<!DOCTYPE html><HTML lang="en"> <head><meta charset="utf-8"> <title>DeGrazia (David) - The Nature of Human Death (Theo Todman's Book Collection - Paper Abstracts) </title> <link href="../../TheosStyle.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"><link rel="shortcut icon" href="../../TT_ICO.png" /></head> <BODY> <CENTER> <div id="header"><HR><h1>Theo Todman's Web Page - Paper Abstracts</h1><HR></div><A name="Top"></A> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_20/PaperSummary_20719.htm">The Nature of Human Death</A></th></tr> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../Authors/D/Author_DeGrazia (David).htm">DeGrazia (David)</a></th></tr> <tr><th>Source: Luper - The Cambridge Companion to Life and Death, 2014, Chapter 5</th></tr> <tr><th>Paper - Abstract</th></tr> </TABLE> </CENTER> <P><CENTER><TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=600><tr><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_20/PaperSummary_20719.htm">Paper Summary</A></td><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_20/PapersToNotes_20719.htm">Notes Citing this Paper</A></td><td><A HREF="#ColourConventions">Text Colour-Conventions</a></td></tr></TABLE></CENTER></P> <hr><P><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><U>Editor s <U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P20719_1">Introduction</A></U><SUB>1</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P20719_1"></A></U><FONT COLOR = "800080"><ol type="1"><li>Chapter 5 concerns the question: what is it for a human being to die? </li><li>David DeGrazia discusses the strengths and weaknesses of three standards for determining when death occurs: <ol type="i"><li>first, the whole-brain standard, which says that death occurs when the entire brain irreversibly ceases to function; </li><li>second, the traditional cardiopulmonary standard, according to which death occurs when the heart and lungs irreversibly cease to function; and </li><li>third, the higher-brain standard, which says that death is the irreversible loss of the capacity for consciousness. </ol></li><li>He criticizes the last, mostly on the grounds that it rests on an implausible account of personal identity, and while he defends an updated version of the cardiopulmonary standard, he eventually concludes that, for practical reasons, the best policy is much like the one that is already in place in the USA, namely the standard that consists in the disjunction of the (updated) cardiopulmonary standard and the whole-brain standard. </li><li>At the end of his chapter he suggests that some of the things that are now done only posthumously should be done sooner: in some cases, people who are irreversibly unconscious should be allowed to die and vital organs should be removed for <a name="1"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_1/Notes_104.htm">transplantation</A><SUP>2</SUP>.</li></ol></FONT><BR><HR><BR><U><B>In-Page Footnotes</U></B><a name="On-Page_Link_P20719_1"></A><BR><BR><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P20719_1"><B>Footnote 1</B></A></U>: Taken from <a name="2"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_20/Abstract_20717.htm">Luper (Steven) - The Cambridge Companion to Life and Death: Introduction</A>". <BR><BR><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR></P><a name="ColourConventions"></a><p><b>Text Colour Conventions (see <A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1025.htm">disclaimer</a>)</b></p><OL TYPE="1"><LI><FONT COLOR = "0000FF">Blue</FONT>: Text by me; &copy; Theo Todman, 2018</li><LI><FONT COLOR = "800080">Mauve</FONT>: Text by correspondent(s) or other author(s); &copy; the author(s)</li></OL> <BR><HR><BR><CENTER> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <TR><TD WIDTH="30%">&copy; Theo Todman, June 2007 - August 2018.</TD> <TD WIDTH="40%">Please address any comments on this page to <A HREF="mailto:theo@theotodman.com">theo@theotodman.com</A>.</TD> <TD WIDTH="30%">File output: <time datetime="2018-08-02T09:24" pubdate>02/08/2018 09:24:17</time> <br><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1010.htm">Website Maintenance Dashboard</A></TD></TR> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="#Top">Return to Top of this Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="40%"><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_11/Notes_1140.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Philosophy Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="../../index.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Home Page</A></TD> </TR></TABLE></CENTER><HR> </BODY> </HTML>