<!DOCTYPE html><HTML lang="en"> <head><meta charset="utf-8"> <title>Sobel (Jordan) - Modern Modal Ontological Arguments (Theo Todman's Book Collection - Paper Abstracts) </title> <link href="../../TheosStyle.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"><link rel="shortcut icon" href="../../TT_ICO.png" /></head> <BODY> <CENTER> <div id="header"><HR><h1>Theo Todman's Web Page - Paper Abstracts</h1><HR></div><A name="Top"></A> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_16/PaperSummary_16680.htm">Modern Modal Ontological Arguments</A></th></tr> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../Authors/S/Author_Sobel (Jordan).htm">Sobel (Jordan)</a></th></tr> <tr><th>Source: Sobel (Jordan) - Logic and Theism: Arguments For and Against Beliefs in God, Chapter 3</th></tr> <tr><th>Paper - Abstract</th></tr> </TABLE> </CENTER> <P><CENTER><TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=400><tr><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_16/PaperSummary_16680.htm">Paper Summary</A></td><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_16/PapersToNotes_16680.htm">Notes Citing this Paper</A></td></tr></TABLE></CENTER></P> <hr><P><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><U>Contents</U><FONT COLOR = "800080"><ol type="1"><li>Norman Malcolm's argument  81</li><li>Charles Hartshorne's argument  82</li><li>A fly in the ointment?  86</li><li>Other Anselmian arguments  88</li><li>  It's the possibility!'  89</li><li>Foes of ontological arguments say that their possibility-premises beg questions  90</li><li>Friends of ontological arguments respond  91</li><li>But that  that conceivability entails possibility  is simply not true!  92</li><li>A demotion of the argument from a proof, to a license to believe  96</li><li>Appendix A.  Possible worlds'  99<BR>& A1. Worlds enough  99<BR>& A2. Truth and actuality at possible worlds  101<BR>& A3. <a name="1"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_1/Notes_121.htm">Modal</A><SUP>1</SUP> realism without tears  102<BR>& A4. This is not a story  103<BR>& A5. A logic for possible worlds  103</li><li>Appendix B. <a name="2"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_1/Notes_121.htm">Modal logic</A><SUP>2</SUP>  105<BR>& B1. Sentential <a name="3"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_1/Notes_121.htm">modal logic</A><SUP>3</SUP>  105<BR>& B2. Hartshorne's <a name="4"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_1/Notes_121.htm">modal</A><SUP>4</SUP> ontological argument  108<BR>& B3. Quantified <a name="5"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_1/Notes_121.htm">modal logic</A><SUP>5</SUP>  110</li></ol> </FONT><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR></P><a name="ColourConventions"></a><p><b>Text Colour Conventions (see <A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1025.htm">disclaimer</a>)</b></p><OL TYPE="1"><LI><FONT COLOR = "0000FF">Blue</FONT>: Text by me; &copy; Theo Todman, 2018</li><LI><FONT COLOR = "800080">Mauve</FONT>: Text by correspondent(s) or other author(s); &copy; the author(s)</li></OL> <BR><HR><BR><CENTER> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <TR><TD WIDTH="30%">&copy; Theo Todman, June 2007 - August 2018.</TD> <TD WIDTH="40%">Please address any comments on this page to <A HREF="mailto:theo@theotodman.com">theo@theotodman.com</A>.</TD> <TD WIDTH="30%">File output: <time datetime="2018-08-03T00:14" pubdate>03/08/2018 00:14:08</time> <br><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1010.htm">Website Maintenance Dashboard</A></TD></TR> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="#Top">Return to Top of this Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="40%"><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_11/Notes_1140.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Philosophy Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="../../index.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Home Page</A></TD> </TR></TABLE></CENTER><HR> </BODY> </HTML>