- This pseudo-Paper is intended as the mechanism to record time spent on the Note 'Transplants1' during my Thesis research, as from 2011.
- For the actual time recorded, click on "Paper Summary" above.
Write-up2 (as at 14/05/2018 21:00:00): Transplants
- From the standpoint of Personal Identity, the most significant transplants are Brain Transplants4, which have their own Note.
- In the context of animalism5, however – where it is said (by Olson6) that the brain7 is just another organ – there is less reason for Brain Transplants to receive centre-stage. Some animalists8 resist the “Transplant Intuition” – which is that “we go where our brains go”, but I will discuss that in the Note just mentioned.
- But, the animalist must still consider whether an organism can survive the transplant of “lesser” organs, and which – if any – transplants it cannot survive. We certainly accept that major-organ transplants – and even a complex of organs such as heart/lungs – preserve the human animal9 (and person10).
- Are there any limits beyond which we cannot go? Do we have to allow for a case of fusion11 in extreme circumstances? Is there a “core” of the animal that preserves identity while peripheral organs are swapped out?
- What about inorganic transplants? Is the human animal preserved, and does it incorporate the transplanted organs, or are they useful appendages (like clothes) that are external to it. Alternatively, do we then have a cyborg12? What about implants that affect our mentation13?
- While the transplantation of cerebrums and larger brain-parts, including WBTs will be covered elsewhere, this Note should cover TEs involving smaller brain-tissue transplants, which are supposed to transfer psychological elements from one person to another and not identity as such.
- This note will not cover the ethics of transplantation, but only the metaphysics thereof. That said, I’ve read, enjoyed and briefly commented on "Ishiguro (Kazuo) - Never Let Me Go".
- For a page of Links14 to this Note, Click here. Unfortunately, almost all of these references relate to the ethics of organ transplantation, wither per se, related to issues to do with “brain death”, or to “cannibalisation” arguments against consequentialism. So, precious few are itemised in the two lists immediately below.
- Works on this topic that I’ve actually read15, include16 the following:-
- "Ishiguro (Kazuo) - Never Let Me Go", Ishiguro
- "Shoemaker (David) - Personal Identity and Immortality", Shoemaker
- "Zimmerman (Dean) - Bodily Resurrection: The Falling Elevator Model Revisited", Zimmerman
- A reading list (where not covered elsewhere) might start with:-
- "Bernecker (Sven) - The Nature of Memory Causation", Bernecker
- "Munzer (Stephen R.) - Transplantation, Chemical Inheritance, and the Identity of Organs", Munzer
- "Northoff (G.) - Do Brain Tissue Transplants Alter Personal Identity? Inadequacies of Some 'Standard' Arguments", Northoff
- "Snowdon (Paul) - Strengthening the Rejection of Transplant Arguments", Snowdon
- This is mostly a place-holder17.
- This is the write-up as it was when this Abstract was last output, with text as at the timestamp indicated (14/05/2018 21:00:00).
- Link to Latest Write-Up Note.
- A number of my philosophical Notes are “promissory notes” currently only listing the books and papers (if any) I possess on the topic concerned.
- I’ve decided to add some text – whether by way of motivation, or something more substantive – for all these identified topics related to my Thesis.
- As I want to do this fairly quickly, the text may be confused or show surprising ignorance.
- The reader (if such exists) will have to bear with me, and display the principle of charity while this footnote exists.
- If only a “non-updating” run has been made, the links are only one-way – ie. from the page of links to the objects that reference this Note by mentioning the appropriate key-word(s). The links are also only indicative, as they haven’t yet been confirmed as relevant.
- Once an updating run has been made, links are both ways, and links from this Notes page (from the “Authors, Books & Papers Citing this Note” and “Summary of Note Links to this Page” sections) are to the “point of link” within the page rather than to the page generically. Links from the “links page” remain generic.
- There are two sorts of updating runs – for Notes and other Objects. The reason for this is that Notes are archived, and too many archived versions would be created if this process were repeatedly run.
- Frequently I’ll have made copious marginal annotations, and sometimes have written up a review-note.
- In the former case, I intend to transfer the annotations into electronic form as soon as I can find the time.
- In the latter case, I will have remarked on the fact against the citation, and will integrate the comments into this Note in due course.
- My intention is to incorporate into these Notes comments on material I’ve already read rather than engage with unread material at this stage.
- I may have read others in between updates of this Note – in which case they will be marked as such in the “References and Reading List” below.
- Papers or Books partially read have a rough %age based on the time spent versus the time expected.
Text Colour Conventions (see disclaimer)
- Blue: Text by me; © Theo Todman, 2018