- This pseudo-Paper is intended as the mechanism to record time spent on the Note 'Organisms1' during my Thesis research, as from 2011.
- For the actual time recorded, click on "Paper Statistics" above.
Write-up2 (as at 14/07/2019 18:05:46): Organisms
- Organisms feature highly in animalist discussions of personal identity, in that according to animalism4, human persons are (numerically identical5 to) human animals6, which are organisms.
- According to some philosophers – for instance Peter Van Inwagen – sorites7 arguments yield that the only things that exist are simples and organisms.
- Organisms are to be distinguished from their bodies8, which have different persistence conditions, for example post-mortem as corpses9.
- An organism seeks to maintain itself against its environment, and exchanges matter with it. An organism possesses none of its matter essentially, and may indeed replace all its matter many times during its life10.
- When organisms ultimately fail in the above endeavour, they die11. Prior to this, they are alive; organisms are the only things that may properly be said to be alive – life is a biological process. Other things may exist, and come to an end, but they do not literally live or die.
- Normally, a proper part of an organism is not an organism12. In particular, a brain13 is not an organism, but an organ. We are organisms, not organs, whatever psychological TEs14 might imply, so we are not our brains.
- See "Wilson (Jack) - Biological Individuality - The identity and Persistence of Living Entities" for a full discussion.
- Works on this topic that I’ve actually read15, include the following:-
- A reading list (where not covered elsewhere) might start with:-
- This is mostly a place-holder16. Currently, just see the categorised reading-list.
- This is the write-up as it was when this Abstract was last output, with text as at the timestamp indicated (14/07/2019 18:05:46).
- Link to Latest Write-Up Note.
- Presumably organelles – such as mitochondria – are (parasitic) organisms living within, and an essential part of, other organisms.
Text Colour Conventions (see disclaimer)
- Blue: Text by me; © Theo Todman, 2019