<!DOCTYPE html><HTML lang="en"> <head><meta charset="utf-8"> <title>Whitlam (John) - Modern Brazilian Portuguese Grammar Workbook (Theo Todman's Book Collection - Paper Abstracts) </title> <link href="../../TheosStyle.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"><link rel="shortcut icon" href="../../TT_ICO.png" /></head> <BODY> <CENTER> <div id="header"><HR><h1>Theo Todman's Web Page - Paper Abstracts</h1><HR></div><A name="Top"></A> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_17/PaperSummary_17321.htm">Modern Brazilian Portuguese Grammar Workbook</A></th></tr> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../Authors/W/Author_Whitlam (John).htm">Whitlam (John)</a></th></tr> <tr><th>Source: Whitlam (John) - Modern Brazilian Portuguese Grammar Workbook</th></tr> <tr><th>Paper - Abstract</th></tr> </TABLE> </CENTER> <P><CENTER><TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=600><tr><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_17/PaperSummary_17321.htm">Paper Summary</A></td><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_17/PapersToNotes_17321.htm">Notes Citing this Paper</A></td><td><A HREF="#ColourConventions">Text Colour-Conventions</a></td></tr></TABLE></CENTER></P> <hr><P><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><U>Contents</U><FONT COLOR = "800080"><ol type="1">Introduction<BR><BR><B><U>Part A - Structures</B></U><li>Pronunciation and spelling 3</li><li>Gender and gender agreement 5</li><li>Number and number agreement 7</li><li>Articles 9</li><li>Adjectives and adverbs 11</li><li>Numbers and numerical expressions 14</li><li>Personal pronouns 16</li><li>Demonstratives 19</li><li>Possessives 21</li><li>Relative pronouns 23</li><li>Interrogatives 25</li><li>Exclamations 27</li><li>Indefinite adjectives and pronouns 28</li><li>Negatives 30</li><li>Regular verb conjugations 31</li><li>Semi-irregular and irregular verbs 34</li><li>Gerunds, past participles, compound tenses and the passive 37</li><li>Use of the tenses 40</li><li>The infinitive 45</li><li>The subjunctive 47</li><li>The imperative 50</li><li>Reflexive verbs 52</li><li><B>Ser, estar </B>and <B>ficar</B> 54</li><li>Verbs used in auxiliary, <a name="1"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_1/Notes_121.htm">modal</A><SUP>1</SUP> and impersonal constructions 56</li><li>Prepositions 58</li><li>Conjunctions 60</li><li>Word order 62</li><li>Word formation 63<BR><BR><B><U>Part B - Functions</B></U></li><li>Making social contacts 67</li><li>Basic strategies for communication 71</li><li>Asking questions and responding 73</li><li>Negating 75</li><li>Reporting 76</li><li>Asking and giving personal information 79</li><li>Identifying people and things 81</li><li>Describing 83</li><li>Making comparisons 86</li><li>Expressing existence and availability 88</li><li>Expressing location and distance 90</li><li>Expressing possessive relations 92</li><li>Expressing changes 94</li><li>Expressing cause, effect and purpose 96</li><li>Expressing knowledge 98</li><li>Remembering and forgetting 100</li><li>Expressing obligation and duty 102</li><li>Expressing needs 104</li><li>Expressing possibility and probability 106</li><li>Expressing certainty and uncertainty 108</li><li>Expressing supposition 110</li><li>Expressing conditions 112</li><li>Expressing contrast or opposition 114</li><li>Expressing capability and incapability 116</li><li>Seeking and giving permission 118</li><li>Asking and giving opinions 120</li><li>Expressing agreement, disagreement and indifference 122</li><li>Expressing desires and preferences 123</li><li>Expressing likes and dislikes 125</li><li>Expressing surprise 127</li><li>Expressing satisfaction and dissatisfaction 128</li><li>Expressing hope 130</li><li>Expressing sympathy 132</li><li>Apologizing and expressing forgiveness 134</li><li>Expressing fear or worry 136</li><li>Expressing gratitude 137</li><li>Giving advice and making suggestions 138</li><li>Making requests 140</li><li>Giving directions, instructions and orders 142</li><li>Making an offer or invitation and accepting or declining 144</li><li>Talking about the present 146</li><li>Talking about the future 149</li><li>Talking about the past 152<BR>Answer key 156<BR>Index of grammar structures 186<BR>Index of functions 188. </li></ol></FONT><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR></P><a name="ColourConventions"></a><p><b>Text Colour Conventions (see <A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1025.htm">disclaimer</a>)</b></p><OL TYPE="1"><LI><FONT COLOR = "0000FF">Blue</FONT>: Text by me; &copy; Theo Todman, 2018</li><LI><FONT COLOR = "800080">Mauve</FONT>: Text by correspondent(s) or other author(s); &copy; the author(s)</li></OL> <BR><HR><BR><CENTER> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <TR><TD WIDTH="30%">&copy; Theo Todman, June 2007 - August 2018.</TD> <TD WIDTH="40%">Please address any comments on this page to <A HREF="mailto:theo@theotodman.com">theo@theotodman.com</A>.</TD> <TD WIDTH="30%">File output: <time datetime="2018-08-03T00:15" pubdate>03/08/2018 00:15:43</time> <br><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1010.htm">Website Maintenance Dashboard</A></TD></TR> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="#Top">Return to Top of this Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="40%"><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_11/Notes_1140.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Philosophy Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="../../index.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Home Page</A></TD> </TR></TABLE></CENTER><HR> </BODY> </HTML>