<!DOCTYPE html><HTML lang="en"> <head><meta charset="utf-8"> <title>Heller (Mark) - The Immorality of Modal Realism, or: How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Let the Children Drown (Theo Todman's Book Collection - Paper Abstracts) </title> <link href="../../TheosStyle.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"><link rel="shortcut icon" href="../../TT_ICO.png" /></head> <BODY> <CENTER> <div id="header"><HR><h1>Theo Todman's Web Page - Paper Abstracts</h1><HR></div><A name="Top"></A> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_15/PaperSummary_15868.htm">The Immorality of Modal Realism, or: How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Let the Children Drown</A></th></tr> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../Authors/H/Author_Heller (Mark).htm">Heller (Mark)</a></th></tr> <tr><th>Source: Philosophical Studies, Vol. 114, No. 1/2, (May, 2003), pp. 1-22</th></tr> <tr><th>Paper - Abstract</th></tr> </TABLE> </CENTER> <P><CENTER><TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=400><tr><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_15/PaperSummary_15868.htm">Paper Summary</A></td><td><A HREF="#ColourConventions">Text Colour-Conventions</a></td></tr></TABLE></CENTER></P> <hr><P><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><U>Author s Abstract</U><FONT COLOR = "800080"><ol type="1"><li>David Lewis is a <a name="1"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_1/Notes_121.htm">modal</A><SUP>1</SUP> realist. He believes that the actual world is a concrete object of which you and I are literally parts, and he believes that other worlds are also concrete objects some of which literally include other people as parts. Merely possible worlds and merely possible people really exist despite their lack of actuality. </li><li>One underappreciated objection to <a name="2"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_1/Notes_121.htm">modal</A><SUP>2</SUP> realism is Robert Adams's worry that <a name="3"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_1/Notes_121.htm">modal</A><SUP>3</SUP> realism would lead to moral indifference. No matter what I do, every ill that a person could suffer, someone will suffer, every evil that a person could do, someone will do, and every good that a person could do, someone will do. My actions can make no difference to the overall pattern of good and bad that happens to people. So there seems no reason for me to bother to do good rather than bad. </li><li>Lewis responds by pointing out that for anyone other than the most extreme utilitarian there is more to moral decision making than counting up total benefits and harms, and that has seemed a persuasive response. </li><li>It is the purpose of this paper to revive the Adams worry. There are some moral decisions towards which the <a name="4"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_1/Notes_121.htm">modal</A><SUP>4</SUP> realist must permit indifference even though we would ordinarily take it as obvious that indifference is impermissible. </li></ol></FONT><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR></P><a name="ColourConventions"></a><p><b>Text Colour Conventions (see <A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1025.htm">disclaimer</a>)</b></p><OL TYPE="1"><LI><FONT COLOR = "0000FF">Blue</FONT>: Text by me; &copy; Theo Todman, 2018</li><LI><FONT COLOR = "800080">Mauve</FONT>: Text by correspondent(s) or other author(s); &copy; the author(s)</li></OL> <BR><HR><BR><CENTER> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <TR><TD WIDTH="30%">&copy; Theo Todman, June 2007 - August 2018.</TD> <TD WIDTH="40%">Please address any comments on this page to <A HREF="mailto:theo@theotodman.com">theo@theotodman.com</A>.</TD> <TD WIDTH="30%">File output: <time datetime="2018-08-03T00:10" pubdate>03/08/2018 00:10:24</time> <br><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1010.htm">Website Maintenance Dashboard</A></TD></TR> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="#Top">Return to Top of this Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="40%"><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_11/Notes_1140.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Philosophy Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="../../index.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Home Page</A></TD> </TR></TABLE></CENTER><HR> </BODY> </HTML>