- This pseudo-Paper is intended as the mechanism to record time spent on the Note 'Universals1' during my Thesis research, as from end-2013.
- For the actual time recorded, click on "Paper Statistics" above.
Write-up2 (as at 17/08/2018 21:59:02): Universals
- My research is Personal Identity, so what have Universals to do with this?
- Well, not a lot – except David Lewis introduced them as an example to distinguish perdurance4 from endurance5 – Universals being analogous to enduring entities as they are (allegedly) wholly present in each particular that possesses the property covered by the Universal. So, (a particular shade of) redness is (said to be) wholly present in each red object.
- There’s also a connection with Natural Kinds6. In "Hawley (Katherine) & Bird (Alexander) - What are Natural Kinds?", the authors suggest that Natural Kinds are “Complex Universals”.
- I also – probably heretically – have the view that Universals themselves might have persistence conditions7. My example is that of a book. “Pride and Prejudice” is a book – but both a Universal that can be variously instantiated in physical books, or (now) eBooks. But it (or a better example) might go through several editions. What makes all these editions “of the same book”?
- I have touched upon Universals in various write-ups:-
- "Baillie (James) - What Am I?": see write-up8.
- "Baker (Lynne Rudder) - Response to Eric Olson": see write-up9.
- "Fine (Kit) - A Counter-Example To Locke's Thesis": see write-up10.
- "Markosian (Ned) - Three Problems for Olson's Account of Personal Identity": see write-up11.
- They also appear in Animadversions on talks at Heythrop by:-
- There is a potential relationship between Universals and Properties14 – realists contend that properties are Universals, and "Moreland (J.P.) - Universals" attacks the question of universals via that of properties. So, a consideration of "Mellor (D.H.) & Oliver (Alex), Eds. - Properties: Oxford Readings in Philosophy" might be in order.
- Leading on from this, I might also review my BA-finals essay on the Third Man Argument15, which deals with the problems caused by properties and universals.
- For a page of Links16 to this Note, Click here.
- Works on this topic that I’ve actually read17, include18 the following:-
- "Anscombe (G.E.M.) - Aristotle and the Sea Battle", Anscombe
- "Armstrong (David) - Introduction to Universals and Scientific Realism Vol. 1 (Nominalism and Realism)", Armstrong
- "Armstrong (David) - In Conclusion (Universals and Scientific Realism Vol. 2: A Theory of Universals)", Armstrong
- "Armstrong (David) - The Argument of Universals and Scientific Realism Vol. 1 (Nominalism and Realism)", Armstrong
- "Armstrong (David) - The Argument of Universals and Scientific Realism Vol. 2 (A Theory of Universals)", Armstrong
- "Armstrong (David) - What is a Law of Nature? Conclusions", Armstrong
- "Bacon (John), Campbell (Keith) & Reinhardt (Lloyd) - Ontology, Causality and Mind: Preface", Bacon Etc.
