<!DOCTYPE html><HTML lang="en"> <head><meta charset="utf-8"> <title>Todman (Theo) - Thesis - Natural Kinds (Theo Todman's Book Collection - Paper Abstracts) </title> <link href="../../TheosStyle.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"><link rel="shortcut icon" href="../../TT_ICO.png" /></head> <BODY> <CENTER> <div id="header"><HR><h1>Theo Todman's Web Page - Paper Abstracts</h1><HR></div><A name="Top"></A> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_17/PaperSummary_17846.htm">Thesis - Natural Kinds</A></th></tr> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../Authors/T/Author_Todman (Theo).htm">Todman (Theo)</a></th></tr> <tr><th>Source: </th></tr> <tr><th>Paper - Abstract</th></tr> </TABLE> </CENTER> <P><CENTER><TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=400><tr><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_17/PaperSummary_17846.htm">Paper Summary</A></td><td><A HREF = "../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_27.htm">Link to Latest Write-Up Note</A></td></tr></TABLE></CENTER></P> <hr><P><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><ul type="disc"><li>This pseudo-Paper is intended as the mechanism to record time spent on the Note '<a name="1"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_27.htm">Natural Kinds</A><SUP>1</SUP>' during my Thesis research, as from 2011. </li><li>For the actual time recorded, click on "Paper Summary" above. </li></ul><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><hr><br><B><u><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P17846_2">Write-up</A></U><SUB>2</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P17846_2"></A></u> (as at 17/08/2018 17:35:31): Natural Kinds</B><BR><br><u><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P17846_3">Plug Note</A></U><SUB>3</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P17846_3"></A></u><ul type="disc"><li>This Note is a subsidiary note to that on <a name="2"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_80.htm">Kinds</A><SUP>4</SUP>. <ol type="i"><li>A kind is a way of categorising things. </li><li>Some ways of categorising things are more  natural than others  ie they reflect the way the world is, rather than the way we and our interests are. Natural kinds  carve the world at the joints . </li><li>So, toothbrushes form a kind, but it is not a natural kind, whereas lions form a natural kind, as does gold. </li></ol></li><li>I have <U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P17846_5">some questions</A></U><SUB>5</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P17846_5"></A> on Natural Kinds related to the topic of PID:- <ol type="i"><li>Is the concept of a <a name="3"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_9.htm">PERSON</A><SUP>6</SUP> a natural kind concept? </li><li>Can PERSON be analysed in terms of other concepts, or do we presuppose it? </li><li>See, for example, <a name="30"></a>"<A HREF = "../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_00/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_645.htm">Madell (Geoffrey) - The Identity of the Self</A>" for the alleged unanalysability of the concept PERSON. </li><li>Maybe I should cover under this head whether SENTIENT BEING (or RATIONAL BEING) is the natural kind concept, and that PERSON, with its social / legal / moral overtones, is something cultures assign. </li><li>Even so, the concept <a name="4"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_30.htm">HUMAN ANIMAL</A><SUP>7</SUP> is really the natural kind concept, exemplars of which gains or lose the <a name="5"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_93.htm">properties</A><SUP>8</SUP> of sentience, rationality, and even the <a name="6"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_22.htm">first-person perspective</A><SUP>9</SUP>. </li></ol></li><li>When does a natural kind come into existence? Natural kinds are concepts, and such questions are controversial. Side-step this question and simply talk about when the concept becomes instantiated.</li><li>For a page of <U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P17846_10">Links</A></U><SUB>10</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P17846_10"></A> to this Note, <A HREF = "../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_27_Links.htm">Click here</A>.