<!DOCTYPE html><HTML lang="en"> <head><meta charset="utf-8"> <title>Gallois (Andre) - Occasional Identity (Theo Todman's Book Collection - Paper Abstracts) </title> <link href="../../TheosStyle.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"><link rel="shortcut icon" href="../../TT_ICO.png" /></head> <BODY> <CENTER> <div id="header"><HR><h1>Theo Todman's Web Page - Paper Abstracts</h1><HR></div><A name="Top"></A> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_16/PaperSummary_16816.htm">Occasional Identity</A></th></tr> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../Authors/G/Author_Gallois (Andre).htm">Gallois (Andre)</a></th></tr> <tr><th>Source: Philosophical Studies Vol. 58.3: March 1990, pp. 203-224</th></tr> <tr><th>Paper - Abstract</th></tr> </TABLE> </CENTER> <P><CENTER><TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=800><tr><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_16/PaperSummary_16816.htm">Paper Summary</A></td><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_16/PaperCitings_16816.htm">Books / Papers Citing this Paper</A></td><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_16/PapersToNotes_16816.htm">Notes Citing this Paper</A></td><td><A HREF="#ColourConventions">Text Colour-Conventions</a></td></tr></TABLE></CENTER></P> <hr><P><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><u>Author s Abstract</u><FONT COLOR = "800080"><ol type="1"><li>Can distinct things ever be identical? An affirmative answer to this question confirms what I will call the occasional identity thesis. </li><li>According to OIT it is possible for there to exist something which is identical at some time with something it is distinct from at another. </li><li>In this paper I propose to defend OIT against the charge that it violates a fundamental principle governing identity known as <a name="1"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_81.htm">Leibniz's Law</A><SUP>1</SUP>. </li><li>Is OIT worth defending? It is if only because it reconciles conflicting intuitions about imaginable cases. </li><li>Perhaps the most extensively discussed case is one in which a person putatively divides into distinct persons. <ol type="i"><li>It seems possible for an individual Jones to survive the destruction of the left hemisphere of his brain, and for there to be a later individual who results from the <a name="2"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_7/Notes_763.htm">transplantation</A><SUP>2</SUP> of the remaining hemisphere into some suitably debrained body. </li><li>It likewise seems possible, subsequent to the destruction of the right hemisphere of Jones's brain, for an individual to result from the <a name="3"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_7/Notes_763.htm">transplantation</A><SUP>3</SUP> of the remaining hemisphere into some other debrained body. </ol></li><li>Call the individual who results from the <a name="4"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_7/Notes_763.htm">transplantation</A><SUP>4</SUP> of Jones's right hemisphere the right-hand survivor, and the individual who results from the <a name="5"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_7/Notes_763.htm">transplantation</A><SUP>5</SUP> of Jones's left hemisphere the left-hand survivor. <ol type="i"><li>In the absence of the left-hand survivor it is intuitively compelling to identify Jones with the right-hand survivor. </li><li>In the absence of the right-hand survivor it is intuitively compelling to identify Jones with the left-hand survivor. </ol></li><li>What should we say if both the right-hand and left-hand survivors are on the scene together after the operation?</li></ol> </FONT><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR></P><a name="ColourConventions"></a><p><b>Text Colour Conventions (see <A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1025.htm">disclaimer</a>)</b></p><OL TYPE="1"><LI><FONT COLOR = "0000FF">Blue</FONT>: Text by me; &copy; Theo Todman, 2018</li><LI><FONT COLOR = "800080">Mauve</FONT>: Text by correspondent(s) or other author(s); &copy; the author(s)</li></OL> <BR><HR><BR><CENTER> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <TR><TD WIDTH="30%">&copy; Theo Todman, June 2007 - August 2018.</TD> <TD WIDTH="40%">Please address any comments on this page to <A HREF="mailto:theo@theotodman.com">theo@theotodman.com</A>.</TD> <TD WIDTH="30%">File output: <time datetime="2018-08-02T08:36" pubdate>02/08/2018 08:36:03</time> <br><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1010.htm">Website Maintenance Dashboard</A></TD></TR> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="#Top">Return to Top of this Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="40%"><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_11/Notes_1140.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Philosophy Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="../../index.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Home Page</A></TD> </TR></TABLE></CENTER><HR> </BODY> </HTML>