<!DOCTYPE html><HTML lang="en"> <head><meta charset="utf-8"> <title>Todman (Theo) - Thesis - Ontology (Theo Todman's Book Collection - Paper Abstracts) </title> <link href="../../TheosStyle.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"><link rel="shortcut icon" href="../../TT_ICO.png" /></head> <BODY> <CENTER> <div id="header"><HR><h1>Theo Todman's Web Page - Paper Abstracts</h1><HR></div><A name="Top"></A> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_17/PaperSummary_17852.htm">Thesis - Ontology</A></th></tr> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../Authors/T/Author_Todman (Theo).htm">Todman (Theo)</a></th></tr> <tr><th>Source: </th></tr> <tr><th>Paper - Abstract</th></tr> </TABLE> </CENTER> <P><CENTER><TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=400><tr><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_17/PaperSummary_17852.htm">Paper Summary</A></td><td><A HREF = "../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_8.htm">Link to Latest Write-Up Note</A></td></tr></TABLE></CENTER></P> <hr><P><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><ul type="disc"><li>This pseudo-Paper is intended as the mechanism to record time spent on the Note '<a name="1"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_8.htm">Ontology</A><SUP>1</SUP>' during my Thesis research, as from 2011. </li><li>For the actual time recorded, click on "Paper Summary" above. </li></ul><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><hr><br><B><u><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P17852_2">Write-up</A></U><SUB>2</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P17852_2"></A></u> (as at 11/03/2018 20:19:41): Ontology</B><BR><br><u><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P17852_3">Plug Note</A></U><SUB>3</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P17852_3"></A></u><ul type="disc"><li>Ontology is the study of what exists. </li><li>In the context of the philosophy of personal identity, ontological questions ask what <a name="2"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_9.htm">persons</A><SUP>4</SUP> really are. </li><li>Maybe it s best first of all to step back, with <a name="3"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_83.htm">Locke</A><SUP>5</SUP>, and consider the <a name="4"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_10.htm">sorts</A><SUP>6</SUP> of thing that persist and establish the <a name="5"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_91.htm">persistence conditions</A><SUP>7</SUP> for these sorts: <BR>&rarr; <a name="6"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_18.htm">bodies</A><SUP>8</SUP>, <BR>&rarr; <a name="7"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_30.htm">animals</A><SUP>9</SUP>, <BR>&rarr; <a name="8"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_74.htm">human beings</A><SUP>10</SUP>. </li><li>The ontological question is whether  with Locke  we should add persons to this list. </li><li><a name="9"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_8/Notes_869.htm">Baker</A><SUP>11</SUP> holds the view that when a person comes into existence, so does a new entity, of a new <a name="10"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_80.htm">kind</A><SUP>12</SUP>. A world without persons would be ontologically impoverished. </li><li>But is this so, or do existing entities simply gain new <a name="11"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_93.htm">properties</A><SUP>13</SUP>? </li><li>We must even (on certain definitions of PERSON) ask whether there <a name="12"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_87.htm">are any</A><SUP>14</SUP>, or whether the term can be eliminated. See:- <BR>&rarr; <a name="16"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_01/Abstract_1006.htm">Unger (Peter) - Why There Are No People</A>" and <BR>&rarr; <a name="17"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_01/Abstract_1375.htm">Unger (Peter) - I Do Not Exist</A>". </li><li>Since Unger s <a name="13"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_11/Notes_1172.htm">sorites</A><SUP>15</SUP> arguments eliminate all material entities with <a name="14"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_85.htm">parts</A><SUP>16</SUP>, not just persons (though the elimination of persons on this account depends on the assumption that they are material entities with parts) I, along with the later Unger, wish to reject such conclusions.</li><li>Works on this topic that <U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P17852_17">I ve actually read</A></U><SUB>17</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P17852_17"></A>, <U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P17852_18">include</A></U><SUB>18</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P17852_18"></A> the following:- <ol type="i"><li></li></ol></li><li>A reading list (where not covered elsewhere) might start with:- <ol type="i"><li></li></ol></li><li>This is mostly a <a name="15"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_7/Notes_737.htm">place-holder</A><SUP>19</SUP>. Currently, just see the enormously bloated categorised reading-list. </li></ul><BR><HR><BR><U><B>In-Page Footnotes</U></B><a name="On-Page_Link_P17852_2"></A><BR><BR><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P17852_2"><B>Footnote 2</A></B></U>: <ul type="disc"><li>This is the write-up as it was when this Abstract was last output, with text as at the timestamp indicated (11/03/2018 20:19:41). </li><li><A HREF = "../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_8.htm">Link to Latest Write-Up Note</A>. </li></ul><a name="On-Page_Link_P17852_3"></A><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P17852_3"><B>Footnote 3</A></B></U>: <ul type="disc"><li>A number of my philosophical Notes are  promissory notes currently only listing the books and papers (if any) I possess on the topic concerned. </li><li>I ve decided to add some text  whether by way of motivation, or something more substantive  for all these identified topics related to my Thesis.</li><li>As I want to do this fairly quickly, the text may be confused or show surprising ignorance. </li><li>The reader (if such exists) will have to bear with me, and display the principle of charity while this footnote exists. </li></ul><a name="On-Page_Link_P17852_17"></A><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P17852_17"><B>Footnote 17</A></B></U>: <ul type="disc"><li>Frequently I ll have made copious marginal annotations, and sometimes have written up a review-note. </li><li>In the former case, I intend to transfer the annotations into electronic form as soon as I can find the time. </li><li>In the latter case, I will have remarked on the fact against the citation, and will integrate the comments into this Note in due course. </li><li>My intention is to incorporate into these Notes comments on material I ve already read rather than engage with unread material at this stage. </li></ul><a name="On-Page_Link_P17852_18"></A><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P17852_18"><B>Footnote 18</A></B></U>: <ul type="disc"><li>I may have read others in between updates of this Note  in which case they will be marked as such in the  References and Reading List below.</li><li>Papers or Books partially read have a rough %age based on the time spent versus the time expected. </li></ul> <FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR></P><a name="ColourConventions"></a><p><b>Text Colour Conventions (see <A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1025.htm">disclaimer</a>)</b></p><OL TYPE="1"><LI><FONT COLOR = "0000FF">Blue</FONT>: Text by me; &copy; Theo Todman, 2018</li></OL> <BR><HR><BR><CENTER> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <TR><TD WIDTH="30%">&copy; Theo Todman, June 2007 - August 2018.</TD> <TD WIDTH="40%">Please address any comments on this page to <A HREF="mailto:theo@theotodman.com">theo@theotodman.com</A>.</TD> <TD WIDTH="30%">File output: <time datetime="2018-08-13T13:21" pubdate>13/08/2018 13:21:39</time> <br><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1010.htm">Website Maintenance Dashboard</A></TD></TR> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="#Top">Return to Top of this Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="40%"><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_11/Notes_1140.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Philosophy Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="../../index.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Home Page</A></TD> </TR></TABLE></CENTER><HR> </BODY> </HTML>