- This pseudo-Paper is intended as the mechanism to record time spent on the Note 'Cyborgs1' during my Thesis research, as from 2011.
- For the actual time recorded, click on "Paper Statistics" above.
Write-up2 (as at 03/05/2019 10:59:31): Cyborgs
- Briefly, a Cyborg (Cybernetic Organism) is a human being (or any organic being) with some inorganic parts. See the entry in Wikipedia (Wikipedia: Cyborg).
- Compare and contrast with Android4, which is a humanoid robot.
- See also Siliconisation5, the TE6 wherein we have the gradual replacement of (human) neural tissue with microchips while – allegedly – preserving consciousness.
- And again, connect to Chimeras7. In this case8, biological material from other animals is merged with human tissue to provide an enhancement.
- All of the above is beloved of the Transhumanists9, who want to enhance the human condition by all means possible, even if this means that humans are no longer – strictly speaking – human beings10.
- My interest in Cyborgs stems from the impact of their possibility on the truth of Animalism11.
- If we are (human) animals12, would we continue to exist if increasingly enhanced by technological implants and extensions. I see no immediate problem – just a bit more along the lines of spectacles & hip replacements. But no doubt there would eventually become a tipping point when we become more inorganic than organic. Our persistence conditions13 would then be mixed between those of organisms14 and artefacts15. Or is the situation better described by us shrinking (if our parts are replaced) or – if the technological parts are add-ons – remaining unchanged. Currently we’re unchanged by our spectacles, but hip replacements become part of us. Is this not so?
- For a page of Links16 to this Note, Click here.
- Works on this topic that I’ve actually read17, include18 the following:-
- "Grossman (Lev), Kurzweil (Ray) - 2045: The Year Man Becomes Immortal", Grossman
- "Hawthorne (John X.) - Are You Ready For The Cyborg Technology Coming In 2018?", Hawthorne
- "Iida (Fumiya) - Could we build a Blade Runner-style ‘replicant’?", Iida
- "Jones (D. Gareth) - A Christian Perspective on Human Enhancement", Jones
- "Mayor (Adrienne) - Bio-techne", Mayor
- "O'Connell (Mark) - To be a Machine", O’Connell
- A reading list (where not covered elsewhere) might start with:-
- "Alexander (Denis) - Enhancing humans or a new creation?", Alexander
- "Clark (Andy) - Natural-Born Cyborgs: Minds, Technologies, and the Future of Human Intelligence", Clark
→ "Erickson (Mark) - Review of Andy Clark's 'Natural-Born Cyborgs'", Erickson
→ "Shipley (G.J.) - Review of Andy Clark's 'Natural-Born Cyborgs'", Shipley
- "Clark (Andy) - Re-Inventing Ourselves: The Plasticity of Embodiment, Sensing, and Mind", Clark
- "Clark (Andy) - That Special Something: Dennett on the Making of Minds and Selves", Clark
- "CSC WG - Human Enhancement – A Discussion Document", CSC WG
- "Kaku (Michio) - The Future of the Mind: The Scientific Quest to Understand, Enhance and Empower the Mind (YouTube Lecture)", Kaku
- "Miah (Andy) - Justifying Human Enhancement: The Accumulation of Biocultural Capital", Miah
- "Puccetti (Roland) - Conquest of Death", Puccetti
- This is mostly a place-holder19. As such, I intend to add jottings or notices here as I come across them:-
- Andy Clark: Public Lecture – December 2018 – “We are entering an age of widespread human enhancement. The technologies range from wearable, implantable, and pervasive computing, to new forms of onboard sensing, thought-controlled equipment, personal Artificial Intelligences, intelligent prosthetic limbs, humble but transformative waves of smartphones, and the humanly engineered landscapes of augmented, virtual, and mixed realities. Courtesy of this tidal swell of self-creation, we should start to recognise ourselves not as neatly bounded biological organisms but as repeatedly reconfigurable nodes in a flux of innovation and reinvention. This gives us a new opportunity to look at ourselves, and to ask the fundamental question: Where does the human mind stop, and the rest of the world begin?”
- Maarten Steenhagen: Lecture – November 2018 – Extending Perceptual Capacities: the case of VR – “What happens when we try to extend our capacities to perceive? Can such extensions ever lead to genuinely new forms of perception, or do they at best present cunningly crafted illusions? In this paper I consider the case of virtual reality environments, and the way these can be said to extend visual and perhaps tactile experience. I will defend a version of virtual realism, according to which virtual objects are real objects.”
- This is the write-up as it was when this Abstract was last output, with text as at the timestamp indicated (03/05/2019 10:59:31).
- Link to Latest Write-Up Note.
- A number of my philosophical Notes are “promissory notes” currently only listing the books and papers (if any) I possess on the topic concerned.
- I’ve decided to add some text – whether by way of motivation, or something more substantive – for all these identified topics related to my Thesis.
- As I want to do this fairly quickly, the text may be confused or show surprising ignorance.
- The reader (if such exists) will have to bear with me, and display the principle of charity while this footnote exists.
- There are other situations where human tissue is to be harvested from other animals – after genetic modification or other means – for the purpose of implantation.
- If only a “non-updating” run has been made, the links are only one-way – ie. from the page of links to the objects that reference this Note by mentioning the appropriate key-word(s). The links are also only indicative, as they haven’t yet been confirmed as relevant.
- Once an updating run has been made, links are both ways, and links from this Notes page (from the “Authors, Books & Papers Citing this Note” and “Summary of Note Links to this Page” sections) are to the “point of link” within the page rather than to the page generically. Links from the “links page” remain generic.
- There are two sorts of updating runs – for Notes and other Objects. The reason for this is that Notes are archived, and too many archived versions would be created if this process were repeatedly run.
- Frequently I’ll have made copious marginal annotations, and sometimes have written up a review-note.
- In the former case, I intend to transfer the annotations into electronic form as soon as I can find the time.
- In the latter case, I will have remarked on the fact against the citation, and will integrate the comments into this Note in due course.
- My intention is to incorporate into these Notes comments on material I’ve already read rather than engage with unread material at this stage.
- I may have read others in between updates of this Note – in which case they will be marked as such in the “References and Reading List” below.
- Papers or Books partially read have a rough %age based on the time spent versus the time expected.
Text Colour Conventions (see disclaimer)
- Blue: Text by me; © Theo Todman, 2019
- Mauve: Text by correspondent(s) or other author(s); © the author(s)