- This pseudo-Paper is intended as the mechanism to record time spent on the Note 'Homo Sapiens1' during my Thesis research, as from 2011.
- For the actual time recorded, click on "Paper Statistics" above.
Write-up2 (as at 29/05/2020 21:33:07): Homo Sapiens
- If animalism4 is correct – and we are human animals – then we are members of the species homo sapiens.
- Also relevant is Stephan Blatti’s “Animal Ancestors” Argument for Animalism (see "Blatti (Stephan) - A New Argument for Animalism", etc.).
- Consequently, this Note probably ought to say something about the nature of species, their reality and their status as natural kind5 concepts.
- I ought also to investigate human evolution, and investigate answers to the question of just when our hominid ancestors became persons6.
- As these ancestors are all gone, investigation of the capacities of our nearest neighbours – the great apes – must often make do as a proxy, though consideration of these will be covered under my Note on Animal Rights7.
- I just note here the contentions – in "Diamond (Jared) - The Rise and Fall of the Third Chimpanzee: How Our Animal Heritage Affects the Way We Live" – that the genus “homo” ought to include chimpanzees and gorillas.
- I also note the discussions on Neanderthals and their relation to – and possible interbreeding8 with – modern humans. Were Neanderthals9 persons10, and are they human, or examples of non-human persons11.
- I don’t think it’s a conceptual truth that the only persons are human persons12. Consequently, I do not deny personhood to extinct hominids, or (possibly) to the great apes, dolphins, Klingons, machines, gods, angels and such-like.
- However, I do think it’s an empirical truth that the only persons whose personhood we reliably know anything about are human persons, members of the species homo sapiens so think we should start there.
- Also, my main interest is in human persons, so this will be my initial focus.
- Since, I will need to consider whether human persons can exist in non-human bodies13 (transmigration14, siliconisation15, resurrection16 bodies) or even as disembodied17 minds18, I will need to move on from this base camp.
- For a Page of Links19 to this Note, Click here.
- Works on this topic that I’ve actually read20 include the following:-
- "Krause (Johannes) - Our Ancestral Cave Gets More Crowded", Krause
- "McKie (Robin) - Out of Africa: The Sequel", McKie
- "Olson (Eric) - Human People Or Human Animals", Olson
- A further reading list might start with:-
- "Berry (R.J.) & Noble (T.A.) - Darwin, Creation and the Fall", Berry
- "De Waal (Frans) - Our Inner Ape: The Best and Worst of Human Nature", De Waal
- "De Waal (Frans) - Primates and Philosophers: How Morality Evolved", De Waal
- "De Waal (Frans) - The Ape and the Sushi Master: Cultural Reflections of a Primatologist", De Waal
- "Diamond (Jared) - The Rise and Fall of the Third Chimpanzee: How Our Animal Heritage Affects the Way We Live", Diamond
- "Eccles (John) - Evolution of the Brain, Creation of the Self", Eccles
- "Ghiselin (Michael) - Metaphysics and the Origin of Species", Ghiselin
- "Harari (Yuval Noah) - Sapiens: A Brief History of Humankind", Harari
- "Hartl (Daniel L.) - Our Uncertain Heritage: Genetics & Human Diversity", Hartl
- "Johanson (Donald) & Shreeve (James) - Lucy's Child: The Discovery of a Human Ancestor", Johanson
- "Kitcher (Patricia) - Natural Kinds and Unnatural Persons", Kitcher
- "LaPorte (Joseph) - Essential Membership", LaPorte
- "Lieberman (Philip) - Eve Spoke - Human Language and Human Evolution", Lieberman
- "Savage-Rumbaugh (E.Sue) & Lewin (Roger) - Kanzi: Ape at the Brink of the Human Mind", Savage-Rumbaugh
→ "Pearce (E.K. Victor) - Review of 'Kanzi: Ape at the Brink of the Human Mind' by Sue Savage-Rumbaugh & Roger Lewin"
- "Schick (Kathy D.) & Toth (Nicholas) - Making Silent Stones Speak: Human Evolution and the Dawn of Technology", Schick
- "Suddendorf (Thomas) - The Gap", Suddendorf
- "Tattersall (Ian), Delson (Eric) & Van Couvering (John), Eds. - Encyclopaedia of Human Evolution and Prehistory", Tattersall
- "Young (J.Z.) - An Introduction to the Study of Man", Young
- This is mostly a place-holder21.
- This is the write-up as it was when this Abstract was last output, with text as at the timestamp indicated (29/05/2020 21:33:07).
- Link to Latest Write-Up Note.
- If this is possible – and it is claimed that 4% of the non-African human genome is Neanderthal (see the end of Aeon: Kohn - The Neanderthal mind, an Aeon paper – what has this to say about the status of Neanderthals? If they could interbreed with modern humans and produce fertile offspring, how could they be a separate species to homo sapiens?
Text Colour Conventions (see disclaimer)
- Blue: Text by me; © Theo Todman, 2020