<!DOCTYPE html><HTML lang="en"> <head><meta charset="utf-8"> <title>Noonan (Harold) - Persons, Animals and Human Beings (2010) (Theo Todman's Book Collection - Paper Abstracts) </title> <link href="../../TheosStyle.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"><link rel="shortcut icon" href="../../TT_ICO.png" /></head> <BODY> <CENTER> <div id="header"><HR><h1>Theo Todman's Web Page - Paper Abstracts</h1><HR></div><A name="Top"></A> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_16/PaperSummary_16829.htm">Persons, Animals and Human Beings (2010)</A></th></tr> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../Authors/N/Author_Noonan (Harold).htm">Noonan (Harold)</a></th></tr> <tr><th>Source: Campbell, O'Rourke & Silverstein - Time and Identity, III - The Self, Chapter 9</th></tr> <tr><th>Paper - Abstract</th></tr> </TABLE> </CENTER> <P><CENTER><TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=800><tr><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_16/PaperSummary_16829.htm">Paper Summary</A></td><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_16/PaperCitings_16829.htm">Books / Papers Citing this Paper</A></td><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_16/PapersToNotes_16829.htm">Notes Citing this Paper</A></td><td><A HREF="#ColourConventions">Text Colour-Conventions</a></td></tr></TABLE></CENTER></P> <hr><P><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><U><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P16829_1">Abstract</A></U><SUB>1</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P16829_1"></A></U><FONT COLOR = "800080"><ol type="1"><li> Harold Noonan leans on an intriguing view of first-person reference to further articulate his approach to personal identity and personhood. </li><li>We might ask very generally, "What changes can a person survive? What changes will terminate a person's existence?" Noonan argues that the indexical formulation of the problem is more basic: "Our interest in personal identity is fundamentally an interest in our own identity." On this view, persons are just the objects of first-person reference. </li><li>Armed with this simple conception of persons, Noonan suggests that defenders of the psychological approach to personal identity can rebut Olson's "<a name="1"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_8/Notes_872.htm">too many minds</A><SUP>2</SUP> objection," also known as the "<a name="2"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_8/Notes_872.htm">thinking animal</A><SUP>3</SUP>" problem. </li><li>Perhaps we should admit that each of us "is" an animal "in the sense of coinciding with one and being constituted of the same matter as one  but this 'is' is the 'is' of constitution, not identity" (195). </li><li>But even if persons and <a name="3"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_12/Notes_1265.htm">human animals</A><SUP>4</SUP> coincide in this manner and both think "'I'-thoughts," it does not follow that their thoughts are about different thinkers. </li><li>Noonan thus dissolves the skeptical difficulties associated with the <a name="4"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_8/Notes_872.htm">too many minds</A><SUP>5</SUP> objection  "Both the person and the animal can know that their utterance of 'I am a person' is true" (198)  for 'I'-thoughts always refer to the person thinking them. His essay concludes with an extended defense of this approach from <a name="5"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_07/Abstract_7734.htm">Olson (Eric) - Thinking Animals and the Reference of 'I'</A>" (2002) objections. </li></ol></FONT><hr><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><B>Comment: </B><BR><BR>This is an update of <a name="6"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_03/Abstract_3973.htm">Noonan (Harold) - Persons, Animals and Human Beings</A>", Chapter 11 of <a name="8"></a>"<A HREF = "../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_00/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_40.htm">Noonan (Harold) - Personal Identity</A>".<BR><BR><HR><BR><U><B>In-Page Footnotes</U></B><a name="On-Page_Link_P16829_1"></A><BR><BR><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P16829_1"><B>Footnote 1</B></A></U>: Taken from p. 16 of <a name="7"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_16/Abstract_16820.htm">Slater (Matthew H.) - Framing the Problems of Time and Identity</A>", footnotes removed (for now). <BR><BR><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR></P><a name="ColourConventions"></a><p><b>Text Colour Conventions (see <A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1025.htm">disclaimer</a>)</b></p><OL TYPE="1"><LI><FONT COLOR = "0000FF">Blue</FONT>: Text by me; &copy; Theo Todman, 2018</li><LI><FONT COLOR = "800080">Mauve</FONT>: Text by correspondent(s) or other author(s); &copy; the author(s)</li></OL> <BR><HR><BR><CENTER> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <TR><TD WIDTH="30%">&copy; Theo Todman, June 2007 - August 2018.</TD> <TD WIDTH="40%">Please address any comments on this page to <A HREF="mailto:theo@theotodman.com">theo@theotodman.com</A>.</TD> <TD WIDTH="30%">File output: <time datetime="2018-08-02T08:36" pubdate>02/08/2018 08:36:19</time> <br><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1010.htm">Website Maintenance Dashboard</A></TD></TR> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="#Top">Return to Top of this Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="40%"><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_11/Notes_1140.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Philosophy Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="../../index.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Home Page</A></TD> </TR></TABLE></CENTER><HR> </BODY> </HTML>