Ontological Argument for the Existence of God
Himma (Kenneth Einar)
Source: Internet Encyclopaedia of Philosophy
Paper - Abstract

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Author’s Abstract

  1. One of the most fascinating arguments for the existence of an all-perfect God is the ontological argument. While there are several different versions of the argument, all purport to show that it is self-contradictory to deny that there exists a greatest possible being. Thus, on this general line of argument, it is a necessary truth that such a being exists; and this being is the God of traditional Western theism.
  2. This article explains and evaluates classic and contemporary versions of the ontological argument.

Table of Contents
  1. Introduction: The Non-Empirical Nature of the Ontological Arguments
  2. The Classic Version of the Ontological Argument
    1. The Argument Described
    2. Gaunilo’s Criticism
    3. Aquinas’s Criticisms
    4. Kant’s Criticism: Is Existence a Perfection?
  3. Anselm’s Second Version of the Ontological Argument
  4. Modal1 Versions of the Argument
  5. References and Further Reading

Comment:

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