- Tight correlations between mental states and brain states have been observed time and again within
- the ethology of biologically ingrained animal behaviors,
- the comparative psychology of animal minds,
- the evolutionary psychology of mental adaptations,
- the behavioral genetics of inherited mental traits,
- the developmental psychology of the maturing mind,
- the psychopharmacology of mind-altering substances, and
- cognitive neuroscience more generally.
- They imply that our mental lives are only made possible because of brain activity — that having a functioning brain is a necessary condition for having conscious experiences.
- This dependence thesis yields predictions that have been spectacularly confirmed by the evidence, whereas its antithesis has been massively disconfirmed — at least so long as it is not formulated so vaguely as to yield no specific empirical consequences at all.
- Dualists are thus forced to make a difficult choice: either
- retain a belief in personal survival at the expense of ignoring or dismissing the implications of our best evidence, or
- accept those implications at the expense of acknowledging that the prospects for personal survival are extremely dim.
- Introduction: A Probabilistic Argument
- Scientific Reasoning I: Mill's Methods and Modern Epidemiological
- Scientific Reasoning II: Inference to the Best Explanation, Testability, and Predictive Success
- Parsimony: Tempering Explanations to Minimize False Beliefs
- Plausibility: Harmonizing Explanations with Background Knowledge
- Testability & Confirmation: Checking Hypotheses Against the Data
- Confirmation of the Dependence Thesis from Failed Attempts to Falsify It
- Confirmation of the Dependence Thesis from the Falsification of its Rival
- Scope: Bringing Disparate Facts Together
- Fertility: Generating New Lines of Research
- Table 10.1: Evaluation of the dependence and independence theses according to inference to the best explanation
- Scientific Reasoning III: Bayesian and Information-Theoretic Approaches
- Bayesian Probability
- Bayesian Confirmation Theory
- A Bayesian Approach to the Dependence and Independence Theses
- The Probabilistic Price of Ad Hoc Accommodation: Simplicity vs. Goodness of Fit
- Simplicity Reflected in the Likelihood
- Simplicity Reflected in the Prior Probability
- Prediction vs. Accommodation
- Bayesian Analysis of the Dependence and Independence Theses
- The Dualist's Dilemma: Reject Science, or Reject Personal Survival?
- What's Left for a Soul to Do?
Footnote 1: Taken from Link, numbering mine.
Text Colour Conventions (see disclaimer)
- Blue: Text by me; © Theo Todman, 2018
- Mauve: Text by correspondent(s) or other author(s); © the author(s)