<!DOCTYPE html><HTML lang="en"> <head><meta charset="utf-8"> <title>Todman (Theo) - Thesis - Essentialism (Theo Todman's Book Collection - Paper Abstracts) </title> <link href="../../TheosStyle.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"><link rel="shortcut icon" href="../../TT_ICO.png" /></head> <BODY> <CENTER> <div id="header"><HR><h1>Theo Todman's Web Page - Paper Abstracts</h1><HR></div><A name="Top"></A> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_17/PaperSummary_17812.htm">Thesis - Essentialism</A></th></tr> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../Authors/T/Author_Todman (Theo).htm">Todman (Theo)</a></th></tr> <tr><th>Source: </th></tr> <tr><th>Paper - Abstract</th></tr> </TABLE> </CENTER> <P><CENTER><TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=400><tr><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_17/PaperSummary_17812.htm">Paper Summary</A></td><td><A HREF = "../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_70.htm">Link to Latest Write-Up Note</A></td></tr></TABLE></CENTER></P> <hr><P><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><ul type="disc"><li>This pseudo-Paper is intended as the mechanism to record time spent on the Note '<a name="1"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_70.htm">Essentialism</A><SUP>1</SUP>' during my Thesis research, as from 2011. </li><li>For the actual time recorded, click on "Paper Summary" above. </li></ul><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><hr><br><B><u><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P17812_2">Write-up</A></U><SUB>2</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P17812_2"></A></u> (as at 17/08/2018 17:35:31): Essentialism</B><BR><br><u><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P17812_3">Plug Note</A></U><SUB>3</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P17812_3"></A></u><ul type="disc"><li>The topics of relevance to my Thesis to cover under this head will include:- <ol type="1"><li><a name="2"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_85.htm">Mereological essentialism</A><SUP>4</SUP> essentialism; the doctrine that wholes have all their parts essentially  that is, that a whole ceases to exist at the moment it loses or gains a particle, however small; mutatis mutandis for abstract objects. </li><li>A second topic will be <a name="3"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_93.htm">essential properties</A><SUP>5</SUP>; those whose loss causes their owner to cease to exist. </li></ol></li><li><b>Mereological essentialism</b><ol type="i"> <li>Whether we have any essential parts depends on <a name="4"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_7/Notes_734.htm">what we are</A><SUP>6</SUP>. </li><li>If we are fundamentally psychological beings, then it s unclear whether we have proper parts  particularly if we are <a name="5"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_1/Notes_100.htm">souls</A><SUP>7</SUP>  at least Descartes thought we didn t, given that the mind is not extended. However, we would not survive the loss of our <a name="6"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_20.htm">psychology</A><SUP>8</SUP>, but  and this is a problem for any <a name="7"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_1/Notes_114.htm">psychological view</A><SUP>9</SUP>  it is <a name="8"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_1/Notes_122.htm">vague</A><SUP>10</SUP> just how much psychology is enough to ensure our <a name="9"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_14.htm">survival</A><SUP>11</SUP>. </li><li>If we are <a name="10"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_1/Notes_113.htm">organisms</A><SUP>12</SUP>, then we can lose  indeed do lose  all our parts over time, and provided change is gradual, and enough of them are replaced, we persist. There is an argument within the <a name="11"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_24.htm">animalist</A><SUP>13</SUP> camp whether our brains are  just another organ or whether their regulatory function means they are essential to our survival. </li><li>If we are <a name="12"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_55.htm">brains</A><SUP>14</SUP>  or proper parts thereof  then our brains would seem to be essential parts, though there might be some quibbling about whether they might be chiselled down a bit. </li><li><a name="29"></a><A HREF = "../../Authors/C/Author_Chisholm (Roderick).htm">Roderick Chisholm</A> seemed to think we are mereological atoms, though the identity of the atom is obscure. If there is such a thing, it would be our only essential part. </li></ol></li><li><b>Property essentialism</b><ol type="i"> <li>If  being a person is a property that we have, and we are human animals, then  the animalists claim  we would survive even when we no longer qualify as <a name="13"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_9.htm">persons</A><SUP>15</SUP> (and also existed before we became persons). </li><li>Most philosophers who aren t <a name="14"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_50.htm">animalists</A><SUP>16</SUP> say that we are essentially persons, so can t survive if we are no longer persons, or even if our <a name="15"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_92.htm">personality</A><SUP>17</SUP> has changed too radically. Some of our <a name="16"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_11/Notes_1137.htm">mind</A><SUP>18</SUP> s properties may be essential. </li><li>I m not sure whether <a name="30"></a><A HREF = "../../Authors/B/Author_Baker (Lynne Rudder).htm">Lynne Rudder Baker</A> treats the <a name="17"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_22.htm">First Person Perspective</A><SUP>19</SUP> as a property of the person, or the person itself. But, if it is a property, it will be an essential one. </li></ol></li><li>For a page of <U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P17812_20">Links</A></U><SUB>20</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P17812_20"></A> to this Note, <A HREF = "../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_70_Links.htm">Click here</A>. Unfortunately, there are far too many to take advantage of at this stage.</li><li>Works on this topic that <U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P17812_21">I ve actually read</A></U><SUB>21</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P17812_21"></A>, <U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P17812_22">include</A></U><SUB>22</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P17812_22"></A> the following:- <ol type="i"><li>Nothing, apparently!