<!DOCTYPE html><HTML lang="en"> <head><meta charset="utf-8"> <title>Zimmerman (Dean) - From Experience to Experiencer (Theo Todman's Book Collection - Paper Abstracts) </title> <link href="../../TheosStyle.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"><link rel="shortcut icon" href="../../TT_ICO.png" /></head> <BODY> <CENTER> <div id="header"><HR><h1>Theo Todman's Web Page - Paper Abstracts</h1><HR></div><A name="Top"></A> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_21/PaperSummary_21136.htm">From Experience to Experiencer</A></th></tr> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../Authors/Z/Author_Zimmerman (Dean).htm">Zimmerman (Dean)</a></th></tr> <tr><th>Source: The Soul Hypothesis, ed. By Mark C. Baker and Stewart Goetz (Continuum, 2011), pp. 168-96</th></tr> <tr><th>Paper - Abstract</th></tr> </TABLE> </CENTER> <P><CENTER><TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=600><tr><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_21/PaperSummary_21136.htm">Paper Summary</A></td><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_21/PapersToNotes_21136.htm">Notes Citing this Paper</A></td><td><A HREF="#ColourConventions">Text Colour-Conventions</a></td></tr></TABLE></CENTER></P> <hr><P><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><u>Author s Introduction</u><FONT COLOR = "800080"><ol type="1"><li>Throughout history and pre- history, the majority view of humankind seems always to have been that there is more to a person than the body, and that an  <a name="1"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_9/Notes_978.htm">afterlife </A><SUP>1</SUP> is possible because this  something more  the soul or spirit  does not pass away with the death of the body. Many philosophers have agreed, developing various forms of mind- body dualism. Philosophical dualists such as Plato, Aquinas, and Descartes  and, more recently, Karl Popper, Richard Swinburne, and William Hasker  disagree about many details. But they have this much in common: they believe that, for every person who thinks or has experiences, there is a thing  a soul or spiritual substance  that lacks many or most of the physical properties characteristic of non- thinking material objects like rocks and trees; and that this soul is essential to the person, and in one way or another responsible for the person s mental life. </li><li>Nowadays, this view is often called  substance dualism, and contrasted with various forms of  property dualism. Property dualism is the idea that the mental properties of persons are significantly independent of, or in some other way distinct from, the physical properties of persons. The distinction between the two kinds of dualism allows for an intermediate view, the combination of property dualism with substance materialism. On this conception of what it is to be a human person, each of us is a material object  something that, ultimately, is made up entirely of parts that can be found in non- thinking things  but a material object with a special kind of properties  mental properties or states, varieties of feelings and thoughts  that are at least somewhat independent of our purely physical aspects. This combination of property dualism with substance materialism is sometimes called  the dual-aspect theory. </li></ol> </FONT><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR></P><a name="ColourConventions"></a><p><b>Text Colour Conventions (see <A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1025.htm">disclaimer</a>)</b></p><OL TYPE="1"><LI><FONT COLOR = "0000FF">Blue</FONT>: Text by me; &copy; Theo Todman, 2018</li><LI><FONT COLOR = "800080">Mauve</FONT>: Text by correspondent(s) or other author(s); &copy; the author(s)</li></OL> <BR><HR><BR><CENTER> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <TR><TD WIDTH="30%">&copy; Theo Todman, June 2007 - August 2018.</TD> <TD WIDTH="40%">Please address any comments on this page to <A HREF="mailto:theo@theotodman.com">theo@theotodman.com</A>.</TD> <TD WIDTH="30%">File output: <time datetime="2018-08-02T09:32" pubdate>02/08/2018 09:32:38</time> <br><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1010.htm">Website Maintenance Dashboard</A></TD></TR> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="#Top">Return to Top of this Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="40%"><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_11/Notes_1140.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Philosophy Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="../../index.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Home Page</A></TD> </TR></TABLE></CENTER><HR> </BODY> </HTML>