<!DOCTYPE html><HTML lang="en"> <head><meta charset="utf-8"> <title>Todman (Theo) - Thesis - Life (Theo Todman's Book Collection - Paper Abstracts) </title> <link href="../../TheosStyle.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"><link rel="shortcut icon" href="../../TT_ICO.png" /></head> <BODY> <CENTER> <div id="header"><HR><h1>Theo Todman's Web Page - Paper Abstracts</h1><HR></div><A name="Top"></A> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_17/PaperSummary_17835.htm">Thesis - Life</A></th></tr> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../Authors/T/Author_Todman (Theo).htm">Todman (Theo)</a></th></tr> <tr><th>Source: </th></tr> <tr><th>Paper - Abstract</th></tr> </TABLE> </CENTER> <P><CENTER><TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=400><tr><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_17/PaperSummary_17835.htm">Paper Summary</A></td><td><A HREF = "../../Notes/Notes_9/Notes_942.htm">Link to Latest Write-Up Note</A></td></tr></TABLE></CENTER></P> <hr><P><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><ul type="disc"><li>This pseudo-Paper is intended as the mechanism to record time spent on the Note '<a name="1"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_9/Notes_942.htm">Life</A><SUP>1</SUP>' during my Thesis research, as from 2011. </li><li>For the actual time recorded, click on "Paper Summary" above. </li></ul><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><hr><br><B><u><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P17835_2">Write-up</A></U><SUB>2</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P17835_2"></A></u> (as at 11/03/2018 20:19:41): Life</B><BR><br><u><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P17835_3">Plug Note</A></U><SUB>3</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P17835_3"></A></u><ul type="disc"><li>There are (at least) two sub-topics that fall under this topic:- <ul type="square"><li><b>Lives</b>: Life as an (extended) event  the career of an individual. </li><li><b>Life</b>: Life as a biological process. </li></ul></li><li>I assume that lives can be had by individuals that do not have (biological) life, but think it unhelpful to talk of non-biological individuals as  alive , except in a figurative sense. </li><li>Life  and its correlate, <a name="2"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_67.htm">death</A><SUP>4</SUP>  is a biological process, on which the word of the biologist (maybe as clarified by the philosopher) is final. </li><li>So, interesting philosophical questions about <b>Life</b> include:- <ul type="square"><li>Just what is (biological) life? </li><li>When does biological life begin? This is presumably an empirical question, the answer to which will vary from species to species. </li><li>Are there borderline cases of life?</li><li>When does life cease? Again, the answer to this question will be species-dependent. </li><li>Can life <a name="3"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_78.htm">intermit</A><SUP>5</SUP>? Does it make sense to say that so-and-so died (on the operating table, say) and then revived? </li></ul> </li><li>Interesting philosophical questions about <b>Lives</b> include:- <ul type="square"><li>How are lives individuated? </li><li>What sort of things can have lives? </li><li>How closely coupled is the life of a human <a name="4"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_1/Notes_113.htm">organism</A><SUP>6</SUP> with the life of a human <a name="5"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_9.htm">person</A><SUP>7</SUP>?</li><li>Can a life lived courtesy of a human organism be continued after the death of that organism? </li></ul></li><li>A starting point for <b>Life</b> is <a name="9"></a>"<A HREF = "../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_01/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_1337.htm">Wilson (Jack) - Biological Individuality - The identity and Persistence of Living Entities</A>".</li><li>Similarly, for <b>Lives</b>: <a name="8"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_04/Abstract_4876.htm">Wollheim (Richard) - Living</A>", from <a name="10"></a>"<A HREF = "../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_00/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_270.htm">Wollheim (Richard) - The Thread of Life</A>". </li><li>For a discussion of the possibility of Life after Death, see this <a name="6"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_9/Notes_978.htm">Note</A><SUP>8</SUP>. </li><li>Works on this topic that <U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P17835_9">I ve actually read</A></U><SUB>9</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P17835_9"></A>, <U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P17835_10">include</A></U><SUB>10</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P17835_10"></A> the following:- <ol type="i"><li></li></ol></li><li>A reading list (where not covered elsewhere) might start with:- <ol type="i"><li></li></ol></li><li>This is mostly a <a name="7"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_7/Notes_737.htm">place-holder</A><SUP>11</SUP>. Currently, mainly see the rather bloated reading list below. </li></ul><BR><HR><BR><U><B>In-Page Footnotes</U></B><a name="On-Page_Link_P17835_2"></A><BR><BR><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P17835_2"><B>Footnote 2</A></B></U>: <ul type="disc"><li>This is the write-up as it was when this Abstract was last output, with text as at the timestamp indicated (11/03/2018 20:19:41). </li><li><A HREF = "../../Notes/Notes_9/Notes_942.htm">Link to Latest Write-Up Note</A>. </li></ul><a name="On-Page_Link_P17835_3"></A><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P17835_3"><B>Footnote 3</A></B></U>: <ul type="disc"><li>A number of my philosophical Notes are  promissory notes currently only listing the books and papers (if any) I possess on the topic concerned. </li><li>I ve decided to add some text  whether by way of motivation, or something more substantive  for all these identified topics related to my Thesis.</li><li>As I want to do this fairly quickly, the text may be confused or show surprising ignorance. </li><li>The reader (if such exists) will have to bear with me, and display the principle of charity while this footnote exists. </li></ul><a name="On-Page_Link_P17835_9"></A><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P17835_9"><B>Footnote 9</A></B></U>: <ul type="disc"><li>Frequently I ll have made copious marginal annotations, and sometimes have written up a review-note. </li><li>In the former case, I intend to transfer the annotations into electronic form as soon as I can find the time. </li><li>In the latter case, I will have remarked on the fact against the citation, and will integrate the comments into this Note in due course. </li><li>My intention is to incorporate into these Notes comments on material I ve already read rather than engage with unread material at this stage. </li></ul><a name="On-Page_Link_P17835_10"></A><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P17835_10"><B>Footnote 10</A></B></U>: <ul type="disc"><li>I may have read others in between updates of this Note  in which case they will be marked as such in the  References and Reading List below.</li><li>Papers or Books partially read have a rough %age based on the time spent versus the time expected. </li></ul> <FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR></P><a name="ColourConventions"></a><p><b>Text Colour Conventions (see <A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1025.htm">disclaimer</a>)</b></p><OL TYPE="1"><LI><FONT COLOR = "0000FF">Blue</FONT>: Text by me; &copy; Theo Todman, 2018</li></OL> <BR><HR><BR><CENTER> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <TR><TD WIDTH="30%">&copy; Theo Todman, June 2007 - August 2018.</TD> <TD WIDTH="40%">Please address any comments on this page to <A HREF="mailto:theo@theotodman.com">theo@theotodman.com</A>.</TD> <TD WIDTH="30%">File output: <time datetime="2018-08-13T13:21" pubdate>13/08/2018 13:21:05</time> <br><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1010.htm">Website Maintenance Dashboard</A></TD></TR> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="#Top">Return to Top of this Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="40%"><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_11/Notes_1140.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Philosophy Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="../../index.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Home Page</A></TD> </TR></TABLE></CENTER><HR> </BODY> </HTML>