<!DOCTYPE html><HTML lang="en"> <head><meta charset="utf-8"> <title>Markosian (Ned) - Identifying the Problem of Personal Identity (Theo Todman's Book Collection - Paper Abstracts) </title> <link href="../../TheosStyle.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"><link rel="shortcut icon" href="../../TT_ICO.png" /></head> <BODY> <CENTER> <div id="header"><HR><h1>Theo Todman's Web Page - Paper Abstracts</h1><HR></div><A name="Top"></A> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_16/PaperSummary_16826.htm">Identifying the Problem of Personal Identity</A></th></tr> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../Authors/M/Author_Markosian (Ned).htm">Markosian (Ned)</a></th></tr> <tr><th>Source: Campbell, O'Rourke & Silverstein - Time and Identity, II - Identity, Chapter 6</th></tr> <tr><th>Paper - Abstract</th></tr> </TABLE> </CENTER> <P><CENTER><TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=800><tr><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_16/PaperSummary_16826.htm">Paper Summary</A></td><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_16/PaperCitings_16826.htm">Books / Papers Citing this Paper</A></td><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_16/PapersToNotes_16826.htm">Notes Citing this Paper</A></td><td><A HREF="#ColourConventions">Text Colour-Conventions</a></td></tr></TABLE></CENTER></P> <hr><P><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><U><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P16826_1">Abstract</A></U><SUB>1</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P16826_1"></A></U><FONT COLOR = "800080"><ol type="1"><li>At a metaphilosophical level, Ned Markosian  in "Identifying the Problem of Personal Identity" (chapter 6)  suggests that the standard way of putting the problem improperly biases the ensuing debate in favor of four-dimensionalism. </li><li>Philosophers will often put the problem this way: under what conditions are person x at time t1 and person y at time t2 in fact the same person? But to what entities do the phrases 'person x at t1' and 'person y at t2' refer? </li><li>Four-dimensionalists <a name="1"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_12/Notes_1256.htm">(perdurantists</A><SUP>2</SUP>) have a ready answer: to the temporal parts of person x and person y. Three-dimensionalists <a name="2"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_7/Notes_760.htm">(endurantists</A><SUP>3</SUP>) have no truck with this  for they deny that persons have temporal parts. They prefer to ask after the conditions under which something that is a person at t1 is the same person as something that is a person at t2. But as we have seen, invoking <a name="3"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_10.htm">sortal</A><SUP>4</SUP> identity in order to state the problem incurs a heavy philosophical burden. </li><li>Drawing on a new theory of property instantiations, Markosian proposes a new way of putting the problem that he claims levels the playing field for the 3Der and 4Der. <a name="4"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_93.htm">Properties</A><SUP>5</SUP>, he notes, are often instantiated for extended periods of time: the sun has been hot for several billion years; leaves stay green in summer and turn red in the fall; the number seven has always been prime. </li><li>Call these instantiations "episodes." Now we can ask some questions about whether this episode is the same as that. In particular, we can ask of persons. What are the conditions under which an instance of personhood at t2 is part of the same episode of personhood as an instance of personhood at t2? </li><li>This characterization helps make sense of some of the vexing problems facing the 3Ders (e.g., the <a name="5"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_33.htm">fission</A><SUP>6</SUP> problem, the <a name="6"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_11/Notes_1133.htm">time travel</A><SUP>7</SUP> problem, and the <a name="7"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_71.htm">fetus</A><SUP>8</SUP> / <a name="8"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_65.htm">corpse</A><SUP>9</SUP> problems). Though particularly welcome for the 3Der, success here should be regarded as good news all around, as it seems preferable not to presuppose one way of thinking about a problem by merely stating it (a theme Markosian sounds more than once in his chapter). </li></ol></FONT><BR><HR><BR><U><B>In-Page Footnotes</U></B><a name="On-Page_Link_P16826_1"></A><BR><BR><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P16826_1"><B>Footnote 1</B></A></U>: <ul type="disc"><li>Taken from p. 14-15 of <a name="9"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_16/Abstract_16820.htm">Slater (Matthew H.) - Framing the Problems of Time and Identity</A>", footnotes removed (for now).</li></ul> <FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR></P><a name="ColourConventions"></a><p><b>Text Colour Conventions (see <A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1025.htm">disclaimer</a>)</b></p><OL TYPE="1"><LI><FONT COLOR = "0000FF">Blue</FONT>: Text by me; &copy; Theo Todman, 2018</li><LI><FONT COLOR = "800080">Mauve</FONT>: Text by correspondent(s) or other author(s); &copy; the author(s)</li></OL> <BR><HR><BR><CENTER> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <TR><TD WIDTH="30%">&copy; Theo Todman, June 2007 - August 2018.</TD> <TD WIDTH="40%">Please address any comments on this page to <A HREF="mailto:theo@theotodman.com">theo@theotodman.com</A>.</TD> <TD WIDTH="30%">File output: <time datetime="2018-08-02T08:36" pubdate>02/08/2018 08:36:15</time> <br><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1010.htm">Website Maintenance Dashboard</A></TD></TR> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="#Top">Return to Top of this Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="40%"><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_11/Notes_1140.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Philosophy Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="../../index.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Home Page</A></TD> </TR></TABLE></CENTER><HR> </BODY> </HTML>