- This pseudo-Paper is intended as the mechanism to record time spent on the Note 'Biological Criterion1' during my Thesis research, as from 2011.
- For the actual time recorded, click on "Paper Summary" above.
Write-up2 (as at 20/04/2018 23:36:58): Biological Criterion
- This is the criterion of identity4 associated with the biological view5 of what we6 human beings7 are.
- Animalism8 takes this biological view, that we are human animals (as distinct from persons9, or immaterial souls10). So, our persistence criteria are those of animals.
- What will fall under this Note is just what these criteria are.
- Biological identity criteria in general are slightly wider than those of animals in particular, as they include those for plants and other biological organisms11.
- Locke12 made the first stab at what this criterion might be. His view was that it was the participation in a single life13 that made an organism the same organism over time. The concept of a life is itself in need of explanation, and may not (in the absence of vitalism) be logically prior to the concept of an organism.
- It seems to me that the biological criterion could (theoretically, at least) allow for metamorphosis14 (provided that the metamorphosis15 is into another organism). There are, however, sortal16 objections to metamorphosis17.
- Works on this topic that I’ve actually read18, include19 the following:-
- "Olson (Eric) - The Biological Approach", Olson
- "Wilson (Jack) - Biological Individuality - The identity and Persistence of Living Entities", Wilson20
- The categorised reading-list below is of little use and in need of further research. It is somewhat arbitrary as to which books / papers fall under this topic, and which under
→ Biological View21 or
- This is mostly a place-holder23.
- This is the write-up as it was when this Abstract was last output, with text as at the timestamp indicated (20/04/2018 23:36:58).
- Link to Latest Write-Up Note.
- A number of my philosophical Notes are “promissory notes” currently only listing the books and papers (if any) I possess on the topic concerned.
- I’ve decided to add some text – whether by way of motivation, or something more substantive – for all these identified topics related to my Thesis.
- As I want to do this fairly quickly, the text may be confused or show surprising ignorance.
- The reader (if such exists) will have to bear with me, and display the principle of charity while this footnote exists.
- Frequently I’ll have made copious marginal annotations, and sometimes have written up a review-note.
- In the former case, I intend to transfer the annotations into electronic form as soon as I can find the time.
- In the latter case, I will have remarked on the fact against the citation, and will integrate the comments into this Note in due course.
- My intention is to incorporate into these Notes comments on material I’ve already read rather than engage with unread material at this stage.
Footnote 20: The primary text addressing this topic.
- I may have read others in between updates of this Note – in which case they will be marked as such in the “References and Reading List” below.
- Papers or Books partially read have a rough %age based on the time spent versus the time expected.
Text Colour Conventions (see disclaimer)
- Blue: Text by me; © Theo Todman, 2018