- This pseudo-Paper is intended as the mechanism to record time spent on the Note 'Transhumanism1' during my Thesis research, as from 2011.
- For the actual time recorded, click on "Paper Statistics" above.
Write-up2 (as at 30/11/2019 22:58:05): Transhumanism
- Transhumanism is the thesis that we human beings can – in principle at least – transcend our animal nature and escape or at least augment – in whole or part – our animal bodies.
- The movement hopes to extend our lifespans – either considerably or indefinitely.
- One particular strand of this hope is to escape our mortal bodies altogether by “uploading4 ourselves” to a digital computer.
- I’m very doubtful about the possibility – practical or theoretical – of most of these aims, as well as their desirability. However, while this topic is on the borders of sci-fi, it is a challenge to animalism5 in that it presupposes that “we6” can transcend our biological origins in some way or other.
- The premier transhumanist of my acquaintance is Nick Bostrom. He has also argued that we might be (and indeed probably are) living in a computer simulation. See:-
→ "Bostrom (Nick) - Are You Living in a Computer Simulation?",
→ "Weatherson (Brian) - Are You a Sim?", and
→ "Bostrom (Nick) - The Simulation Argument: Reply to Weatherson".
- A light-hearted introduction to the ideas and personalities is
→ "O'Connell (Mark) - To be a Machine",
- And the main text for this topic is
→ "More (Max) & Vita-More (Natasha) - The Transhumanist Reader".
- It’s probably best to start with the Introductions to the book’s nine Parts:-
- While the whole book is interesting, the other papers – from a quick look – that are most germane to my Thesis are:-
- "Bostrom (Nick) - Why I Want to be a Posthuman When I Grow Up",
- "Brin (David), Broderick (Damien), Bostrom (Nick), Chislenko (Alexander), Hanson (Robin), More (Max), Etc. - A Critical Discussion of Vinge's Singularity Concept",
- "Broderick (Damien) - Trans and Post",
- "Clark (Andy) - Re-Inventing Ourselves: The Plasticity of Embodiment, Sensing, and Mind",
- "Goertzel (Ben) - Artificial General Intelligence and the Future of Humanity",
- "Hall (J. Storrs) - Nanocomputers",
- "Hughes (James) - Transhumanism and Personal Identity",
- "Koene (Randal A.) - Uploading to Substrate-Independent Minds",
- "Kurzweil (Ray) & Drexler (K. Eric) - Dialogue between Ray Kurzweil and Eric Drexler",
- "Merkle (Ralph C.) - Uploading",
- "Moravec (Hans) - Pigs in Cyberspace",
- "More (Max) - A Letter to Mother Nature",
- "More (Max) - The Philosophy of Transhumanism",
- "Prisco (Giulio) - Transcendent Engineering",
- "Rose (Michael R.) - Immortalist Fictions and Strategies",
- "Sandberg (Anders) - An Overview of Models of Technological Singularity", and
- "Vinge (Vernor) - Technological Singularity".
- This topic connects to a number of related items:-
→ and maybe others …
- Non-Human Persons10
→ see "Bostrom (Nick) - Superintelligence: Paths, Dangers, Strategies"
- The Singularity
→ "Chalmers (David) - The Singularity: A philosophical analysis"
- For a page of Links12 to this Note, Click here.
