Cogito, Ergo Sum: Inference or Performance? |
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Hintikka (Jaakko) |

Source: Philosophical Review, Vol. 71, No. 1 (Jan., 1962), pp. 3-32 |

Paper - Abstract |

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__Author’s Introduction__

- The fame (some would say the notoriety) of the adage
*cogito, ergo sum*makes one expect that scholarly industry has long since exhausted whatever interest it may have historically or topically. A perusal of the relevant literature, however, fails to satisfy this expectation. - After hundreds of discussions of Descartes's famed principle we still do not seem to have any way of expressing his alleged insight in terms which would be general and precise enough to enable us to judge its validity or its relevance to the consequences he claimed to draw from it.
- Thirty years ago Heinrich Scholz wrote that there not only remain many important questions concerning the Cartesian dictum unanswered but that there also remain important questions unasked. Several illuminating papers later, the situation still seems essentially the same today.

*Cogito, ergo sum*as a problem- Some historical aspects of the problem
- What is the relation of
*cogito*to*sum*? *Cogito, ergo sum*as a logical inference- Descartes's temptation
- Existential inconsistency
- Existentially inconsistent sentences
- Descartes's insight
- The
*Cogito*and introspection - The singularity of the
*Cogito* - The role of the
*Cogito*in Descartes's system - Descartes and his predecessors
- Summing up
- The ambiguity of the Cartesian
*Cogito* - The ambiguity of the Cartesian
*cogitatio*

See:-

- "Cargile (James) - Review of Hintikka - Cogito, Ergo Sum: Inference or Performance?" for a review,
- "Hintikka (Jaakko) - Cogito, Ergo Sum as an Inference and a Performance" for a response other criticisms, and
- "Hintikka (Jaakko) - The Cartesian Cogito, Epistemic Logic and Neuroscience: Some Surprising Interrelations" for a follow-up 25 years later.

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