</li><li>Works on this topic that <U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P17846_11">I ve actually read</A></U><SUB>11</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P17846_11"></A>, <U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P17846_12">include</A></U><SUB>12</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P17846_12"></A> the following:- <ol type="i"><li><a name="8"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_15/Abstract_15869.htm">Arnold (Keith) - The Subject of Radical Change</A>", Arnold</li><li><a name="9"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_05/Abstract_5108.htm">Baillie (James) - Identity, Survival, and Sortal Concepts</A>", Baillie</li><li><a name="10"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_03/Abstract_3803.htm">Baillie (James) - What Am I?</A>", Baillie</li><li><a name="11"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_06/Abstract_6828.htm">Kripke (Saul) - Naming and Necessity: Lecture III</A>", Kripke</li><li><a name="12"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_07/Abstract_7546.htm">Reid (Jasper) - Kripke on Naming and Necessity (Course Notes)</A>", Reid</li><li><a name="13"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_07/Abstract_7548.htm">Salmon (Nathan) - Reference and Essence - Prefaces & Introduction</A>", Salmon</li><li><a name="14"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_21/Abstract_21184.htm">Schwartz (Stephen P.) - Naming, Necessity and Natural Kinds: Introduction</A>", Schwartz</li><li><a name="15"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_00/Abstract_544.htm">Wiggins (David) - Locke, Butler and the Stream of Consciousness: And Men as Natural Kind</A>", Wiggins</li><li><a name="31"></a>"<A HREF = "../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_01/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_1337.htm">Wilson (Jack) - Biological Individuality - The identity and Persistence of Living Entities</A>", Wilson </li></ol></li><li>The study-list for Natural Kinds could be quite extensive, based on the categorised reading list, so I ve been highly selective. Probably best to start with <a name="16"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_21/Abstract_21723.htm">Bird (Alexander) & Tobin (Emma) - Natural Kinds</A>" and then:- <ol type="i"><li><a name="17"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_21/Abstract_21723.htm">Bird (Alexander) & Tobin (Emma) - Natural Kinds</A>", Bird & Tobin</li><li><a name="18"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_04/Abstract_4341.htm">Brown (Jessica) - Natural Kind Terms and Recognitional Capacities</A>", Brown</li><li><a name="32"></a>"<A HREF = "../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_00/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_299.htm">Dupre (John) - The Disorder of Things: Metaphysical Foundations of the Disunity of Science</A>", Dupre</li><li><a name="19"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_07/Abstract_7412.htm">Dupre (John) - Is 'Natural Kind' a Natural Kind Term?</A>", Dupre</li><li><a name="20"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_07/Abstract_7406.htm">Ereshefsky (Marc) - Bridging the Gap between Human Kinds and Biological Kinds</A>", Ereshefsky</li><li><a name="21"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_19/Abstract_19961.htm">Hawley (Katherine) & Bird (Alexander) - What are Natural Kinds?</A>", Hawley&Bird</li><li><a name="22"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_03/Abstract_3714.htm">Hirsch (Eli) - Natural Kinds and Natural Units</A>", Hirsch</li><li><a name="23"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_05/Abstract_5097.htm">Kitcher (Patricia) - Natural Kinds and Unnatural Persons</A>", Kitcher</li><li><a name="24"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_07/Abstract_7850.htm">LaPorte (Joseph) - Natural Kinds and Conceptual Change: Introduction</A>", LaPorte</li><li><a name="25"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_05/Abstract_5850.htm">Mellor (D.H.) - Natural Kinds</A>", Mellor</li><li><a name="26"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_02/Abstract_2117.htm">Quine (W.V.) - Natural Kinds</A>", Quine</li><li><a name="33"></a>"<A HREF = "../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_01/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_1445.htm">Wilkerson (T.E.) - Natural Kinds</A>", Wilkerson<BR>&rarr; <a name="27"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_07/Abstract_7428.htm">Daly (Chris) - Review. Natural kinds. T.E. Wilkerson</A>"<BR>&rarr; <a name="28"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_21/Abstract_21020.htm">Dupre (John) - Wilkerson on Natural Kinds</A>"<BR>&rarr; <a name="29"></a>"<A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_07/PaperSummary_7429.htm">Elder (Crawford) - Review. Natural kinds. T.E. Wilkerson</A>"</li></ol></li><li>This is mostly a <a