<!DOCTYPE html><HTML lang="en"> <head><meta charset="utf-8"> <title>Funkhouser (Eric) - What Is Metaphysics? (Theo Todman's Book Collection - Paper Abstracts) </title> <link href="../../TheosStyle.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"><link rel="shortcut icon" href="../../TT_ICO.png" /></head> <BODY> <CENTER> <div id="header"><HR><h1>Theo Todman's Web Page - Paper Abstracts</h1><HR></div><A name="Top"></A> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_20/PaperSummary_20387.htm">What Is Metaphysics?</A></th></tr> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../Authors/F/Author_Funkhouser (Eric).htm">Funkhouser (Eric)</a></th></tr> <tr><th>Source: Funkhouser (Eric) - Metaphysics, Spring 2014</th></tr> <tr><th>Paper - Abstract</th></tr> </TABLE> </CENTER> <P><CENTER><TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=600><tr><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_20/PaperSummary_20387.htm">Paper Summary</A></td><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_20/PaperCitings_20387.htm">Books / Papers Citing this Paper</A></td><td><A HREF="#ColourConventions">Text Colour-Conventions</a></td></tr></TABLE></CENTER></P> <hr><P><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><u><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P20387_1">Outline</A></U><SUB>1</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P20387_1"></A></u><FONT COLOR = "800080"><ol type="1"><li>What is the <U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P20387_2">subject</A></U><SUB>2</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P20387_2"></A> matter of metaphysics? </li><li>What is the <U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P20387_3">methodology</A></U><SUB>3</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P20387_3"></A> for doing metaphysics? <ul type="disc"><li>Conceptual <U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P20387_4">Analysis</A></U><SUB>4</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P20387_4"></A> and Conceptual <U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P20387_5">Connections</A></U><SUB>5</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P20387_5"></A>; are useful because they:- <BR>1. Foster better understanding and communication.<BR>2. Provide a recipe for classifying objects or events.<BR>3. Change our perceptions and / or thoughts.<BR>4. Alter our practices.<BR>5. Inform our standards of evaluation for the appropriate kind.<BR>6. Reveal why the concept is thought to be important, valuable, etc.<BR>7. Are needed for official, practical, and oftentimes bureaucratic purposes.</li><li>Thought <U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P20387_6">Experiments</A></U><SUB>6</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P20387_6"></A> and <U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P20387_7">Intuitions</A></U><SUB>7</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P20387_7"></A></li><li><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P20387_8">Arguments</A></U><SUB>8</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P20387_8"></A></li></ul></li><li>Skepticism and <U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P20387_9">disdain</A></U><SUB>9</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P20387_9"></A> for metaphysics</li></ol></FONT><BR><HR><BR><U><B>In-Page Footnotes</U></B><a name="On-Page_Link_P20387_1"></A><BR><BR><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P20387_1"><B>Footnote 1</B></A></U>: Extracted by TT, with Notes. <a name="On-Page_Link_P20387_2"></A><BR><BR><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P20387_2"><B>Footnote 2</B></A></U>: <ul type="disc"><li>Ontology, and  the nature of things at the most abstract level of investigation .</li><li>Distinguish metaphysics from epistemology. </li><li>For more in-depth discussions (I would say), see:-<BR><a name="2"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_03/Abstract_3471.htm">Lowe (E.J.) - Introduction: The Nature of Metaphysics</A>", and <BR><a name="3"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_04/Abstract_4177.htm">Van Inwagen (Peter) & Zimmerman (Dean) - What Is Metaphysics?</A>". </li><li>From a theological perspective, see:-<BR><a name="4"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_08/Abstract_8400.htm">LePoidevin (Robin) - Arguing for Atheism: Preface / Introduction</A>", and<BR><a name="5"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_19/Abstract_19817.htm">Moreland (J.P.) & Craig (William Lane) - Philosophical Foundations for a Christian Worldview: Metaphysics</A>". </li></ul><a name="On-Page_Link_P20387_3"></A><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P20387_3"><B>Footnote 3</B></A></U>: <ul type="disc"><li><em>a priori</em>, but not just armchair speculation. </li><li>Evaluation subject to the standards of other domains. </li><li>Consistent with empirical discoveries. </li><li>Informed by the best science of the day. </li></ul><a name="On-Page_Link_P20387_4"></A><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P20387_4"><B>Footnote 4</B></A></U>: <ul type="disc"><li>Sometime stipulative, but often going beyond mere definition. </li><li>Determining necessary and sufficient conditions for the application of a concept or membership of a kind. </li></ul><a name="On-Page_Link_P20387_5"></A><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P20387_5"><B>Footnote 5</B></A></U>: <ul type="disc"><li>For example the connection between <em>free will</em> and <em>determinism</em>, after these concepts have been analysed. </li><li>While these connections have, historically, been determined <em>a priori</em>, latterly <em>experimental philosophers</em> have applied empirical methods. </li></ul><a name="On-Page_Link_P20387_6"></A><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P20387_6"><B>Footnote 6</B></A></U>: <ul type="disc"><li>Funkhouser will take talk of other  possible worlds as a figure of speech for how the universe could have been. </li><li>Simplifies things  as do  frictionless planes for physicists. </li><li>Close connection between a correct analysis and <a name="1"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_1/Notes_121.htm">modality</a>. </li><li>We are referred to <a name="6"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_20/Abstract_20426.htm">Brown (James Robert) & Fehige (Yiftach) - Thought Experiments</A>". </li></ul><a name="On-Page_Link_P20387_7"></A><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P20387_7"><B>Footnote 7</B></A></U>: Not discussed, though  intuition pumps were mentioned earlier (though not referred to Dennett). <a name="On-Page_Link_P20387_8"></A><BR><BR><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P20387_8"><B>Footnote 8</B></A></U>: In evaluating an argument, either the logic may be wrong (an invalid argument), or one of the premises may be false (an unsound one). <a name="On-Page_Link_P20387_9"></A><BR><BR><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P20387_9"><B>Footnote 9</B></A></U>: <ul type="disc"><li>Not really discussed, in the sense of defended against, but we are referred to Hume s famous  Commit it then to the flames dictum, and to the logical positivists, as exemplified by <a name="7"></a>"<A HREF = "../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_00/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_2.htm">Ayer (A.J.) - Language, Truth and Logic</A>". </li><li>However, two criticisms   meaninglessness pseudo-questions versus  meaningful but pointless, because unanswerable  are distinguished </li></ul><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR></P><a name="ColourConventions"></a><p><b>Text Colour Conventions (see <A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1025.htm">disclaimer</a>)</b></p><OL TYPE="1"><LI><FONT COLOR = "0000FF">Blue</FONT>: Text by me; 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