- This pseudo-Paper is intended as the mechanism to record time spent on the Note 'Natural Kinds1' during my Thesis research, as from 2011.
- For the actual time recorded, click on "Paper Statistics" above.
Write-up2 (as at 17/08/2018 17:35:31): Natural Kinds
- This Note is a subsidiary note to that on Kinds4.
- A kind is a way of categorising things.
- Some ways of categorising things are more “natural” than others – ie they reflect the way the world is, rather than the way we and our interests are. Natural kinds “carve the world at the joints”.
- So, toothbrushes form a kind, but it is not a natural kind, whereas lions form a natural kind, as does gold.
- I have some questions5 on Natural Kinds related to the topic of PID:-
- Is the concept of a PERSON6 a natural kind concept?
- Can PERSON be analysed in terms of other concepts, or do we presuppose it?
- See, for example, "Madell (Geoffrey) - The Identity of the Self" for the alleged unanalysability of the concept PERSON.
- Maybe I should cover under this head whether SENTIENT BEING (or RATIONAL BEING) is the natural kind concept, and that PERSON, with its social / legal / moral overtones, is something cultures assign.
- Even so, the concept HUMAN ANIMAL7 is really the natural kind concept, exemplars of which gains or lose the properties8 of sentience, rationality, and even the first-person perspective9.
- When does a natural kind come into existence? Natural kinds are concepts, and such questions are controversial. Side-step this question and simply talk about when the concept becomes instantiated.
- For a page of Links10 to this Note, Click here.
- Works on this topic that I’ve actually read11, include12 the following:-
- "Arnold (Keith) - The Subject of Radical Change", Arnold
- "Baillie (James) - Identity, Survival, and Sortal Concepts", Baillie
- "Baillie (James) - What Am I?", Baillie
- "Kripke (Saul) - Naming and Necessity: Lecture III", Kripke
- "Reid (Jasper) - Kripke on Naming and Necessity (Course Notes)", Reid
- "Salmon (Nathan) - Reference and Essence - Prefaces & Introduction", Salmon
- "Schwartz (Stephen P.) - Naming, Necessity and Natural Kinds: Introduction", Schwartz
- "Wiggins (David) - Locke, Butler and the Stream of Consciousness: And Men as Natural Kind", Wiggins
- "Wilson (Jack) - Biological Individuality - The identity and Persistence of Living Entities", Wilson
- The study-list for Natural Kinds could be quite extensive, based on the categorised reading list, so I’ve been highly selective. Probably best to start with "Bird (Alexander) & Tobin (Emma) - Natural Kinds" and then:-
- "Bird (Alexander) & Tobin (Emma) - Natural Kinds", Bird & Tobin
- "Brown (Jessica) - Natural Kind Terms and Recognitional Capacities", Brown
- "Dupre (John) - The Disorder of Things: Metaphysical Foundations of the Disunity of Science", Dupre
- "Dupre (John) - Is 'Natural Kind' a Natural Kind Term?", Dupre
- "Ereshefsky (Marc) - Bridging the Gap between Human Kinds and Biological Kinds", Ereshefsky
- "Hawley (Katherine) & Bird (Alexander) - What are Natural Kinds?", Hawley&Bird
- "Hirsch (Eli) - Natural Kinds and Natural Units", Hirsch
- "Kitcher (Patricia) - Natural Kinds and Unnatural Persons", Kitcher
- "LaPorte (Joseph) - Natural Kinds and Conceptual Change: Introduction", LaPorte
- "Mellor (D.H.) - Natural Kinds", Mellor
- "Quine (W.V.) - Natural Kinds", Quine
- "Wilkerson (T.E.) - Natural Kinds", Wilkerson
→ "Daly (Chris) - Review. Natural kinds. T.E. Wilkerson"
→ "Dupre (John) - Wilkerson on Natural Kinds"
→ "Elder (Crawford) - Review. Natural kinds. T.E. Wilkerson"
- This is mostly a place-holder13.
- This is the write-up as it was when this Abstract was last output, with text as at the timestamp indicated (17/08/2018 17:35:31).
- Link to Latest Write-Up Note.
Footnote 5: These are rather old, and need careful reviewing
- A number of my philosophical Notes are “promissory notes” currently only listing the books and papers (if any) I possess on the topic concerned.
- I’ve decided to add some text – whether by way of motivation, or something more substantive – for all these identified topics related to my Thesis.
- As I want to do this fairly quickly, the text may be confused or show surprising ignorance.
- The reader (if such exists) will have to bear with me, and display the principle of charity while this footnote exists.
- If only a “non-updating” run has been made, the links are only one-way – ie. from the page of links to the objects that reference this Note by mentioning the appropriate key-word(s). The links are also only indicative, as they haven’t yet been confirmed as relevant.
- Once an updating run has been made, links are both ways, and links from this Notes page (from the “Authors, Books & Papers Citing this Note” and “Summary of Note Links to this Page” sections) are to the “point of link” within the page rather than to the page generically. Links from the “links page” remain generic.
- There are two sorts of updating runs – for Notes and other Objects. The reason for this is that Notes are archived, and too many archived versions would be created if this process were repeatedly run.
- Frequently I’ll have made copious marginal annotations, and sometimes have written up a review-note.
- In the former case, I intend to transfer the annotations into electronic form as soon as I can find the time.
- In the latter case, I will have remarked on the fact against the citation, and will integrate the comments into this Note in due course.
- My intention is to incorporate into these Notes comments on material I’ve already read rather than engage with unread material at this stage.
- I may have read others in between updates of this Note – in which case they will be marked as such in the “References and Reading List” below.
- Papers or Books partially read have a rough %age based on the time spent versus the time expected.
Text Colour Conventions (see disclaimer)
- Blue: Text by me; © Theo Todman, 2020