<!DOCTYPE html><HTML lang="en"> <head><meta charset="utf-8"> <title>Bailey (Andrew M.) - The Priority Principle (Theo Todman's Book Collection - Paper Abstracts) </title> <link href="../../TheosStyle.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"><link rel="shortcut icon" href="../../TT_ICO.png" /></head> <BODY> <CENTER> <div id="header"><HR><h1>Theo Todman's Web Page - Paper Abstracts</h1><HR></div><A name="Top"></A> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_20/PaperSummary_20777.htm">The Priority Principle</A></th></tr> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../Authors/B/Author_Bailey (Andrew M.).htm">Bailey (Andrew M.)</a></th></tr> <tr><th>Source: Journal of the American Philosophical Association (2014) 1 12</th></tr> <tr><th>Paper - Abstract</th></tr> </TABLE> </CENTER> <P><CENTER><TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=400><tr><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_20/PaperSummary_20777.htm">Paper Summary</A></td><td><A HREF="#ColourConventions">Text Colour-Conventions</a></td></tr></TABLE></CENTER></P> <hr><P><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><u>Author s Abstract</u><FONT COLOR = "800080"><ol type="1"><li>Some philosophers say that you do not think in the primary or non-derivative sense. Rather, they say some item distinct from you (perhaps one of your parts or something of which you are a part) does your thinking for you; you inherit your mental life from that item. </li><li>In this paper, I argue that this is a mistake. We do not inherit our thoughts in this way.</li></ol></FONT><BR><u>Author s Introduction</u><FONT COLOR = "800080"><ol type="1"><li>Some philosophers say that you do not think in the primary or non-derivative sense. Rather, they say some item distinct from you (perhaps one of your parts or something of which you are a part) does your thinking for you; you <em>inherit</em> your mental life from that item. In this paper, I argue that this is a mistake. We do not inherit our thoughts in this way. </li><li>I proceed as follows. <ol type="i"><li>First, I identify a Priority Principle according to which we exhibit certain of our properties in the primary or non-derivative sense. I motivate the principle with an argument and then demonstrate its consequences in the metaphysics of human persons. As it turns out, the principle is inconsistent with certain views in the metaphysics and philosophy of mind. </li><li>Along the way, I will identify certain philosophers who endorse views at odds with the Priority Principle. One lesson from this exercise is simple; those philosophers are wrong (at least, they have endorsed views with implausible consequences). </li><li>But my overall aim is more general. I wish to show not just that a few philosophers have been wrong, but to pave the way for progress in the metaphysics of human persons by showing that <em>all</em> views like theirs come at a substantial theoretical price. For those unwilling to pay that price, such views are dead ends. </ol></li></ol></FONT><BR><u>Sections</u><FONT COLOR = "800080"><ol type="1"><li>Introduction</li><li>The Priority Principle <ul type="disc"><li>We human persons have mental properties (like <em>hoping for rain</em>) in the primary and non-derivative sense. We think our thoughts in the primary and non-derivative sense.</li></ul></li><li>An Argument for the Priority Principle</li><li>The Principle Applied <ul type="disc"><li>4.1 Thinking Material Parts</li><li>4.2 Union Dualism</li><li>4.3 Hylomorphism</li><li>4.4 Constitutionalism </li></ul></li><li>Endgame </li></ol></FONT><BR><u>Author s Conclusion</u><FONT COLOR = "800080"><ol type="1"><li>& Can we use what we have learned here to make headway in the metaphysics of human persons and perhaps in metaphysics more generally? I believe we can. For there are a number of views that do <em>not</em> conflict with the Priority Principle. These views deserve our attention. I will quickly point to two such views (I favor the first): <ol type="I"><li><b><a name="1"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_24.htm">Animalism</A><SUP>1</SUP></b>: We are <a name="2"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_12/Notes_1265.htm">human animals</A><SUP>2</SUP>, and as such we are living, breathing, wholly material beings. But it is not our brains (or any other items distinct from us) that think for us. Rather, we <a name="3"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_12/Notes_1265.htm">human animals</A><SUP>3</SUP> think in the primary and non-derivative sense. </li><li><b>Cartesian dualism</b>: We are wholly immaterial, thinking beings  souls. Our souls are not  contra union dualism  parts of us. Rather, we are our souls. And we souls think in the primary and Non-derivative sense. </ol></li><li><a name="4"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_24.htm">Animalism</A><SUP>4</SUP> and Cartesian dualism respect the Priority Principle; they pass one important hurdle. This counts in their favor, at least over the other views I ve considered in this paper. We would do well to consider them carefully, for one of them may well be the sober truth. </li></ol></FONT><hr><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><B>Comment: </B><BR><BR>See <a name="W2430W"></a><A HREF = "http://andrewmbailey.com/ThePriorityPrinciple.pdf" TARGET = "_top">Link</A>.<BR><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR></P><a name="ColourConventions"></a><p><b>Text Colour Conventions (see <A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1025.htm">disclaimer</a>)</b></p><OL TYPE="1"><LI><FONT COLOR = "0000FF">Blue</FONT>: Text by me; &copy; Theo Todman, 2018</li><LI><FONT COLOR = "800080">Mauve</FONT>: Text by correspondent(s) or other author(s); &copy; the author(s)</li></OL> <BR><HR><BR><CENTER> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <TR><TD WIDTH="30%">&copy; Theo Todman, June 2007 - August 2018.</TD> <TD WIDTH="40%">Please address any comments on this page to <A HREF="mailto:theo@theotodman.com">theo@theotodman.com</A>.</TD> <TD WIDTH="30%">File output: <time datetime="2018-08-02T09:25" pubdate>02/08/2018 09:25:07</time> <br><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1010.htm">Website Maintenance Dashboard</A></TD></TR> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="#Top">Return to Top of this Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="40%"><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_11/Notes_1140.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Philosophy Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="../../index.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Home Page</A></TD> </TR></TABLE></CENTER><HR> </BODY> </HTML>