After completing Chapter 5, students should be able to:
- Explain how an action potential is produced, and discuss the factors that affect an axon’s conduction speed.
- Describe fast synaptic transmission, including the role of neurotransmitters at excitatory and inhibitory synapses, and explain how slow synaptic transmission differs.
- Describe how brain imaging is being used to study brain activity
- Describe how motor neurons, interneurons, and sensory neurons differ from each other in structure, function, and prevalence
- Compare the structure and function of the autonomic and skeletal motor systems, including the sympathetic and parasympathetic portions of the autonomic system.
- Discuss the structure and functions of the spinal cord.
- Describe the functions of the brainstem and thalamus, and explain how the cerebellum and the basal ganglia are functionally complementary though anatomically distinct.
- Discuss the functions of the limbic system, and describe three ways by which the hypothalamus controls the body’s internal environment.
- Explain the principle of topographic organization of the cerebral cortex.
- Explain the functions of the premotor and supplementary motor areas of the cerebral cortex in skilled actions, and the role of the association areas in the control of movement.
- Explain, from an evolutionary perspective, why the nervous system is viewed as a hierarchy of movement-control mechanisms.
- Discuss the functional asymmetry of the cortex, citing examples, and explain what research with split-brain patients has shown about the abilities of the left and right hemispheres.
- Differentiate between Broca’s and Wernicke’s aphasias1, and explain what these conditions reveal about the brain’s involvement in language.
- Discuss research evidence that neurons may be modified by experience, referring to studies of monkeys, and humans, and discuss the role of long-term potentiation in learning.
- Compare hormones and neurotransmitters, explain how the brain controls the action of hormones, and describe how hormones affect behavior.
- Describe three ways in which drugs can alter activity at a synapse, and interpret drug effects in terms of the hierarchical model of behavior control.
- See Link
- Part 3: Physiological Mechanisms of Behavior
Text Colour Conventions (see disclaimer)
- Blue: Text by me; © Theo Todman, 2019
- Mauve: Text by correspondent(s) or other author(s); © the author(s)