<!DOCTYPE html><HTML lang="en"> <head><meta charset="utf-8"> <title>Baker (Lynne Rudder) - A Farewell to Functionalism (Theo Todman's Book Collection - Paper Abstracts) </title> <link href="../../TheosStyle.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"><link rel="shortcut icon" href="../../TT_ICO.png" /></head> <BODY> <CENTER> <div id="header"><HR><h1>Theo Todman's Web Page - Paper Abstracts</h1><HR></div><A name="Top"></A> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_20/PaperSummary_20607.htm">A Farewell to Functionalism</A></th></tr> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../Authors/B/Author_Baker (Lynne Rudder).htm">Baker (Lynne Rudder)</a></th></tr> <tr><th>Source: Philosophical Studies, Vol. 48, No. 1 (Jul., 1985), pp. 1-13</th></tr> <tr><th>Paper - Abstract</th></tr> </TABLE> </CENTER> <P><CENTER><TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=600><tr><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_20/PaperSummary_20607.htm">Paper Summary</A></td><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_20/PapersToNotes_20607.htm">Notes Citing this Paper</A></td><td><A HREF="#ColourConventions">Text Colour-Conventions</a></td></tr></TABLE></CENTER></P> <hr><P><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><U>Author s Abstract</U><FONT COLOR = "800080"> <ol type="1"><li>The ascendancy of functionalism marks a period of optimism in the philosophy of mind. In recent years, functionalism has provided the dominant expression of the hope that beliefs, desires and intentions, as attributed by means of 'that'-clauses, can be accommodated by a scientific theory of mental processes. I shall regard as functionalist those views which define psychological states in terms of causal relations among sensory inputs, internal states and behavioral outputs, all ultimately describable in terms applied to automata; and my claim will be that attitudes, such as beliefs identified by 'that'-clauses, can not be construed as functional states, on pain of contradiction. </li><li>Classical functionalism fails because it is caught in an unrecognized dilemma, a dilemma concerning the <a name="1"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_77.htm">individuation</A><SUP>1</SUP> of psychological states that explain behavior. Beliefs are individuated by most functionalists in terms of that 'that'-clauses; functional states are individuated 'narrowly' (i.e., specifiable without presupposing the existence of anything other than the individual whose states they are). If beliefs are to be functional states, <a name="2"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_77.htm">individuation</A><SUP>2</SUP> in terms of 'that'-clauses (on some construal) must coincide with genuinely 'narrow' <a name="3"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_77.htm">individuation</A><SUP>3</SUP>. Items that can not be identified in terms of 'that'-clauses do not qualify as beliefs; items that can not be identified narrowly do not qualify as functional states. But <a name="4"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_77.htm">individuation</A><SUP>4</SUP> in terms of the narrowest of 'that'-clauses (i.e., in terms of narrow semantic type) leads to the following dilemma: Either the functionalist is committed to an inconsistent triad, or no states identified by 'that'-clauses are sufficiently narrow to allow beliefs to be functional states. </li></ol></FONT><hr><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><B>Comment: </B><BR><BR>See <a name="W2858W"></a><A HREF = "http://people.umass.edu/lrb/files/bak85farS.pdf" TARGET = "_top">Link</A>.<BR><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR></P><a name="ColourConventions"></a><p><b>Text Colour Conventions (see <A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1025.htm">disclaimer</a>)</b></p><OL TYPE="1"><LI><FONT COLOR = "0000FF">Blue</FONT>: Text by me; &copy; Theo Todman, 2018</li><LI><FONT COLOR = "800080">Mauve</FONT>: Text by correspondent(s) or other author(s); &copy; the author(s)</li></OL> <BR><HR><BR><CENTER> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <TR><TD WIDTH="30%">&copy; Theo Todman, June 2007 - August 2018.</TD> <TD WIDTH="40%">Please address any comments on this page to <A HREF="mailto:theo@theotodman.com">theo@theotodman.com</A>.</TD> <TD WIDTH="30%">File output: <time datetime="2018-08-02T09:22" pubdate>02/08/2018 09:22:18</time> <br><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1010.htm">Website Maintenance Dashboard</A></TD></TR> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="#Top">Return to Top of this Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="40%"><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_11/Notes_1140.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Philosophy Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="../../index.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Home Page</A></TD> </TR></TABLE></CENTER><HR> </BODY> </HTML>