name="7"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_7/Notes_737.htm">place-holder</A><SUP>13</SUP>. </li></ul><BR><HR><BR><U><B>In-Page Footnotes</U></B><a name="On-Page_Link_P17846_2"></A><BR><BR><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P17846_2"><B>Footnote 2</A></B></U>: <ul type="disc"><li>This is the write-up as it was when this Abstract was last output, with text as at the timestamp indicated (17/08/2018 17:35:31). </li><li><A HREF = "../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_27.htm">Link to Latest Write-Up Note</A>. </li></ul><a name="On-Page_Link_P17846_3"></A><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P17846_3"><B>Footnote 3</A></B></U>: <ul type="disc"><li>A number of my philosophical Notes are  promissory notes currently only listing the books and papers (if any) I possess on the topic concerned. </li><li>I ve decided to add some text  whether by way of motivation, or something more substantive  for all these identified topics related to my Thesis.</li><li>As I want to do this fairly quickly, the text may be confused or show surprising ignorance. </li><li>The reader (if such exists) will have to bear with me, and display the principle of charity while this footnote exists. </li></ul><a name="On-Page_Link_P17846_5"></A><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P17846_5"><B>Footnote 5</A></B></U>: These are rather old, and need careful reviewing <a name="On-Page_Link_P17846_10"></A><BR><BR><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P17846_10"><B>Footnote 10</A></B></U>: <ul type="disc"><li>If only a  non-updating run has been made, the links are only one-way  ie. from the page of links to the objects that reference this Note by mentioning the appropriate key-word(s). The links are also only indicative, as they haven t yet been confirmed as relevant. </li><li>Once an updating run has been made, links are both ways, and links from this Notes page (from the  Authors, Books & Papers Citing this Note and  Summary of Note Links to this Page sections) are to the  point of link within the page rather than to the page generically. Links from the  links page remain generic. </li><li>There are two sorts of updating runs  for Notes and other Objects. The reason for this is that Notes are archived, and too many archived versions would be created if this process were repeatedly run. </li></ul> <a name="On-Page_Link_P17846_11"></A><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P17846_11"><B>Footnote 11</A></B></U>: <ul type="disc"><li>Frequently I ll have made copious marginal annotations, and sometimes have written up a review-note. </li><li>In the former case, I intend to transfer the annotations into electronic form as soon as I can find the time. </li><li>In the latter case, I will have remarked on the fact against the citation, and will integrate the comments into this Note in due course. </li><li>My intention is to incorporate into these Notes comments on material I ve already read rather than engage with unread material at this stage. </li></ul><a name="On-Page_Link_P17846_12"></A><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P17846_12"><B>Footnote 12</A></B></U>: <ul type="disc"><li>I may have read others in between updates of this Note  in which case they will be marked as such in the  References and Reading List below.</li><li>Papers or Books partially read have a rough %age based on the time spent versus the time expected. </li></ul> <FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR></P><a name="ColourConventions"></a><p><b>Text Colour Conventions (see <A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1025.htm">disclaimer</a>)</b></p><OL TYPE="1"><LI><FONT COLOR = "0000FF">Blue</FONT>: Text by me; &copy; Theo Todman, 2018</li></OL> <BR><HR><BR><CENTER> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <TR><TD WIDTH="30%">&copy; Theo Todman, June 2007 - August 2018.</TD> <TD WIDTH="40%">Please address any comments on this page to <A HREF="mailto:theo@theotodman.com">theo@theotodman.com</A>.</TD> <TD WIDTH="30%">File output: <time datetime="2018-08-18T12:51" pubdate>18/08/2018 12:51:40</time> <br><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1010.htm">Website Maintenance Dashboard</A></TD></TR> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="#Top">Return to Top of this Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="40%"><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_11/Notes_1140.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Philosophy Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="../../index.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Home Page</A></TD> </TR></TABLE></CENTER><HR> </BODY> </HTML>