<!DOCTYPE html><HTML lang="en"> <head><meta charset="utf-8"> <title>Johnston (Mark) - What Is Found At The Center? (Theo Todman's Book Collection - Paper Abstracts) </title> <link href="../../TheosStyle.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"><link rel="shortcut icon" href="../../TT_ICO.png" /></head> <BODY> <CENTER> <div id="header"><HR><h1>Theo Todman's Web Page - Paper Abstracts</h1><HR></div><A name="Top"></A> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_18/PaperSummary_18344.htm">What Is Found At The Center?</A></th></tr> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../Authors/J/Author_Johnston (Mark).htm">Johnston (Mark)</a></th></tr> <tr><th>Source: Johnston (Mark) - Surviving Death, 2010</th></tr> <tr><th>Paper - Abstract</th></tr> </TABLE> </CENTER> <P><CENTER><TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=600><tr><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_18/PaperSummary_18344.htm">Paper Summary</A></td><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_18/PapersToNotes_18344.htm">Notes Citing this Paper</A></td><td><A HREF="#ColourConventions">Text Colour-Conventions</a></td></tr></TABLE></CENTER></P> <hr><P><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><U><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P18344_1">Review</A></U><SUB>1</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P18344_1"></A></U><FONT COLOR = "800080"><ol type="1">Chapter Four begins with some <a name="1"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_32.htm">thought experiments</A><SUP>2</SUP> concerning different kinds of creatures with different kinds of selves. For example, Johnston describes "the Hibernators" as a group of people with a brain chemistry that keeps them awake constantly for 9 months during which they are enormously productive. They then sleep for three months. Before going to sleep they write down very detailed instructions concerning where to pick up on the various projects they are working on, as they conceive of themselves as different persons. Johnston discusses such a possibility, as well as others, to illustrate that there is no metaphysical justifier, i.e. a soul or self, which can independently justify which parts of nature should be our concern. In other words, nothing outside of the natural world can determine how we ought to organize our lives. Johnston believes that the different conceptions of personal identity all simply work from different starting points, and without any metaphysical justifier to determine which is the right starting point, the best way to conceive of personal identity is as something which constantly changes, i.e. the self is Protean in Johnston's language. Johnston does not believe that relativism about personal identity is coherent, so he instead introduces the notion of the Protean self that can change embodiment. Johnston believes personal identity must be Protean as individuals are able to, at least plausibly based upon the <a name="2"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_32.htm">thought experiments</A><SUP>3</SUP> at the beginning of the chapter, change the arena of presence and action by changing certain dispositions. The conception of identity as Protean is central to Johnston's claim that we are able to survive death. As he states, "Given that we are Protean, following the command of agape would mean that we would thereby implement personal identity in such a way that we would survive wherever and whenever interests are to be found. We would, quite literally, live on in the onward rush of humankind." (pg. 296) Thus, the <a name="3"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_9/Notes_978.htm">survival of death</A><SUP>4</SUP> is about changing one's disposition and changing it in a particular way. </ol></FONT><BR><U>Contents</U><FONT COLOR = "800080"><ol type="1"><li>How Did a Human Being Get To Be Here?</li><li>Other Narratives: The Hibernators</li><li>Still Another Narrative: The Teletransporters</li><li>Wrong In Itself?</li><li>The Even-handed Treatment</li><li>Is Relativism About Personal Identity Coherent?</li><li>Personhood and Personality</li><li>"Reincarnation" Before Death</li><li>The "Forensic" Importance of Personality</li><li>What Is Invariant?</li><li>The Radical Reversal</li><li>The Identity-Determining Disposition</li><li>The Solution to Our Problems</li><li>A False Sense of Our Essence</li><li>Refiguring One's Basic Dispositions</li><li>Persons Are Protean</li><li>Another Route to the Conclusion</li><li>Is the Persistence of Individual Personalities Response-dependent?</li><li>The Other World as an Ethical Epiphenomenon</li><li>A Summary and a Bridge to the Last Lecture</li><li>The Life To Come-Questions And Replies </li></ol></FONT><BR><HR><BR><U><B>In-Page Footnotes</U></B><a name="On-Page_Link_P18344_1"></A><BR><BR><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P18344_1"><B>Footnote 1</B></A></U>: From <a name="4"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_15/Abstract_15977.htm">Caldwell (Christopher M.) - Review - 'Surviving Death' by Mark Johnston</A>". <BR><BR><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR></P><a name="ColourConventions"></a><p><b>Text Colour Conventions (see <A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1025.htm">disclaimer</a>)</b></p><OL TYPE="1"><LI><FONT COLOR = "0000FF">Blue</FONT>: Text by me; &copy; Theo Todman, 2018</li><LI><FONT COLOR = "800080">Mauve</FONT>: Text by correspondent(s) or other author(s); &copy; the author(s)</li></OL> <BR><HR><BR><CENTER> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <TR><TD WIDTH="30%">&copy; Theo Todman, June 2007 - August 2018.</TD> <TD WIDTH="40%">Please address any comments on this page to <A HREF="mailto:theo@theotodman.com">theo@theotodman.com</A>.</TD> <TD WIDTH="30%">File output: <time datetime="2018-08-02T08:53" pubdate>02/08/2018 08:53:20</time> <br><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1010.htm">Website Maintenance Dashboard</A></TD></TR> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="#Top">Return to Top of this Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="40%"><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_11/Notes_1140.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Philosophy Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="../../index.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Home Page</A></TD> </TR></TABLE></CENTER><HR> </BODY> </HTML>