- This pseudo-Paper is intended as the mechanism to record time spent on the Note 'Contingent Identity1' during my Thesis research, as from 2011.
- For the actual time recorded, click on "Paper Statistics" above.
Write-up2 (as at 19/08/2018 23:13:55): Contingent Identity
- The orthodox approach to the Logic4 of Identity is to treat it as a necessary equivalence relation. I follow this approach.
- However, in response to various TEs5, deviant forms6 of Identity have been devised, and some are still popular.
- Contingent Identity arose7 in the paper by Alan Gibbard listed below, which considers the TE of the Statue and the Clay8.
- The TE relates to the topic of Constitution9. We are to consider a statue and the lump of clay of which is constituted. If we arrange things carefully, the two might coincidentally come into and go out of existence at the same time. If so, are they not identical, given that they would seem to have all the same properties? Yet, they might not have been temporally coincident – in the normal case, the lump would be formed first, and only slowly be sculpted into a statue. So, they are only contingently identical, the argument goes. And this TE shows (it is said) that far from being a necessary relation, identity may only contingently hold.
- The logic of identity is so secure that it is sensible to look for other explanations of the TE. Of course, the divination of just what is wrong with the TE are many, which doesn’t necessarily mean that the TE is misleading for any of these reasons.
- Baker10, for instance, has “relation to an art world” as one of the properties the Statue has which is not had by the Lump. So, by Leibniz’s11 Law, the two are never identical.
- I’m suspicious of any TE involving artefacts12.
- See also the Note on modality13.
- I intend to cover this topic in Chapter_414 along with the other deviant approaches to Identity.
- For a page of Links15 to this Note, Click here.
- Works on – or related to (maybe only tangentially) – this topic that I’ve actually read16, include17 the following:-
- "Baker (Lynne Rudder) - The Very Idea of Constitution", Baker
- "Gibbard (Allan) - Contingent Identity", Gibbard
- "Hershenov (David) - Review of Nancy Murphy's 'Bodies and Souls, or Spirited Bodies?'", Hershenov
- "Lewis (David) - Counterparts of Persons and Their Bodies", Lewis
- "Shoemaker (David) - Personal Identity, Rational Anticipation, and Self-Concern", Shoemaker
- "Thomas (Janice L.) - Criticisms of materialism - is the physical enough?", Thomas
- "Zimmerman (Dean) - Bodily Resurrection: The Falling Elevator Model Revisited", Zimmerman
- A reading list (where not covered elsewhere) might start with:-
- "Akiba (Ken) - Identity Is Simple", Akiba
- "Carter (William) - Contingent Identity and Rigid Designation", Carter
- "Carter (William) - On Contingent Identity and Temporal Worms", Carter
- "Castaneda (Hector-Neri) - Intensionality and Identity in Human Action and Philosophical Method", Castaneda
- "Correia (Fabrice) - Comments on Varzi", Correia
- "Gallois (Andre) - Rigid Designation and the Contingency of Identity", Gallois
- "Hawthorne (John) - Identity", Hawthorne
- "Keefe (Rosanna) - Contingent Identity and Vague Identity", Keefe
- "Kripke (Saul) - Identity and Necessity", Kripke
- "Lowe (E.J.) - Necessity and Identity", Lowe
- "Miller (Kristie) - The Metaphysical Equivalence of Non-Unitary Three- and Four-dimensionalism", Miller
- "Noonan (Harold) - Identity", Noonan
- "Noonan (Harold) - Indeterminate Identity, Contingent Identity and Abelardian Predicates", Noonan
- "Ramachandran (Murali) - An Alternative Translation Scheme For Counterpart Theory", Ramachandran
- "Robinson (Denis) - Re-Identifying Matter", Robinson
- "Salmon (Nathan) - Principles of Cross-World Identification", Salmon
- "Stalnaker (Robert) - Counterparts and Identity", Stalnaker
- "Yablo (Stephen) - Identity, Essence, and Indiscernibility", Yablo
- This is mostly a place-holder18.
- This is the write-up as it was when this Abstract was last output, with text as at the timestamp indicated (19/08/2018 23:13:55).
- Link to Latest Write-Up Note.
Footnote 6: I’m not sure if this is the correct terminology.
- A number of my philosophical Notes are “promissory notes” currently only listing the books and papers (if any) I possess on the topic concerned.
- I’ve decided to add some text – whether by way of motivation, or something more substantive – for all these identified topics related to my Thesis.
- As I want to do this fairly quickly, the text may be confused or show surprising ignorance.
- The reader (if such exists) will have to bear with me, and display the principle of charity while this footnote exists.
Footnote 7: Or at least was brought to my attention as an undergraduate.
- If only a “non-updating” run has been made, the links are only one-way – ie. from the page of links to the objects that reference this Note by mentioning the appropriate key-word(s). The links are also only indicative, as they haven’t yet been confirmed as relevant.
- Once an updating run has been made, links are both ways, and links from this Notes page (from the “Authors, Books & Papers Citing this Note” and “Summary of Note Links to this Page” sections) are to the “point of link” within the page rather than to the page generically. Links from the “links page” remain generic.
- There are two sorts of updating runs – for Notes and other Objects. The reason for this is that Notes are archived, and too many archived versions would be created if this process were repeatedly run.
- Frequently I’ll have made copious marginal annotations, and sometimes have written up a review-note.
- In the former case, I intend to transfer the annotations into electronic form as soon as I can find the time.
- In the latter case, I will have remarked on the fact against the citation, and will integrate the comments into this Note in due course.
- My intention is to incorporate into these Notes comments on material I’ve already read rather than engage with unread material at this stage.
- I may have read others in between updates of this Note – in which case they will be marked as such in the “References and Reading List” below.
- Papers or Books partially read have a rough %age based on the time spent versus the time expected.
Text Colour Conventions (see disclaimer)
- Blue: Text by me; © Theo Todman, 2019