
      → Jesus’ Teaching in Mark
      → Jesus’ Teaching in John
      → The Miracles of Jesus
    • Some Key Differences Between Paul and the Gospel Writers
      → Paul and Matthew on Salvation and the Law
      → Paul and Matthew’s Views on the Law
    • Several Other Different Perspectives in the New Testament
      → Why Did Jesus Die?
      → When Did Jesus Become the Son of God, the Lord, and the Messiah?
      → Has God Overlooked the Ignorance of Idolators?
      → Is the Roman State a Force of Good or Evil?
    • Conclusion
  5. Who Wrote the Bible?
    • Introduction
    • Who Wrote the Gospels?
      → Preliminary Observations: The Gospels as Eyewitness Accounts
      → The Authors of the Gospels
      → The Witness of Papias
      → The Witness of Irenaeus and Others
    • Are there Forgeries in the New Testament?
      → Pseudepigraphy in the Ancient World
      → Prevalence of Forgery in the Ancient World
      → Motivations for Producing Forgeries
      → Early Christian Forgeries
      → Pseudepigraphic (Forged) Letters of Paul
      → → 2 Thessalonians
      → → Colossians and Ephesians
      → → The Pastoral Epistles (1 & 2 Timothy and Titus)
    • Who Wrote the Other Books of the New Testament?
    • Conclusion: Who Wrote the Bible?
  6. Liar, Lunatic, or Lord? Finding the Historical Jesus
    • Introduction
    • Or Early Sources of Information About Jesus
      → The Oral Traditions
      → Other Sources for Reconstructing the Life of Jesus
      → Criteria for Establishing the Veracity of Historical Material
    • Jesus the Apocalyptic Prophet
      → The Teachings of Jesus
      → The Deeds and Activities of Jesus
      → → The Baptism
      → → The Twelve Disciples
      → → Jesus as a Healer and Exorcist
      → → The Trip to Jerusalem
      → → The Cleansing of the Temple
      → → The Arrest of Jesus
      → → What Jesus Taught About Himself
    • Excursus: The Resurrection and the Other Miracles in the Life of Jesus
  7. How We Got the Bible
    • Introduction
    • The “Original” Text of the New Testament
    • The Formation of the Canon of Scripture
      → The Wild Diversity of the Early Church
      → → The Ebionites
      → → The Marcionites
      → → The Various Groups of Gnostics
      → → The Prot-Orthodox Christians
    • Some Non-Canonical Scriptures
      → The Gospel of the Ebionites
      → The Coptic Gospel of Thomas
      → The Acts of Thecla
      → Third Corinthians
      → The Letter of Barnabas
      → The Apocalypse of Peter
      → The Coptic Apocalypse of Peter
    • Debates Leading to the Establishment of the Canon
      → The Case of the Gospel of Peter
      → An Early Attempt at a Canon: The Muratorian Canon
    • Orthodoxy and Heresy in the Early Church
      → Eusebius’s View of Orthodoxy and Heresy
      → Walter Bauer’s Bombshell
      → In the Aftermath of Bauer
    • The Weapons of the Conflict
      → The Clergy
      → The Creed
      → The Canon
    • Concluson
  8. Who Invented Christianity?
    • Introduction
    • A Suffering Messiah
      → Christians Views on the Messiah
      → Jewish Expectations of the Messiah
      → The Basis for the Christians’ Claims
    • Christianity as a Distinct, Anti-Jewish Religion
      → The Religion of Jesus and His Earliest Followers
      → The Anti-Jewish Teaching of Jesus’ Later Followers
      → Explaining the Rise of Christian Anti-Judaism
    • The Divinity of Jesus
      → When Did Jesus Become the Son of God?
      → The Divinity of Christ in John’s Community
      → Other Paths to the Same Destination
    • The Doctrine of the Trinity
      → How Many Gods? Some of the Responses
      → Two Hetero-Orthodox Solutions
      → → Patripassianism
      → → Arianism
    • Heaven and Hell
      → The Early Apocalyptic View of the Afterlife1
      → The Transformation of the Apocalyptic Vision
    • Conclusion
  9. Is Faith Possible?
    • Introduction
    • Historical Criticism and Faith
    • History and Myth
    • Leaving the Faith
    • The Theological Value of Historical Criticism
    • Then Why Study the Bible?

Text Colour Conventions (see disclaimer)

  1. Blue: Text by me; © Theo Todman, 2019
  2. Mauve: Text by correspondent(s) or other author(s); © the author(s)

© Theo Todman, June 2007 - Jan 2019. Please address any comments on this page to File output:
Website Maintenance Dashboard
Return to Top of this Page Return to Theo Todman's Philosophy Page Return to Theo Todman's Home Page