</li></ol></li><li>A reading list (where not covered elsewhere) might start with:- <ol type="i"><li><a name="31"></a>"<A HREF = "../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_06/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_6392.htm">Bottani (Andrea C.), Carrara (Massimiliano) & Giaretta (Pierdaniele), Eds. - Individuals, Essence And Identity: Themes of Analytic Metaphysics</A>", Bottani</li><li><a name="19"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_05/Abstract_5970.htm">Brody (Baruch) - A Theory of Essentialism</A>", Brody</li><li><a name="32"></a>"<A HREF = "../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_01/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_1386.htm">Brody (Baruch) - Identity and Essence</A>", Brody</li><li><a name="20"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_09/Abstract_9292.htm">Brody (Baruch) - Why Settle for Anything Less than Good Old-Fashioned Aristotelian Essentialism</A>", Brody</li><li><a name="21"></a>"<A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_21/PaperSummary_21268.htm">Copi (Irving M.) - Essence and Accident</A>", Copi</li><li><a name="22"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_07/Abstract_7216.htm">Gupta (Anil) - Essentialism and Trans-World Identity</A>", Gupta</li><li><a name="23"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_05/Abstract_5852.htm">Hull (David L.) - The Effect of Essentialism on Taxonomy - Two Thousand Years of Stasis (I)</A>", Hull</li><li><a name="24"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_05/Abstract_5853.htm">Hull (David L.) - The Effect of Essentialism on Taxonomy - Two Thousand Years of Stasis (II)</A>", Hull</li><li><a name="25"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_05/Abstract_5672.htm">Jubien (Michael) - Necessity and Essentialism</A>", Jubien</li><li><a name="26"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_03/Abstract_3476.htm">Lowe (E.J.) - Essentialism</A>", Lowe</li><li><a name="27"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_07/Abstract_7210.htm">Melia (Joseph) - Quinian Scepticism</A>", Melia</li><li><a name="33"></a>"<A HREF = "../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_01/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_1446.htm">Salmon (Nathan) - Reference and Essence</A>", Salmon</li><li><a name="28"></a>"<A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_03/PaperSummary_3736.htm">Wiggins (David) - Identity & Spatio-temporal Continuity: Part 3: Summary of First Two Parts, and Essentialist Postscript</A>", Wiggins</li></ol></li><li>This is mostly a <a name="18"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_7/Notes_737.htm">place-holder</A><SUP>23</SUP>. </li></ul><BR><HR><BR><U><B>In-Page Footnotes</U></B><a name="On-Page_Link_P17812_2"></A><BR><BR><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P17812_2"><B>Footnote 2</A></B></U>: <ul type="disc"><li>This is the write-up as it was when this Abstract was last output, with text as at the timestamp indicated (17/08/2018 17:35:31). </li><li><A HREF = "../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_70.htm">Link to Latest Write-Up Note</A>. </li></ul><a name="On-Page_Link_P17812_3"></A><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P17812_3"><B>Footnote 3</A></B></U>: <ul type="disc"><li>A number of my philosophical Notes are  promissory notes currently only listing the books and papers (if any) I possess on the topic concerned. </li><li>I ve decided to add some text  whether by way of motivation, or something more substantive  for all these identified topics related to my Thesis.</li><li>As I want to do this fairly quickly, the text may be confused or show surprising ignorance. </li><li>The reader (if such exists) will have to bear with me, and display the principle of charity while this footnote exists. </li></ul><a name="On-Page_Link_P17812_20"></A><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P17812_20"><B>Footnote 20</A></B></U>: <ul type="disc"><li>If only a  non-updating run has been made, the links are only one-way  ie. from the page of links to the objects that reference this Note by mentioning the appropriate key-word(s). The links are also only indicative, as they haven t yet been confirmed as relevant. </li><li>Once an updating run has been made, links are both ways, and links from this Notes page (from the  Authors, Books & Papers Citing this Note and  Summary of Note Links to this Page sections) are to the  point of link within the page rather than to the page generically. Links from the  links page remain generic. </li><li>There are two sorts of updating runs  for Notes and other Objects. The reason for this is that Notes are archived, and too many archived versions would be created if this process were repeatedly run. </li></ul> <a name="On-Page_Link_P17812_21"></A><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P17812_21"><B>Footnote 21</A></B></U>: <ul type="disc"><li>Frequently I ll have made copious marginal annotations, and sometimes have written up a review-note. </li><li>In the former case, I intend to transfer the annotations into electronic form as soon as I can find the time. </li><li>In the latter case, I will have remarked on the fact against the citation, and will integrate the comments into this Note in due course. </li><li>My intention is to incorporate into these Notes comments on material I ve already read rather than engage with unread material at this stage. </li></ul><a name="On-Page_Link_P17812_22"></A><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P17812_22"><B>Footnote 22</A></B></U>: <ul type="disc"><li>I may have read others in between updates of this Note  in which case they will be marked as such in the  References and Reading List below.</li><li>Papers or Books partially read have a rough %age based on the time spent versus the time expected. </li></ul> <FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR></P><a name="ColourConventions"></a><p><b>Text Colour Conventions (see <A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1025.htm">disclaimer</a>)</b></p><OL TYPE="1"><LI><FONT COLOR = "0000FF">Blue</FONT>: Text by me; &copy; Theo Todman, 2018</li></OL> <BR><HR><BR><CENTER> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <TR><TD WIDTH="30%">&copy; Theo Todman, June 2007 - August 2018.</TD> <TD WIDTH="40%">Please address any comments on this page to <A HREF="mailto:theo@theotodman.com">theo@theotodman.com</A>.</TD> <TD WIDTH="30%">File output: <time datetime="2018-08-17T21:38" pubdate>17/08/2018 21:38:59</time> <br><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1010.htm">Website Maintenance Dashboard</A></TD></TR> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="#Top">Return to Top of this Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="40%"><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_11/Notes_1140.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Philosophy Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="../../index.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Home Page</A></TD> </TR></TABLE></CENTER><HR> </BODY> </HTML>