- "Baillie (James) - What Am I?", Baillie
- "Baker (Lynne Rudder) - Response to Eric Olson", Baker
- "Butchvarov (Panayot) - Being Qua Being: Introduction", Buchvaryov
- "Crane (Tim) & Farkas (Katalin) - Universals and Particulars: Introduction", Crane
- "Fine (Gail) - Platonic Questions", Fine19
- "Fine (Kit) - A Counter-Example To Locke's Thesis", Fine
- "Hartshorne (Charles) - The Necessarily Existent", Hartshorne
- "Lewis (David) - On the Plurality of Worlds (Selections)", Lewis
- "Lewis (David) - Philosophical Papers Volume II: Introduction", Lewis
- "Lewis (David) - The Problem of Temporary Intrinsics", Lewis
- "Lowe (E.J.) - More Kinds of Being: Preface", Lowe
- "Markosian (Ned) - Three Problems for Olson's Account of Personal Identity", Markosian
- "Moreland (J.P.) - The Problem(s) of Universals", Moreland
- "Olson (Eric) - What Are We? The Question", Olson
- "Quine (W.V.) - On What There Is", Quine
- "Russell (Bertrand) - The Problems of Philosophy", Russell
- "Van Inwagen (Peter) - Necessary Being: the Ontological Argument", van Inwagen
- A reading list20 (where not covered elsewhere) might start with:-
- "Armstrong (David) - Universals and Scientific Realism (Vol. 1: Nominalism and Realism)", Armstrong
- "Armstrong (David) - Universals and Scientific Realism (Vol. 2: A Theory of Universals)", Armstrong
- "Aune (Bruce) - Universals and Particulars", Aune
- "Bealer (George) - Universals and Properties", Bealer
- "Doyle (Robert O.) - Abstract Entities", Doyle
- "Hawley (Katherine) - David Lewis on Persistence", Hawley
- "Hawley (Katherine) - Mereology, Modality and Magic", Hawley
- "Hawley (Katherine) & Bird (Alexander) - What are Natural Kinds?", Hawley
- "Lewis (David) - New Work for a Theory of Universals", Lewis
→ "Funkhouser (Eric) - Notes on Lewis, 'New Work for a Theory of Universals'"
- "Loux (Michael) - The Problem of Universals I: Metaphysical Realism", Loux
- "Loux (Michael) - The Problem of Universals II: Nominalism", Loux
- "MacBride (Fraser) - The Particular-Universal Distinction: A Dogma of Metaphysics?", MacBride
- "Mellor (D.H.) & Oliver (Alex), Eds. - Properties: Oxford Readings in Philosophy", Mellor
- "Moreland (J.P.) - Universals", Moreland
- "O'Leary-Hawthorne (John) & Cover (J.A.) - A World of Universals", O'Leary-Hawthorne
- "Olson (Eric) - What Are We? Bundles", Olson
- "Sider (Ted) - Sparseness, Immanence, and Naturalness", Sider21
- "Teichman (Jenny) - Three Kinds of Realism About Universals", Teichman
- This is mostly a place-holder22.
- This is the write-up as it was when this Abstract was last output, with text as at the timestamp indicated (17/08/2018 21:59:02).
- Link to Latest Write-Up Note.
- A number of my philosophical Notes are “promissory notes” currently only listing the books and papers (if any) I possess on the topic concerned.
- I’ve decided to add some text – whether by way of motivation, or something more substantive – for all these identified topics related to my Thesis.
- As I want to do this fairly quickly, the text may be confused or show surprising ignorance.
- The reader (if such exists) will have to bear with me, and display the principle of charity while this footnote exists.
- If only a “non-updating” run has been made, the links are only one-way – ie. from the page of links to the objects that reference this Note by mentioning the appropriate key-word(s). The links are also only indicative, as they haven’t yet been confirmed as relevant.
- Once an updating run has been made, links are both ways, and links from this Notes page (from the “Authors, Books & Papers Citing this Note” and “Summary of Note Links to this Page” sections) are to the “point of link” within the page rather than to the page generically. Links from the “links page” remain generic.
- There are two sorts of updating runs – for Notes and other Objects. The reason for this is that Notes are archived, and too many archived versions would be created if this process were repeatedly run.
- Frequently I’ll have made copious marginal annotations, and sometimes have written up a review-note.
- In the former case, I intend to transfer the annotations into electronic form as soon as I can find the time.
- In the latter case, I will have remarked on the fact against the citation, and will integrate the comments into this Note in due course.
- My intention is to incorporate into these Notes comments on material I’ve already read rather than engage with unread material at this stage.
Footnote 19: See also "Fine (Gail) - On Ideas - Introduction".
- I may have read others in between updates of this Note – in which case they will be marked as such in the “References and Reading List” below.
- Papers or Books partially read have a rough %age based on the time spent versus the time expected.
Footnote 21: Look into the other papers by Sider in the categorised list if time.
- The Categorised readig-list is far too bloated for my interests.
- So I’ve included most of what I’ve actually read, but have been much more restrictive on unread items
Text Colour Conventions (see disclaimer)
- Blue: Text by me; © Theo Todman, 2019