<!DOCTYPE html><HTML lang="en"> <head><meta charset="utf-8"> <title>Todman (Theo) - Thesis - Occasional Identity (Theo Todman's Book Collection - Paper Abstracts) </title> <link href="../../TheosStyle.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"><link rel="shortcut icon" href="../../TT_ICO.png" /></head> <BODY> <CENTER> <div id="header"><HR><h1>Theo Todman's Web Page - Paper Abstracts</h1><HR></div><A name="Top"></A> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_17/PaperSummary_17850.htm">Thesis - Occasional Identity</A></th></tr> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../Authors/T/Author_Todman (Theo).htm">Todman (Theo)</a></th></tr> <tr><th>Source: </th></tr> <tr><th>Paper - Abstract</th></tr> </TABLE> </CENTER> <P><CENTER><TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=400><tr><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_17/PaperSummary_17850.htm">Paper Summary</A></td><td><A HREF = "../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_88.htm">Link to Latest Write-Up Note</A></td></tr></TABLE></CENTER></P> <hr><P><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><ul type="disc"><li>This pseudo-Paper is intended as the mechanism to record time spent on the Note '<a name="1"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_88.htm">Occasional Identity</A><SUP>1</SUP>' during my Thesis research, as from 2011. </li><li>For the actual time recorded, click on "Paper Summary" above. </li></ul><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><hr><br><B><u><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P17850_2">Write-up</A></U><SUB>2</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P17850_2"></A></u> (as at 15/08/2018 09:38:53): Occasional Identity</B><BR><br><u><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P17850_3">Plug Note</A></U><SUB>3</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P17850_3"></A></u><ul type="disc"><li>The orthodox approach to the <a name="2"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_12.htm">Logic of Identity</A><SUP>4</SUP> is to treat it as a necessary equivalence relation. I follow this approach. </li><li>However, in response to various <a name="3"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_32.htm">TEs</A><SUP>5</SUP>, deviant <U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P17850_6">forms</A></U><SUB>6</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P17850_6"></A> of Identity have been devised, and some are still popular. </li><li>However, the logic of identity is so secure that it is sensible to look for other explanations of any TE that appears to bring it in doubt.</li><li>Occasional identity is a response to TEs such as the <a name="4"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_33.htm">fission</A><SUP>7</SUP> of an amoeba into two qualitatively identical ones. We want to say that both are numerically identical to the parent, but the logic of identity forbids this unless we claim that the two daughters are numerically identical to one <U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P17850_8">another</A></U><SUB>8</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P17850_8"></A>. So, the claim is that they were once identical (and co-incident), but now are not. </li><li>This makes numerical identity into a temporary (hence  occasional ) matter. </li><li>My preferred answer to this TE is to appeal to <a name="5"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_42.htm">perdurance</A><SUP>9</SUP>  the daughters were always distinct, but just shared their pre-fission stages. There are other explanations. </li><li>I intend to cover this topic in <a name="6"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1016.htm">Chapter 4</A><SUP>10</SUP> along with the other deviant approaches to Identity. </li><li>For a page of <U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P17850_11">Links</A></U><SUB>11</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P17850_11"></A> to this Note, <a href="Notes_1256_Links.htm">Click here</a>.</li><li>Works on this topic that <U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P17850_12">I ve actually read</A></U><SUB>12</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P17850_12"></A>, <U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P17850_13">include</A></U><SUB>13</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P17850_13"></A> the following:- <ol type="i"><li></li></ol></li><li>The study-list for this topic is much shorter than for related topics, as it only includes a whole book and a review thereof:- <ol type="i"><li><a name="10"></a>"<A HREF = "../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_01/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_1389.htm">Gallois (Andre) - Occasions of Identity : a Study in the Metaphysics of Persistence, Change, and Sameness</A>", Gallois</li><li><a name="8"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_19/Abstract_19853.htm">Sider (Ted) - Review of Andr Gallois, Occasions of Identity</A>", <U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P17850_14">Sider</A></U><SUB>14</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P17850_14"></A></li></ol></li><li>This is mostly a <a name="7"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_7/Notes_737.htm">place-holder</A><SUP>15</SUP>. </li></ul><BR><HR><BR><U><B>In-Page