- This pseudo-Paper is intended as the mechanism to record time spent on the Note 'Fetuses1' during my Thesis research, as from 2011.
- For the actual time recorded, click on "Paper Summary" above.
Write-up2 (as at 15/07/2018 19:00:29): Fetuses
- Fetuses feature a lot in the philosophy of personal identity.
- Are they persons, or merely potential persons, given that they probably fail the conditions for personhood4?
- Was I5 ever a fetus? At least, was I an early-term fetus?
- This latter question is alleged by animalists6 – who think that we were indeed foetuses – to be a poser for supporters of the psychological view7 (or constitution view8) of personal identity (since fetuses lack psychological connectedness9 to adult persons, and even lack psychological continuity10 to them on the presumption that early-term fetuses lack all psychological experience).
- But, it’s also alleged as a problem for animalism11, or at least not properly addressed. What was the relation of the fetus to its mother. Was the mother merely a container, or was the fetus a proper part of the mother, who thereby fissioned12 on the baby’s birth? See Elselijn Kingma and "Finn (Suki) - Bun or bump?".
- While the impact of the metaphysical status of the fetus has a major bearing on its rights (if any) and on the abortion question, these serious topics aren’t part of the scope of my Thesis, so won’t be addressed except in so far as they make metaphysical claims or assumptions.
- Before addressing all these issues, I need to be clear on what the fetus is. See my notes on Zygotes13 and the Embryo14. Basically, a Fetus is a developing but unborn mammal subsequent to implantation and maybe some further development. 11 weeks is taken to be the start time in humans.
- For a page of Links15 to this Note, Click here.
- Works on this topic that I’ve actually read16, include17 the following:-
- "Anscombe (G.E.M.) - Embryos and Final Causes", Anscombe
- "Baker (Lynne Rudder) - The Coherence Of the Constitution View of Human Persons", Baker
- "Baker (Lynne Rudder) - What Am I?", Baker
- "Baker (Lynne Rudder) - When Do Persons Begin and End?", Baker
- "Brody (Baruch) - Abortion and the Sanctity of Human Life: Introduction", Brody
- "Brody (Baruch) - Abortion and the Sanctity of Human Life: Epilogue", Brody
- "Carter (William) - Do Zygotes Become People?", Carter
- "DeGrazia (David) - Human Identity and Bioethics: Introduction", DeGrazia
- "Feldman (Fred) - Abortion and the Failure to Conceive", Feldman
- "Finn (Suki) - Bun or bump?", Finn
- "Francescotti (Robert) - Fetuses, corpses and the psychological approach to personal identity", Francescotti
- "Kazez (Jean) - Life Doesn't Begin at Conception", Kazez
- "Kazez (Jean) - The Philosophical Parent: Asking the Hard Questions About Having and Raising Children", Kazez
- "Kingma (Elselijn) - BUMP: Better Understanding the Metaphysics of Pregnancy (B1)", Kingma
- "Koch (Cristof) - When Does Consciousness Arise in Human Babies?", Koch
- "Lockwood (Michael) - When Does a Life Begin?", Lockwood
- "Olson (Eric) - Persistence", Olson
- "Olson (Eric) - Reply to Lynne Rudder Baker", Olson
- "Olson (Eric) - Was I Ever a Fetus?", Olson
- "Olson (Eric) - Was I Ever a Fetus? (Human Animal)", Olson
- "Shoemaker (David) - Embryos, Souls, and the Fourth Dimension", Shoemaker
- "Shoemaker (David) - Personal Identity, Rational Anticipation, and Self-Concern", Shoemaker
- "Shoemaker (David) - Personal Identity and Ethics - Introduction", Shoemaker
- "Velleman (David) - Beyond Price: Essays on Life and Death - Introduction", Velleman
- "Wilkes (Kathleen) - Infants and Foetuses", Wilkes
- A reading list (where not covered elsewhere) might start with:-
- "Bermudez (Jose Luis) - The Moral Significance of Birth", Bermudez
- "Chisholm (Roderick) - Coming Into Being and Passing Away: Can the Metaphysician Help?", Chisholm
- "Engelhardt (H. Tristram) - The Ontology of Abortion", Engelhardt
- "English (Jane) - Abortion and the Concept of a Person", English
- "Flower (Michael J.) - Neuromaturation and the Moral Status of Human Fetal Life", Flower
- "Forrester (Mary) - Persons, Animals, and Fetuses: Summary", Forrester18
