<!DOCTYPE html><HTML lang="en"> <head><meta charset="utf-8"> <title>Todman (Theo) - Thesis - Clinical Observations (Theo Todman's Book Collection - Paper Abstracts) </title> <link href="../../TheosStyle.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"><link rel="shortcut icon" href="../../TT_ICO.png" /></head> <BODY> <CENTER> <div id="header"><HR><h1>Theo Todman's Web Page - Paper Abstracts</h1><HR></div><A name="Top"></A> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_17/PaperSummary_17785.htm">Thesis - Clinical Observations</A></th></tr> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../Authors/T/Author_Todman (Theo).htm">Todman (Theo)</a></th></tr> <tr><th>Source: </th></tr> <tr><th>Paper - Abstract</th></tr> </TABLE> </CENTER> <P><CENTER><TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=400><tr><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_17/PaperSummary_17785.htm">Paper Summary</A></td><td><A HREF = "../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_31.htm">Link to Latest Write-Up Note</A></td></tr></TABLE></CENTER></P> <hr><P><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><ul type="disc"><li>This pseudo-Paper is intended as the mechanism to record time spent on the Note '<a name="1"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_31.htm">Clinical Observations</A><SUP>1</SUP>' during my Thesis research, as from 2011. </li><li>For the actual time recorded, click on "Paper Summary" above. </li></ul><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><hr><br><B><u><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P17785_2">Write-up</A></U><SUB>2</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P17785_2"></A></u> (as at 10/04/2017 23:38:24): Clinical Observations</B><BR><br><u><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P17785_3">Plug Note</A></U><SUB>3</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P17785_3"></A></u><ul type="disc"><li>Clinical observations may be a better guides than <a name="2"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_32.htm">thought experiments</A><SUP>4</SUP> as test cases for our theories of personal identity, because at least we know they represent a real possibility. <ul type="square"><li>One of the main objections to TEs is that they are underspecified and confused. </li><li>However, even with actual clinical observation, we still have the trouble of the correct <U>interpretation</U> of the clinical data, which affects the conclusions we can draw from it. </li><li>See <a name="19"></a>"<A HREF = "../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_02/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_2713.htm">Wegner (Daniel) - The Illusion of Conscious Will</A>" for the sort of controversy that arises in these circumstances. <BR>&rarr; [I need to explain this a bit further!] </li></ul></li><li>Examples of relevant clinical cases are <BR>&rarr; <a name="3"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_1/Notes_116.htm">Commissurotomy patients</A><SUP>5</SUP> and <BR>&rarr; Those with <a name="4"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_86.htm">Multiple Personality Disorder</A><SUP>6</SUP> (MPD). <BR>Is a commissurotomy or MPD patient  home to one or two persons? </li><li>I argue elsewhere (<a name="5"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_7/Notes_737.htm">where</A><SUP>7</SUP>?) that PATIENT  like <a name="6"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_9.htm">PERSON</A><SUP>8</SUP>  is a <a name="7"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_29.htm">Phase Sortal</A><SUP>9</SUP> of the <a name="8"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_10.htm">Ultimate Sortal</A><SUP>10</SUP> <a name="9"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_74.htm">HUMAN BEING</A><SUP>11</SUP>. <ul type="square"><li>One human being can simultaneously be multiple patients (dental and chiropody, for instance), or a multiply-enrolled student. </li><li>Does this situation mirror those of our more seriously damaged human beings? </li></ul></li><li>One thing can t be two things (in the sense of  be identical to ), even if the two things are of a different <a name="10"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_80.htm">kind</A><SUP>12</SUP> to the one thing. <ul type="square"><li>The <a name="11"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_12.htm">logic of identity</A><SUP>13</SUP> would force the  two things to be identical. </li><li>But the Phase Sortal approach doesn t force this violation of logic, so could a human being with split personality literally be the home of two, or three, or seven different thinking beings? (<U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P17785_14">Wilkes</A></U><SUB>14</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P17785_14"></A>). </li><li>I m inclined to say  yes , but what impact does that have on <a name="12"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_24.htm">animalism</A><SUP>15</SUP>? </li></ul></li><li>This topic (and its reading list) overlaps with several others, some of which have already been mentioned:- <ul type="square"> <li><a name="13"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_1/Notes_116.htm">Commissurotomy</A><SUP>16</SUP>, </li><li><a name="14"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_68.htm">Dicephalus</A><SUP>17</SUP>,</li><li><a name="15"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_86.htm">Multiple Personality Disorder</A><SUP>18</SUP>,</li><li><a name="16"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_1/Notes_119.htm">Psychopathology</A><SUP>19</SUP>. </li></ul></li><li>Currently, there is no categorised reading-list for this topic. A reading list would be mostly covered by the above Notes. Currently I can otherwise only think of:- <ol type="i"><li><a name="18"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_01/Abstract_1393.htm">Harris (Henry) - An Experimentalist Looks at Identity</A>", Harris, 1995</li></ol></li><li>This is mostly a <a name="17"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_7/Notes_737.htm">place-holder</A><SUP>20</SUP>. </li></ul><BR><HR><BR><U><B>In-Page Footnotes</U></B><a name="On-Page_Link_P17785_2"></A><BR><BR><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P17785_2"><B>Footnote 2</A></B></U>: <ul type="disc"><li>This is the write-up as it was when this Abstract was last output, with text as at the timestamp indicated (10/04/2017 23:38:24). </li><li><A HREF = "../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_31.htm">Link to Latest Write-Up Note</A>. </li></ul><a name="On-Page_Link_P17785_3"></A><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P17785_3"><B>Footnote 3</A></B></U>: <ul type="disc"><li>A number of my philosophical Notes are  promissory notes currently only listing the books and papers (if any) I possess on the topic concerned. </li><li>I ve decided to add some text  whether by way of motivation, or something more substantive  for all these identified topics related to my Thesis.</li><li>As I want to do this fairly quickly, the text may be confused or show surprising ignorance. </li><li>The reader (if such exists) will have to bear with me, and display the principle of charity while this footnote exists. </li></ul><a name="On-Page_Link_P17785_14"></A><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P17785_14"><B>Footnote 14</A></B></U>: Presumably in +BB+. <BR><BR><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR></P><a name="ColourConventions"></a><p><b>Text Colour Conventions (see <A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1025.htm">disclaimer</a>)</b></p><OL TYPE="1"><LI><FONT COLOR = "0000FF">Blue</FONT>: Text by me; &copy; Theo Todman, 2018</li></OL> <BR><HR><BR><CENTER> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <TR><TD WIDTH="30%">&copy; Theo Todman, June 2007 - August 2018.</TD> <TD WIDTH="40%">Please address any comments on this page to <A HREF="mailto:theo@theotodman.com">theo@theotodman.com</A>.</TD> <TD WIDTH="30%">File output: <time datetime="2018-08-13T13:19" pubdate>13/08/2018 13:19:21</time> <br><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1010.htm">Website Maintenance Dashboard</A></TD></TR> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="#Top">Return to Top of this Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="40%"><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_11/Notes_1140.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Philosophy Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="../../index.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Home Page</A></TD> </TR></TABLE></CENTER><HR> </BODY> </HTML>