<!DOCTYPE html><HTML lang="en"> <head><meta charset="utf-8"> <title>Todman (Theo) - Thesis - Organisms (Theo Todman's Book Collection - Paper Abstracts) </title> <link href="../../TheosStyle.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"><link rel="shortcut icon" href="../../TT_ICO.png" /></head> <BODY> <CENTER> <div id="header"><HR><h1>Theo Todman's Web Page - Paper Abstracts</h1><HR></div><A name="Top"></A> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_17/PaperSummary_17853.htm">Thesis - Organisms</A></th></tr> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../Authors/T/Author_Todman (Theo).htm">Todman (Theo)</a></th></tr> <tr><th>Source: </th></tr> <tr><th>Paper - Abstract</th></tr> </TABLE> </CENTER> <P><CENTER><TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=400><tr><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_17/PaperSummary_17853.htm">Paper Summary</A></td><td><A HREF = "../../Notes/Notes_1/Notes_113.htm">Link to Latest Write-Up Note</A></td></tr></TABLE></CENTER></P> <hr><P><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><ul type="disc"><li>This pseudo-Paper is intended as the mechanism to record time spent on the Note '<a name="1"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_1/Notes_113.htm">Organisms</A><SUP>1</SUP>' during my Thesis research, as from 2011. </li><li>For the actual time recorded, click on "Paper Summary" above. </li></ul><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><hr><br><B><u><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P17853_2">Write-up</A></U><SUB>2</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P17853_2"></A></u> (as at 11/03/2018 20:19:41): Organisms</B><BR><br><u><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P17853_3">Plug Note</A></U><SUB>3</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P17853_3"></A></u><ul type="disc"><li>Organisms feature highly in animalist discussions of personal identity, in that according to <a name="2"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_24.htm">animalism</A><SUP>4</SUP>, human persons are (<a name="3"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_9/Notes_977.htm">numerically identical</A><SUP>5</SUP> to) human <a name="4"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_30.htm">animals</A><SUP>6</SUP>, which are organisms.</li><li>According to some philosophers  for instance <a name="13"></a><A HREF = "../../Authors/V/Author_Van Inwagen (Peter).htm">Peter Van Inwagen</A>  <a name="5"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_11/Notes_1172.htm">sorites</A><SUP>7</SUP> arguments yield that the only things that exist are simples and organisms. </li><li>Organisms are to be distinguished from their <a name="6"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_18.htm">bodies</A><SUP>8</SUP>, which have different persistence conditions, for example post-mortem as <a name="7"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_65.htm">corpses</A><SUP>9</SUP>.</li><li>An organism seeks to maintain itself against its environment, and exchanges matter with it. An organism possesses none of its matter essentially, and may indeed replace all its matter many times during its <a name="8"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_9/Notes_942.htm">life</A><SUP>10</SUP>.</li><li>When organisms ultimately fail in the above endeavour, they <a name="9"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_67.htm">die</A><SUP>11</SUP>. Prior to this, they are alive; organisms are the only things that may properly be said to be alive  life is a biological process. Other things may exist, and come to an end, but they do not literally live or die.</li><li>Normally, a proper part of an organism is not an <U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P17853_12">organism</A></U><SUB>12</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P17853_12"></A>. In particular, a <a name="10"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_55.htm">brain</A><SUP>13</SUP> is not an organism, but an organ. We are organisms, not organs, whatever psychological <a name="11"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_32.htm">TEs</A><SUP>14</SUP> might imply, so we are not our brains. </li><li>See <a name="14"></a>"<A HREF = "../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_01/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_1337.htm">Wilson (Jack) - Biological Individuality - The identity and Persistence of Living Entities</A>" for a full discussion. </li><li>Works on this topic that <U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P17853_15">I ve actually read</A></U><SUB>15</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P17853_15"></A>, <U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P17853_16">include</A></U><SUB>16</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P17853_16"></A> the following:- <ol type="i"><li></li></ol></li><li>A reading list (where not covered elsewhere) might start with:- <ol type="i"><li></li></ol></li><li>This is mostly a <a name="12"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_7/Notes_737.htm">place-holder</A><SUP>17</SUP>. Currently, just see the categorised reading-list. </li></ul><BR><HR><BR><U><B>In-Page Footnotes</U></B><a name="On-Page_Link_P17853_2"></A><BR><BR><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P17853_2"><B>Footnote 2</A></B></U>: <ul type="disc"><li>This is the write-up as it was when this Abstract was last output, with text as at the timestamp indicated (11/03/2018 20:19:41). </li><li><A HREF = "../../Notes/Notes_1/Notes_113.htm">Link to Latest Write-Up Note</A>. </li></ul><a name="On-Page_Link_P17853_3"></A><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P17853_3"><B>Footnote 3</A></B></U>: <ul type="disc"><li>A number of my philosophical Notes are  promissory notes currently only listing the books and papers (if any) I possess on the topic concerned. </li><li>I ve decided to add some text  whether by way of motivation, or something more substantive  for all these identified topics related to my Thesis.</li><li>As I want to do this fairly quickly, the text may be confused or show surprising ignorance. </li><li>The reader (if such exists) will have to bear with me, and display the principle of charity while this footnote exists. </li></ul><a name="On-Page_Link_P17853_12"></A><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P17853_12"><B>Footnote 12</A></B></U>: <ul type="disc"><li>Presumably organelles  such as mitochondria  are (parasitic) organisms living within, and an essential part of, other organisms. </li></ul><a name="On-Page_Link_P17853_15"></A><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P17853_15"><B>Footnote 15</A></B></U>: <ul type="disc"><li>Frequently I ll have made copious marginal annotations, and sometimes have written up a review-note. </li><li>In the former case, I intend to transfer the annotations into electronic form as soon as I can find the time. </li><li>In the latter case, I will have remarked on the fact against the citation, and will integrate the comments into this Note in due course. </li><li>My intention is to incorporate into these Notes comments on material I ve already read rather than engage with unread material at this stage. </li></ul><a name="On-Page_Link_P17853_16"></A><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P17853_16"><B>Footnote 16</A></B></U>: <ul type="disc"><li>I may have read others in between updates of this Note  in which case they will be marked as such in the  References and Reading List below.</li><li>Papers or Books partially read have a rough %age based on the time spent versus the time expected. </li></ul> <FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR></P><a name="ColourConventions"></a><p><b>Text Colour Conventions (see <A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1025.htm">disclaimer</a>)</b></p><OL TYPE="1"><LI><FONT COLOR = "0000FF">Blue</FONT>: Text by me; &copy; Theo Todman, 2018</li></OL> <BR><HR><BR><CENTER> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <TR><TD WIDTH="30%">&copy; Theo Todman, June 2007 - August 2018.</TD> <TD WIDTH="40%">Please address any comments on this page to <A HREF="mailto:theo@theotodman.com">theo@theotodman.com</A>.</TD> <TD WIDTH="30%">File output: <time datetime="2018-08-13T13:21" pubdate>13/08/2018 13:21:40</time> <br><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1010.htm">Website Maintenance Dashboard</A></TD></TR> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="#Top">Return to Top of this Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="40%"><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_11/Notes_1140.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Philosophy Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="../../index.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Home Page</A></TD> </TR></TABLE></CENTER><HR> </BODY> </HTML>