<!DOCTYPE html><HTML lang="en"> <head><meta charset="utf-8"> <title>Corcoran (Kevin) - Nothing-But Materialism (Theo Todman's Book Collection - Paper Abstracts) </title> <link href="../../TheosStyle.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"><link rel="shortcut icon" href="../../TT_ICO.png" /></head> <BODY> <CENTER> <div id="header"><HR><h1>Theo Todman's Web Page - Paper Abstracts</h1><HR></div><A name="Top"></A> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_20/PaperSummary_20791.htm">Nothing-But Materialism</A></th></tr> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../Authors/C/Author_Corcoran (Kevin).htm">Corcoran (Kevin)</a></th></tr> <tr><th>Source: Corcoran (Kevin) - Rethinking Human Nature, Chapter 2</th></tr> <tr><th>Paper - Abstract</th></tr> </TABLE> </CENTER> <P><CENTER><TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=800><tr><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_20/PaperSummary_20791.htm">Paper Summary</A></td><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_20/PaperCitings_20791.htm">Books / Papers Citing this Paper</A></td><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_20/PapersToNotes_20791.htm">Notes Citing this Paper</A></td><td><A HREF="#ColourConventions">Text Colour-Conventions</a></td></tr></TABLE></CENTER></P> <hr><P><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><U>Author s <U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P20791_1">Abstract</A></U><SUB>1</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P20791_1"></A></U><FONT COLOR = "800080"><ol type="1"><li>In chapter 2 I examine the claim that we human persons are identical with our bodies. I consider two views people may mean to express with that claim and argue that neither view is true. </li><li>One of the views discussed in this chapter is the view known as <em><a name="1"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_24.htm">animalism</A><SUP>2</SUP></em>. This view identifies human persons with human <U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P20791_3">animals</A></U><SUB>3</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P20791_3"></A>. According to this view, you and I are <em>essentially</em> animals and only <em>contingently</em> persons, which is to say that while we could not exist and fail to be animals, we could exist (and in fact at one time did) without being persons. </li><li>In other words, according to <a name="2"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_24.htm">animalism</A><SUP>4</SUP>, the property of being a person is like the property of being married or single. During some stages of our existence, we may be married, while during other stages of our existence, we may be single. During our fetal lives, we were not persons; now we are. If things should go badly for us, we may end up once again as nonpersons. For example, according to <a name="3"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_24.htm">animalism</A><SUP>5</SUP>, if the upper part of my brain should suffer traumatic damage, such that I completely lack all capacity for a psychological life, but the lower part of my brain remains intact, such that the biological functions necessary for biological life continue, then I should continue to exist (as an animal) but cease to be a person. </li><li>I will argue that there is an important sense in which it is true to say that we are <a name="4"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_12/Notes_1265.htm">human animals</A><SUP>6</SUP>. Nevertheless, I argue that there is an equally important but different sense in which it is true to say that we are not <a name="5"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_12/Notes_1265.htm">human animals</A><SUP>7</SUP>. The sense in which it is true to say that we are not animals is the sense in which it is true to say that we are not identical to our biological bodies. So, in this chapter I show why it is a mistake to identify human persons with <a name="6"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_12/Notes_1265.htm">human animals</A><SUP>8</SUP> and, therefore, why I believe that <a name="7"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_24.htm">animalism</A><SUP>9</SUP> is false. </li><li>At the end of chapter 2, we find ourselves in a puzzling situation. For while I do not identify myself with an immaterial soul or a compound of soul and body, neither do I believe I am identical with the physical object that is my biological body. But how can that be? If I am not an immaterial soul or a compound of soul and body, how could I possibly be a material object if I am not the material object that is my body? </li></ol></FONT><BR><HR><BR><U><B>In-Page Footnotes</U></B><a name="On-Page_Link_P20791_1"></A><BR><BR><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P20791_1"><B>Footnote 1</B></A></U>: Taken from <a name="8"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_20/Abstract_20715.htm">Corcoran (Kevin) - Rethinking Human Nature: Introduction - What Kind of Things Are We?</A>". <a name="On-Page_Link_P20791_3"></A><BR><BR><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P20791_3"><B>Footnote 3</B></A></U>: <FONT COLOR = "800080">See <a name="9"></a>"<A HREF = "../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_00/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_130.htm">Olson (Eric) - The Human Animal - Personal Identity Without Psychology</A>" (1997); and <a name="10"></a>"<A HREF = "../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_00/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_126.htm">Merricks (Trenton) - Objects and Persons</A>" (2001). </FONT> <BR><BR><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR></P><a name="ColourConventions"></a><p><b>Text Colour Conventions (see <A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1025.htm">disclaimer</a>)</b></p><OL TYPE="1"><LI><FONT COLOR = "0000FF">Blue</FONT>: Text by me; &copy; Theo Todman, 2018</li><LI><FONT COLOR = "800080">Mauve</FONT>: Text by correspondent(s) or other author(s); &copy; the author(s)</li></OL> <BR><HR><BR><CENTER> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <TR><TD WIDTH="30%">&copy; Theo Todman, June 2007 - August 2018.</TD> <TD WIDTH="40%">Please address any comments on this page to <A HREF="mailto:theo@theotodman.com">theo@theotodman.com</A>.</TD> <TD WIDTH="30%">File output: <time datetime="2018-08-02T09:25" pubdate>02/08/2018 09:25:30</time> <br><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1010.htm">Website Maintenance Dashboard</A></TD></TR> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="#Top">Return to Top of this Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="40%"><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_11/Notes_1140.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Philosophy Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="../../index.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Home Page</A></TD> </TR></TABLE></CENTER><HR> </BODY> </HTML>