- This pseudo-Paper is intended as the mechanism to record time spent on the Note 'Biological Criterion1' during my Thesis research, as from 2011.
- For the actual time recorded, click on "Paper Summary" above.
Write-up2 (as at 10/06/2018 18:23:02): Biological Criterion
- This is the criterion of identity4 associated with the biological view5 of what we6 human beings7 are.
- Animalism8 takes this biological view, that we are human animals (as distinct from persons9, or immaterial souls10). So, our persistence criteria are those of animals.
- What will fall under this Note is just what these criteria are.
- Biological identity criteria in general are slightly wider than those of animals in particular, as they include those for plants and other biological organisms11.
- Locke12 made the first stab at what this criterion might be. His view was that it was the participation in a single life13 that made an organism the same organism over time. The concept of a life is itself in need of explanation, and may not (in the absence of vitalism) be logically prior to the concept of an organism.
- It seems to me that the biological criterion could (theoretically, at least) allow for metamorphosis14 (provided that the metamorphosis15 is into another organism). There are, however, sortal16 objections to metamorphosis17.
- For a page of Links18 to this Note, Click here.
- Works on this topic that I’ve actually read19, include20 the following:-
- "Corcoran (Kevin) - Biology or Psychology? Human Persons and Personal Identity", Corcoran
- "DeGrazia (David) - Are we essentially persons? Olson, Baker, and a reply", DeGrazia
- "Olson (Eric) - The Biological Approach", Olson
- "Shoemaker (David) - Personal Identity and Ethics", Shoemaker
- "Shoemaker (David) - Personal Identity and Ethics: A Brief Introduction", Shoemaker
- "Wilson (Jack) - Biological Individuality - The identity and Persistence of Living Entities", Wilson21
- The categorised reading-list below is of little use and in need of further research. It is somewhat arbitrary as to which books / papers fall under this topic, and which under
→ Biological View22 or
- This is mostly a place-holder24.
- This is the write-up as it was when this Abstract was last output, with text as at the timestamp indicated (10/06/2018 18:23:02).
- Link to Latest Write-Up Note.
- A number of my philosophical Notes are “promissory notes” currently only listing the books and papers (if any) I possess on the topic concerned.
- I’ve decided to add some text – whether by way of motivation, or something more substantive – for all these identified topics related to my Thesis.
- As I want to do this fairly quickly, the text may be confused or show surprising ignorance.
- The reader (if such exists) will have to bear with me, and display the principle of charity while this footnote exists.
- If only a “non-updating” run has been made, the links are only one-way – ie. from the page of links to the objects that reference this Note by mentioning the appropriate key-word(s). The links are also only indicative, as they haven’t yet been confirmed as relevant.
- Once an updating run has been made, links are both ways, and links from this Notes page (from the “Authors, Books & Papers Citing this Note” and “Summary of Note Links to this Page” sections) are to the “point of link” within the page rather than to the page generically. Links from the “links page” remain generic.
- There are two sorts of updating runs – for Notes and other Objects. The reason for this is that Notes are archived, and too many archived versions would be created if this process were repeatedly run.
- Frequently I’ll have made copious marginal annotations, and sometimes have written up a review-note.
- In the former case, I intend to transfer the annotations into electronic form as soon as I can find the time.
- In the latter case, I will have remarked on the fact against the citation, and will integrate the comments into this Note in due course.
- My intention is to incorporate into these Notes comments on material I’ve already read rather than engage with unread material at this stage.
Footnote 21: The primary text addressing this topic.
- I may have read others in between updates of this Note – in which case they will be marked as such in the “References and Reading List” below.
- Papers or Books partially read have a rough %age based on the time spent versus the time expected.
Text Colour Conventions (see disclaimer)
- Blue: Text by me; © Theo Todman, 2018