- "Forrester (Mary) - The Central Feature of Personhood", Forrester
- "Forrester (Mary) - Should Fetuses be Extended Persons?", Forrester
- "Forrester (Mary) - The Human Fetus: Introduction", Forrester
- "Gallagher (Shaun) - The Moral Significance of Primitive Self-Consciousness: A Response to Bermudez", Gallagher
- "Giubilini (Alberto) & Minerva (Francesca) - After-birth abortion: why should the baby live?", Giubilini & Minerva
→ "Manninen (Bertha Alvarez) - Yes, the baby should live: a pro-choice response to Giubilini and Minerva"
- "Grobstein (Clifford) - Science and the Unborn: Choosing Human Futures", Grobstein19
- "Hershenov (David) - Abortions and Distortions: An Analysis of Morally Irrelevant Factors in Thomson's Violinist Thought Experiment.", Hershenov
- "Hershenov (David) - Olson's Embryo Problem", Hershenov
- "Jones (D. Gareth) - The Human Embryo: Between Oblivion and Meaningful Life", Jones
- "Kingma (Elselijn) - Were You Part of Your Mother?", Kingma
- "Marquis (Don) - Why Abortion is Immoral", Marquis
- "McInerney (Peter K.) - Does a Fetus Already Have a Future-Like-Ours", McInerney
- "Moreland (J.P.) & Rae (Scott) - The Moral & Metaphysical Status of the Unborn: Abortion and Fetal Research", Moreland+Rae20
- "Morowitz (Harold J.) & Trefil (James) - The Facts of Life: Science and the Abortion Controversy", Morowitz
- "Olson (Eric) - Was I Ever a Fetus? ('New Version')", Olson
- "Page (Edgar) - Neonates, Persons and the Right to Life", Page
- "Persson (Ingmar) - Harming the Non-conscious", Persson
- "Stone (Jim) - Why Potentiality Matters", Stone
- "Thomson (Judith Jarvis) - A Defense of Abortion", Thomson
- "Tooley (Michael) - Abortion", Tooley
- "Wreen (Michael J.) - The Standing is Slippery", Wreen
- This is mostly a place-holder21.
- This is the write-up as it was when this Abstract was last output, with text as at the timestamp indicated (15/07/2018 19:00:29).
- Link to Latest Write-Up Note.
- A number of my philosophical Notes are “promissory notes” currently only listing the books and papers (if any) I possess on the topic concerned.
- I’ve decided to add some text – whether by way of motivation, or something more substantive – for all these identified topics related to my Thesis.
- As I want to do this fairly quickly, the text may be confused or show surprising ignorance.
- The reader (if such exists) will have to bear with me, and display the principle of charity while this footnote exists.
- If only a “non-updating” run has been made, the links are only one-way – ie. from the page of links to the objects that reference this Note by mentioning the appropriate key-word(s). The links are also only indicative, as they haven’t yet been confirmed as relevant.
- Once an updating run has been made, links are both ways, and links from this Notes page (from the “Authors, Books & Papers Citing this Note” and “Summary of Note Links to this Page” sections) are to the “point of link” within the page rather than to the page generically. Links from the “links page” remain generic.
- There are two sorts of updating runs – for Notes and other Objects. The reason for this is that Notes are archived, and too many archived versions would be created if this process were repeatedly run.
- Frequently I’ll have made copious marginal annotations, and sometimes have written up a review-note.
- In the former case, I intend to transfer the annotations into electronic form as soon as I can find the time.
- In the latter case, I will have remarked on the fact against the citation, and will integrate the comments into this Note in due course.
- My intention is to incorporate into these Notes comments on material I’ve already read rather than engage with unread material at this stage.
Footnote 18: Footnote 19: Footnote 20:
- I may have read others in between updates of this Note – in which case they will be marked as such in the “References and Reading List” below.
- Papers or Books partially read have a rough %age based on the time spent versus the time expected.
- This may be a bridge too far as Moreland & Rae’s view rests on the existence of Souls.
Text Colour Conventions (see disclaimer)
- Blue: Text by me; © Theo Todman, 2018