After completing Chapter 6, students should be able to:
- Compare drive with incentive, explaining how they complement and interact with each other.
- Explain homeostasis and its importance in distinguishing between regulatory and non-regulatory drives.
- Distinguish between the five categories of drives, and describe the role of the hypothalamus as the hub of a central drive system.
- Discuss evidence that dopamine is a neurotransmitter in a reward pathway that is also involved in the rewarding effect of drugs, and explain the relation between brain-stimulation, reward and natural drives.
- Explain how brain stimulation is used to study drives.
- Discuss the role of the hypothalamus in the control of hunger.
- Discuss several other factors, both internal and external, that influence hunger.
- Discuss the factors that determine body weight, and discuss how dieting and exercise affect basal metabolism.
- Discuss how testosterone affects the male sex drive.
- Describe how the ovarian cycle affects sex drive in females.
- Describe the effects of the presence or absence of testosterone on the fetus1, and outline the evidence for the origins of human sexual orientation.
- Identify the EEG patterns for the different sleep2 stages and the differences between REM and slow-wave sleep3.
- Describe two theories about the function of sleep4, and discuss evidence that sleep5 is governed by an internal clock, noting how sleep6 deprivation affects behavior.
- Discuss evidence for the theory that REM sleep7 may function to maintain brain circuits and consolidate new learning.
- Describe the brain mechanisms that control sleep8, citing the evidence for these mechanisms.
- Discuss several theories of emotion, citing evidence relevant to each theory.
- Discuss evidence that the amygdala and frontal lobes are involved in the generation and subjective experience of emotions.
- See Link
- Part 3: Physiological Mechanisms of Behavior
Text Colour Conventions (see disclaimer)
- Blue: Text by me; © Theo Todman, 2019
- Mauve: Text by correspondent(s) or other author(s); © the author(s)