<!DOCTYPE html><HTML lang="en"> <head><meta charset="utf-8"> <title>Cook (Robert R.) - God, Time and Freedom (Theo Todman's Book Collection - Paper Abstracts) </title> <link href="../../TheosStyle.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"><link rel="shortcut icon" href="../../TT_ICO.png" /></head> <BODY> <CENTER> <div id="header"><HR><h1>Theo Todman's Web Page - Paper Abstracts</h1><HR></div><A name="Top"></A> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_16/PaperSummary_16600.htm">God, Time and Freedom</A></th></tr> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../Authors/C/Author_Cook (Robert R.).htm">Cook (Robert R.)</a></th></tr> <tr><th>Source: Religious Studies, Vol. 23, No. 1 (Mar., 1987), pp. 81-94</th></tr> <tr><th>Paper - Abstract</th></tr> </TABLE> </CENTER> <P><CENTER><TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=600><tr><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_16/PaperSummary_16600.htm">Paper Summary</A></td><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_16/PapersToNotes_16600.htm">Notes Citing this Paper</A></td><td><A HREF="#ColourConventions">Text Colour-Conventions</a></td></tr></TABLE></CENTER></P> <hr><P><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><ol type="1"><li><B>Author s Introduction</B>: <FONT COLOR = "800080">There seems to be a growing consensus amongst both theologians and philosophers that the classical doctrine of God as a simple, eternal (atemporal) being is untenable. Worries are expressed about the very notion of atemporal existence and when the examples of numbers and <a name="1"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1008.htm">universals</A><SUP>1</SUP> are offered, attention is drawn to the uncertain ontological status of such entities. Further, some of the traditional expressions of divine eternity are strictly speaking incoherent, bearing in mind that eternity means having neither temporal location nor duration. For example, it is clearly self-contradictory to assert that atemporal deity enjoys the 'Eternal Now' since this would entail temporal location, and similarly Boethius' famous definition of eternity as 'unending life existing as a complete whole all at once' is suspect, for it suggests that God has both infinite duration ('unending life') and also no duration ('all at once'). Of course, the traditionalist will hasten to point out that God's magnum mysterium is forcing him to employ language analogically, but the critics suspect they are rather in the presence of the fog of unknowing and just plain woolly thinking. However, the problems really begin for the classical theist</FONT> & <BR>[ & snip & ]</li><li><B> Author s Conclusion</B>: <FONT COLOR = "800080">It may be concluded that the doctrine of divine eternity does face insuperable problems when it seeks to embrace such fundamental Christian doctrines as God's omnipotence and omniscience, not to mention his full personhood. As J. R. Lucas points out, 'A timeless Deity may be the Truth; it may possibly provide us with the Way, or at least with a Goal; but it cannot ever be the Life. It remains necessarily <I>to theion</I> not <I>ho theos</I> . There have been some valiant recent attempts to avoid this conclusion by the advancement of such ingenious arguments as here reviewed but they fail to convince. It is tempting, therefore, for the Christian theist to espouse the alternative sempiternal doctrine of God found, for example, in Process Theology but Alladin's lesson should be borne in mind: it is not always a wise deal to exchange new lamps for old.</li></ol> </FONT><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR></P><a name="ColourConventions"></a><p><b>Text Colour Conventions (see <A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1025.htm">disclaimer</a>)</b></p><OL TYPE="1"><LI><FONT COLOR = "0000FF">Blue</FONT>: Text by me; &copy; Theo Todman, 2018</li><LI><FONT COLOR = "800080">Mauve</FONT>: Text by correspondent(s) or other author(s); &copy; the author(s)</li></OL> <BR><HR><BR><CENTER> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <TR><TD WIDTH="30%">&copy; Theo Todman, June 2007 - August 2018.</TD> <TD WIDTH="40%">Please address any comments on this page to <A HREF="mailto:theo@theotodman.com">theo@theotodman.com</A>.</TD> <TD WIDTH="30%">File output: <time datetime="2018-08-02T08:33" pubdate>02/08/2018 08:33:19</time> <br><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1010.htm">Website Maintenance Dashboard</A></TD></TR> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="#Top">Return to Top of this Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="40%"><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_11/Notes_1140.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Philosophy Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="../../index.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Home Page</A></TD> </TR></TABLE></CENTER><HR> </BODY> </HTML>