<!DOCTYPE html><HTML lang="en"> <head><meta charset="utf-8"> <title>Campbell (Tim) & McMahan (Jeff) - Animalism and the Varieties of Conjoined Twinning (Theo Todman's Book Collection - Paper Abstracts) </title> <link href="../../TheosStyle.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"><link rel="shortcut icon" href="../../TT_ICO.png" /></head> <BODY> <CENTER> <div id="header"><HR><h1>Theo Todman's Web Page - Paper Abstracts</h1><HR></div><A name="Top"></A> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_21/PaperSummary_21016.htm">Animalism and the Varieties of Conjoined Twinning</A></th></tr> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../Authors/C/Author_Campbell (Tim).htm">Campbell (Tim)</a> & <A HREF = "../../Authors/M/Author_McMahan (Jeff).htm">McMahan (Jeff)</a></th></tr> <tr><th>Source: Blatti & Snowdon - Animalism: New Essays on Persons, Animals, and Identity, 2016: Part III, Chapter 11, pp. 229-252</th></tr> <tr><th>Paper - Abstract</th></tr> </TABLE> </CENTER> <P><CENTER><TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=800><tr><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_21/PaperSummary_21016.htm">Paper Summary</A></td><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_21/PaperCitings_21016.htm">Books / Papers Citing this Paper</A></td><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_21/PapersToNotes_21016.htm">Notes Citing this Paper</A></td><td><A HREF="#ColourConventions">Text Colour-Conventions</a></td></tr></TABLE></CENTER></P> <hr><P><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><u>Authors Abstract</u><FONT COLOR = "800080"><ol type="1"><li>We defend the view that we are not identical to organisms against the objection that it implies that there are two subjects of every conscious state one experiences: oneself and one s organism. </li><li>We then criticize <a name="1"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_24.htm">animalism</A><SUP>1</SUP>  the view that each of us is identical to a human organism  by showing that it has unacceptable implications for a range of actual and hypothetical cases of <a name="2"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_68.htm">conjoined</A><SUP>2</SUP> <a name="3"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_11/Notes_1173.htm">twinning</A><SUP>3</SUP>: <a name="4"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_68.htm">dicephalus</A><SUP>4</SUP>, craniopagus parasiticus, and cephalopagus. </li></ol></FONT><BR><U>Sections</U><FONT COLOR = "800080"><ol type="1"><li><a name="5"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_24.htm">Animalism</A><SUP>5</SUP> and the Challenge of <a name="6"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_68.htm">Dicephalus</A><SUP>6</SUP></li><li>The Too-Many-Subjects Problem</li><li>You Are a Part of an Organism</li><li>Objections to the <a name="7"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_68.htm">Dicephalus</A><SUP>7</SUP> Argument</li><li>Craniopagus parasiticus</li><li>Severed Heads and Headless Bodies</li><li><a name="8"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_68.htm">Cephalopagus</A><SUP>8</SUP> </li></ol></FONT><U><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P21016_9">Editors Introduction</A></U><SUB>9</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P21016_9"></A></U><FONT COLOR = "800080"><BR><BR>In Chapter 11, Tim Campbell and Jeff McMahan do two very important things. <ol type="1"><li>They construct what they see as counterexamples to the <a name="9"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_24.htm">animalist</A><SUP>10</SUP> identity based on the cases where either there are what might be called two-headed animals and cases where there are what might be called two animals sharing a single head. About these cases they claim that either they involve two subjects or selves and a single animal  in which case both subjects cannot be the animal, hence one is not an animal  or they involve one subject and two animals, and since there is no reason to identify the self with one of the animals rather than the other, it cannot be either animal. These cases are extremely interesting, and <ol type="i"><li>One issue is whether Campbell and McMahan adjudicate them correctly. </li><li>But the second crucial issue is what it would show if they are right about these cases. They simply assert that we  standard and typical humans  are the same sort of thing as the selves in these odd cases. But is that a legitimate assumption? </ol></li><li>The second thing they do is to develop a conception of ourselves according to which we either are brains or are constituted by brains (or parts of brains). A very basic question is whether this conception is supported by consideration of the examples, but also whether such an approach has any plausibility. </li></ol></FONT><hr><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><B>Comment: </B><ul type="disc"><li>Hard copy in <a name="11"></a>"<A HREF = "../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_05/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_5966.htm">Various - Papers on Identity Boxes: Vol 04 (C)</A>". </li><li>Originally published in Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics, 31(4), 2010; pp. 285-301. </li><li>This Chapter is a revised version of that Paper. </li></ul><BR><BR><HR><BR><U><B>In-Page Footnotes</U></B><a name="On-Page_Link_P21016_9"></A><BR><BR><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P21016_9"><B>Footnote 9</B></A></U>: Taken from <a name="10"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_22/Abstract_22071.htm">Blatti (Stephan) & Snowdon (Paul), Eds - Animalism: Introduction</A>". <BR><BR><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR></P><a name="ColourConventions"></a><p><b>Text Colour Conventions (see <A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1025.htm">disclaimer</a>)</b></p><OL TYPE="1"><LI><FONT COLOR = "0000FF">Blue</FONT>: Text by me; &copy; Theo Todman, 2018</li><LI><FONT COLOR = "800080">Mauve</FONT>: Text by correspondent(s) or other author(s); &copy; the author(s)</li></OL> <BR><HR><BR><CENTER> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <TR><TD WIDTH="30%">&copy; Theo Todman, June 2007 - August 2018.</TD> <TD WIDTH="40%">Please address any comments on this page to <A HREF="mailto:theo@theotodman.com">theo@theotodman.com</A>.</TD> <TD WIDTH="30%">File output: <time datetime="2018-08-02T09:30" pubdate>02/08/2018 09:30:24</time> <br><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1010.htm">Website Maintenance Dashboard</A></TD></TR> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="#Top">Return to Top of this Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="40%"><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_11/Notes_1140.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Philosophy Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="../../index.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Home Page</A></TD> </TR></TABLE></CENTER><HR> </BODY> </HTML>