- Works on this topic that I’ve actually read13, include the following:-
- "Ball (Philip) - Sim ethics", Ball
- "Dainton (Barry) - Self: Philosophy In Transit: Prologue", Dainton
- "Davies (Sally) - Women’s minds matter", Davies
- "Graziano (Michael) - Endless fun", Graziano
- "Grossman (Lev), Kurzweil (Ray) - 2045: The Year Man Becomes Immortal", Grossman
- "Harari (Yuval Noah) - Homo Deus: A Brief History of Tomorrow", Harari
- "Hawthorne (John X.) - Are You Ready For The Cyborg Technology Coming In 2018?", Hawthorne
- "Jones (D. Gareth) - A Christian Perspective on Human Enhancement", Jones
- "Marshall (Richard) & Olson (Eric) - Eric T. Olson: The Philosopher with No Hands", Marshall & Olson
- "Price (Huw), Cave (Stephen), Iida (Fumiya), Etc. - Preparing for the future: artificial intelligence and us: Part 1", Price Etc
- "Price (Huw), Cave (Stephen), Iida (Fumiya), Etc. - Preparing for the future: artificial intelligence and us: Part 2", Price Etc
- "Shipley (G.J.) - Review of Andy Clark's 'Natural-Born Cyborgs'", Shipley
- A reading list (where not covered elsewhere) might start with:-
- "Agar (Nicholas) - Enhancing Humananity", Agar
- "Agar (Nicholas) - Whereto Transhumanism?: The Literature Reaches a Critical Mass", Agar
- "Alexander (Denis) - Enhancing humans or a new creation?", Alexander
- "Alexander (Denis) - Healing, enhancement and the human future", Alexander
- "Andersen (Ross) - Omens", Anderson
- "Awad (Edmond), Etc. - The Moral Machine experiment", Awad
- "Bostrom (Nick) - Superintelligence: Paths, Dangers, Strategies", Bostrom
- "Bridle (James) - New Dark Age: Technology and the End of the Future", Bridle
- "Cerullo (Michael A.) - Uploading and Branching Identity", Cerullo
- "Chalmers (David) - The Singularity: A philosophical analysis", Chalmers
- "Chatfield (Tom) - Automated ethics", Chatfield
- "Christian (Brian) - The Most Human Human: A Defence of Humanity in the Age of the Computer", Christian
- "Dainton (Barry) - Self: Philosophy In Transit", Dainton
- "Deutsch (David) - Creative blocks", Deutsch
- "Fry (Hannah) - Hello World: How to be Human in the Age of the Machine", Fry
- "Hanson (Robin) - The Age of Em: Work, Love, and Life when Robots Rule the Earth", Hanson
- "Hayworth (Kenneth) - Killed by bad philosophy: Why brain preservation followed by mind uploading is a cure for death", Hayworth
- "Kent (Adrian) - Replication Ethics", Kent
- "Kurzweil (Ray) - The Age of Spiritual Machines", Kurzweil
→ "Searle (John) - ‘I Married a Computer’: An Exchange (between Ray Kurzweil and John Searle)", Searle
→ "Kurzweil (Ray) - ‘I Married a Computer’: An Exchange (between Ray Kurzweil and John Searle)", Kurzweil
- "Madary (Michael) & Metzinger (Thomas) - Real Virtuality: A Code of Ethical Conduct", Madary & Metzinger
- "Marshall (Richard) & Metzinger (Thomas) - Thomas Metzinger: All About the Ego Tunnel", Marshall & Metzinger
- "Medlock (Ben) - The body is the missing link for truly intelligent machines", Medlock
- "Midgley (Mary) - Biotechnology and Monstrosity: Why We Should Pay Attention to the 'Yuk Factor'", Midgley
- "Midgley (Mary) - Evolution as a Religion - Strange Hopes and Stranger Fears", Midgley
- "More (Max) & Vita-More (Natasha) - The Transhumanist Reader", More
- "O'Connell (Mark) - To be a Machine", O’Connell
- "Oderberg (David) - Could There Be a Superhuman Species?", Oderberg
- "Price (Huw) - Now it’s time to prepare for the Machinocene", Price
- "Sandberg (Anders) & Bostrom (Nick) - Whole Brain Emulation: A Roadmap", Sandberg & Bostrom
- "Tegmark (Max) - Life 3.0: Being Human in the Age of Artificial Intelligence", Tegmark
- This is mostly a place-holder14.
- This is the write-up as it was when this Abstract was last output, with text as at the timestamp indicated (30/11/2019 22:58:05).
- Link to Latest Write-Up Note.
Text Colour Conventions (see disclaimer)
- Blue: Text by me; © Theo Todman, 2020