Footnotes</U></B><a name="On-Page_Link_P17850_2"></A><BR><BR><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P17850_2"><B>Footnote 2</A></B></U>: <ul type="disc"><li>This is the write-up as it was when this Abstract was last output, with text as at the timestamp indicated (15/08/2018 09:38:53). </li><li><A HREF = "../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_88.htm">Link to Latest Write-Up Note</A>. </li></ul><a name="On-Page_Link_P17850_3"></A><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P17850_3"><B>Footnote 3</A></B></U>: <ul type="disc"><li>A number of my philosophical Notes are  promissory notes currently only listing the books and papers (if any) I possess on the topic concerned. </li><li>I ve decided to add some text  whether by way of motivation, or something more substantive  for all these identified topics related to my Thesis.</li><li>As I want to do this fairly quickly, the text may be confused or show surprising ignorance. </li><li>The reader (if such exists) will have to bear with me, and display the principle of charity while this footnote exists. </li></ul><a name="On-Page_Link_P17850_6"></A><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P17850_6"><B>Footnote 6</A></B></U>: <ul type="disc"><li>I m not sure if this is the correct terminology. </li></ul> <a name="On-Page_Link_P17850_8"></A><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P17850_8"><B>Footnote 8</A></B></U>: <ul type="disc"><li>Even this seemingly-impossible claim has been supported. </li><li>See <a name="9"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_20/Abstract_20898.htm">Miller (Kristie) - Travelling in Time: How to Wholly Exist in Two Places at the Same Time</A>".</li></ul> <a name="On-Page_Link_P17850_11"></A><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P17850_11"><B>Footnote 11</A></B></U>: <ul type="disc"><li>If only a  non-updating run has been made, the links are only one-way  ie. from the page of links to the objects that reference this Note by mentioning the appropriate key-word(s). The links are also only indicative, as they haven t yet been confirmed as relevant. </li><li>Once an updating run has been made, links are both ways, and links from this Notes page (from the  Authors, Books & Papers Citing this Note and  Summary of Note Links to this Page sections) are to the  point of link within the page rather than to the page generically. Links from the  links page remain generic. </li><li>There are two sorts of updating runs  for Notes and other Objects. The reason for this is that Notes are archived, and too many archived versions would be created if this process were repeatedly run. </li></ul> <a name="On-Page_Link_P17850_12"></A><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P17850_12"><B>Footnote 12</A></B></U>: <ul type="disc"><li>Frequently I ll have made copious marginal annotations, and sometimes have written up a review-note. </li><li>In the former case, I intend to transfer the annotations into electronic form as soon as I can find the time. </li><li>In the latter case, I will have remarked on the fact against the citation, and will integrate the comments into this Note in due course. </li><li>My intention is to incorporate into these Notes comments on material I ve already read rather than engage with unread material at this stage. </li></ul><a name="On-Page_Link_P17850_13"></A><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P17850_13"><B>Footnote 13</A></B></U>: <ul type="disc"><li>I may have read others in between updates of this Note  in which case they will be marked as such in the  References and Reading List below.</li><li>Papers or Books partially read have a rough %age based on the time spent versus the time expected. </li></ul> <a name="On-Page_Link_P17850_14"></A><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P17850_14"><B>Footnote 14</A></B></U>: <ul type="disc"><li>Read and analyse this first  it may not be worth bothering with the book, unless it sheds light on the topic as a whole.</li></ul> <FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR></P><a name="ColourConventions"></a><p><b>Text Colour Conventions (see <A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1025.htm">disclaimer</a>)</b></p><OL TYPE="1"><LI><FONT COLOR = "0000FF">Blue</FONT>: Text by me; &copy; Theo Todman, 2018</li></OL> <BR><HR><BR><CENTER> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <TR><TD WIDTH="30%">&copy; Theo Todman, June 2007 - August 2018.</TD> <TD WIDTH="40%">Please address any comments on this page to <A HREF="mailto:theo@theotodman.com">theo@theotodman.com</A>.</TD> <TD WIDTH="30%">File output: <time datetime="2018-08-16T09:30" pubdate>16/08/2018 09:30:00</time> <br><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1010.htm">Website Maintenance Dashboard</A></TD></TR> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="#Top">Return to Top of this Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="40%"><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_11/Notes_1140.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Philosophy Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="../../index.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Home Page</A></TD> </TR></TABLE></CENTER><HR> </BODY> </HTML>