<!DOCTYPE html><HTML lang="en"> <head><meta charset="utf-8"> <title>Tobia (Kevin Patrick) - Does Religious Belief Infect Philosophical Analysis? (Theo Todman's Book Collection - Paper Abstracts) </title> <link href="../../TheosStyle.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"><link rel="shortcut icon" href="../../TT_ICO.png" /></head> <BODY> <CENTER> <div id="header"><HR><h1>Theo Todman's Web Page - Paper Abstracts</h1><HR></div><A name="Top"></A> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_20/PaperSummary_20870.htm">Does Religious Belief Infect Philosophical Analysis?</A></th></tr> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../Authors/T/Author_Tobia (Kevin Patrick).htm">Tobia (Kevin Patrick)</a></th></tr> <tr><th>Source: SSRN, downloaded 29/05/2015</th></tr> <tr><th>Paper - Abstract</th></tr> </TABLE> </CENTER> <P><CENTER><TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=600><tr><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_20/PaperSummary_20870.htm">Paper Summary</A></td><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_20/PapersToNotes_20870.htm">Notes Citing this Paper</A></td><td><A HREF="#ColourConventions">Text Colour-Conventions</a></td></tr></TABLE></CENTER></P> <hr><P><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><U>Author s Abstract</U><FONT COLOR = "800080"><ol type="1"><li>One popular conception of natural theology holds that certain purely rational arguments are insulated from empirical inquiry and independently establish conclusions that provide evidence, justification, or proof of God s existence. </li><li>Yet, some raise suspicions that philosophers and theologians personal religious beliefs inappropriately affect these kinds of arguments. </li><li>I present an experimental test of whether philosophers and theologians argument analysis is influenced by religious commitments. </li><li>The empirical findings suggest religious belief affects philosophical analysis and offer a challenge to theists and atheists, alike: re-evaluate the scope of natural theology s conclusions or acknowledge and begin to address the influence of religious belief. </li></ol> </FONT><BR><U>Sections</U><FONT COLOR = "800080"><ol type="1"><li>Religious Belief and Philosophical Argument</li><li>The <a name="1"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_1/Notes_121.htm">Modal</A><SUP>1</SUP> Ontological Argument</li><li>An Experiment</li><li>The Robustness of the Empirical Results and Challenge</li><li>From Magisterial to Ministerial Reason</li><li>Conclusion </li></ol> </FONT> <BR><u>Comments</u> <ol type="1"><li>Religious Belief and Philosophical Argument<ul type="disc"><li><a name="3"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_20/Abstract_20713.htm">Bourget (David) & Chalmers (David) - What Do Philosophers Believe?</A>" (Section 3.9 / Table 10) shows that greatest correlation between Specialisation and view is comfortably that between Philosophy of Religion and Theism. </li><li>Bourget & Chalmers take on this is <FONT COLOR = "800080"> These results suggest that there is such a thing as specialist opinion in philosophy, whether or not specialists are more likely to be right. </FONT> This remark applies to all the correlations found, so doesn t imply any anti-religious bias. </li><li>My view is that  in the case of Theism  it s (these days) such as a polarising view that  in general  a person would only adopt a specialism in the Philosophy of Religion if they had a special interest in Theism, which would only tend to be if they <ol type="i"><li>are a theist, who remains convinced by the arguments</li><li>had been a theist but is no longer convinced by the arguments and thinks the issue important enough (or had sufficient  sunk costs in the subject) to persist with, or </li><li>are atheists who consider theism to be a virus that needs eradicating and consider it their public duty to crusade for this end. </ol>The bulk of philosophers (these days) are probably atheists or agnostics (Bourget & Chalmers only have 10% down as  decided theists ) and consider Philosophy of Religion not something worthy of their attention.</li><li>So, I don t think the correlation between Philosophy of Religion and espousal of Theism is a sinister (or salutary) connection.</li><li>However, Tobia only uses it as a motivator for his Experimental Philosophy exercise  which (while unmotivated in my view) does reveal bias in the evaluation of arguments  both by theists and atheists  and therefore needs investigation. </li></ul></li><li>The <a name="2"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_1/Notes_121.htm">Modal</A><SUP>2</SUP> Ontological Argument<ul type="disc"><li></li></ul></li><li>An Experiment<ul type="disc"><li></li></ul></li><li>The Robustness of the Empirical Results and Challenge<ul type="disc"><li></li></ul></li><li>From Magisterial to Ministerial Reason<ul type="disc"><li></li></ul></li><li>Conclusion <ul type="disc"><li></li></ul></li></ol><hr><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><B>Comment: </B><ul type="disc"><li>Penultimate draft - non-citable. </li><li>See <a name="W2501W"></a><A HREF = "https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2539084" TARGET = "_top">Link</A>. </li></ul><BR><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR></P><a name="ColourConventions"></a><p><b>Text Colour Conventions (see <A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1025.htm">disclaimer</a>)</b></p><OL TYPE="1"><LI><FONT COLOR = "0000FF">Blue</FONT>: Text by me; &copy; Theo Todman, 2018</li><LI><FONT COLOR = "800080">Mauve</FONT>: Text by correspondent(s) or other author(s); &copy; the author(s)</li></OL> <BR><HR><BR><CENTER> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <TR><TD WIDTH="30%">&copy; Theo Todman, June 2007 - August 2018.</TD> <TD WIDTH="40%">Please address any comments on this page to <A HREF="mailto:theo@theotodman.com">theo@theotodman.com</A>.</TD> <TD WIDTH="30%">File output: <time datetime="2018-08-03T00:14" pubdate>03/08/2018 00:14:30</time> <br><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1010.htm">Website Maintenance Dashboard</A></TD></TR> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="#Top">Return to Top of this Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="40%"><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_11/Notes_1140.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Philosophy Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="../../index.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Home Page</A></TD> </TR></TABLE></CENTER><HR> </BODY> </HTML>