- This pseudo-Paper is intended as the mechanism to record time spent on the Note 'Contingent Identity1' during my Thesis research, as from 2011.
- For the actual time recorded, click on "Paper Summary" above.
Write-up2 (as at 04/07/2015 17:41:17): Contingent Identity
- The orthodox approach to the Logic4 of Identity is to treat it as a necessary equivalence relation. I follow this approach.
- However, in response to various TEs5, deviant forms6 of Identity have been devised, and some are still popular.
- Contingent Identity arose7 in the paper by Alan Gibbard listed below, which considers the TE of the Statue and the Clay.
- The TE relates to the topic of Constitution8. We are to consider a statue and the lump of clay of which is constituted. If we arrange things carefully, the two might coincidentally come into and go out of existence at the same time. If so, are they not identical, given that they would seem to have all the same properties? Yet, they might not have been temporally coincident – in the normal case, the lump would be formed first, and only slowly be sculpted into a statue. So, they are only contingently identical, the argument goes. And this TE shows (it is said) that far from being a necessary relation, identity may only contingently hold.
- The logic of identity is so secure that it is sensible to look for other explanations of the TE. Of course, the divination of just what is wrong with the TE are many, which doesn’t necessarily mean that the TE is misleading for any of these reasons.
- Baker9, for instance, has “relation to an art world” as one of the properties the Statue has which is not had by the Lump. So, by Leibniz’s10 Law, the two are never identical.
- I’m suspicious of any TE involving artefacts11.
- See also the Note on modality12.
- I intend to cover this topic in Chapter_413 along with the other deviant approaches to Identity.
- The study-list for this topic would include:-
- "Carter (William) - Contingent Identity and Rigid Designation", Carter
- "Carter (William) - On Contingent Identity and Temporal Worms", Carter
- "Gallois (Andre) - Rigid Designation and the Contingency of Identity", Gallois
- "Gibbard (Allan) - Contingent Identity", Gibbard
- "Keefe (Rosanna) - Contingent Identity and Vague Identity", Keefe
- "Lowe (E.J.) - Necessity and Identity", Lowe
- This is a place-holder14. See the categorised reading-list below.
- This is the write-up as it was when this Abstract was last output, with text as at the timestamp indicated (04/07/2015 17:41:17).
- Link to Latest Write-Up Note.
Footnote 6: I’m not sure if this is the correct terminology.
- A number of my philosophical Notes are “promissory notes” currently only listing the books and papers (if any) I possess on the topic concerned.
- I’ve decided to add some text – whether by way of motivation, or something more substantive – for all these identified topics related to my Thesis.
- As I want to do this fairly quickly, the text may be confused or show surprising ignorance.
- The reader (if such exists) will have to bear with me, and display the principle of charity while this footnote exists.
Footnote 7: Or at least was brought to my attention as an undergraduate.
Text Colour Conventions (see disclaimer)
- Blue: Text by me; © Theo Todman, 2018