This pseudo-Paper is intended as the mechanism to record time spent on the Note 'Animal Rights' during my Thesis research, as from 2015. Click here for Note.
Write-up1 (as at 18/12/2017 20:15:22): Animal Rights
- The motivation for including this topic – which is in its primarily ethical aspect largely tangential to my Thesis (which focuses on metaphysics) – is at least threefold:-
- Firstly, as Locke noted, personal identity is a forensic3 matter.
- As I’m inclined towards animalism4, the status of other animals is relevant – in particular in resisting the claims of those (eg. Lynne Rudder Baker) that when a FPP5 comes into existence, we get a major ontological6 change.
- Some animal rights theorists – eg. Gary Francione – want to give (at least some) animals the legal and moral standing of persons7.
- Other contemporary philosophers – eg. Peter Carruthers – argue that animals have no rights at all.
- My view is somewhere in the middle. I’m not a fan of rights (in the absence of a contract), but think that human beings have duties to one another and to the higher animals in virtue of the others’ needs.
- There needs to be a division of labour between this Note and that on Animals8. My intention is that only moral issues be discussed in this Note – and in particular those issues that affect or reflect the moral status of animals, whether human or not, or persons or not. Discussion of the capacities – cognitive and otherwise – and metaphysical questions involving the individuation and persistence conditions of animals – human and others – will feature in the other Note.
- Works on this topic that I’ve actually read9, include10 the following:-
- "Bekoff (Marc) - The Emotional Lives of Animals: A Leading Scientist Explores Animal Joy, Sorrow, and Empathy and Why They Matter",
- "Birch (Jonathan) - Crabs and lobsters deserve protection from being cooked alive", Brief Comment
- "Carruthers (Peter) - The Animals Issue: Moral Theory in Practice - Preface", Footnotes added to text
- "Carruthers (Peter) - The Animals Issue: Moral Theory in Practice - Conclusion", Footnotes added to text
- "Cavalieri (Paola) & Singer (Peter), Eds. - The Great Ape Project - Equality Beyond Humanity",
- "Cave (Stephen) - Not nothing",
- "Cave (Stephen) - Who killed Knut?",
- "Charlton (Anna E.) & Francione (Gary) - A humanely killed animal is still killed – and that’s wrong",
- "Giubilini (Alberto) - Why vegetarians should be prepared to bend their own rules",
- "Gruen (Lori) - Ethics and Animals: An Introduction",
- "Ishiguro (Kazuo) - Never Let Me Go", Written Up11
- "King (Barbara J.) - The pig on your plate",
- "Layard (Antonia) - Review of Animals, Property and the Law by Gary L. Francione",
- "Marshall (Richard) & Rowlands (Mark) - Mark Rowlands: Hour of the Wolf",
- "Moore (Richard) - There is a moral argument for keeping great apes in zoos",
- "Pynes (Christopher A.) - Review of Animals as Persons: Essays on the Abolition of Animal Exploitation by Gary L. Francione",
- "Regan (Tom) - The Case for Animal Rights: Preface",
- "Singer (Peter), Ed. - In Defence of Animals",
- "Stingl (Michael) - Still Waiting for Rain: Review of 'Rain Without Thunder' by Gary L. Francione",
- "Watson (Alan) - Introduction to Animal Rights: Your Child or the Dog? Foreword",
- Other12 important books and papers to engage with are:-
- "Benton (Ted) - Natural Relations: Ecology, Animal Rights & Social Justice",
- "Blum (Deborah) - The Monkey Wars",
- "Carruthers (Peter) - Against the moral standing of animals",
- "Carruthers (Peter) - Suffering without subjectivity",
- "Carruthers (Peter) - Sympathy and subjectivity",
- "Carruthers (Peter) - The Animals Issue: Moral Theory in Practice",
- "Carruthers (Peter) - Why the question of animal consciousness might not matter very much",
- "De Waal (Frans) - The Ape and the Sushi Master: Cultural Reflections of a Primatologist",
- "DeGrazia (David) - Taking Animals Seriously: Mental Life and Moral Status",
- "Desmond (Adrian) - The Ape's Reflexion",
- "Forrester (Mary) - How Animals Ought to be Treated",
- "Forrester (Mary) - Animal Rights",
- "Francione (Gary) - Animals as Persons: Essays on the Abolition of Animal Exploitation",
- "Francione (Gary) - Introduction to Animal Rights: Your Child or the Dog?",
- "Rachels (James) - Created From Animals: The Moral Implications of Darwinism",
- "Regan (Tom) - The Case for Animal Rights",
- "Rowlands (Mark) - The Philosopher and the Wolf",
- "Scruton (Roger) - Animal Rights and Wrongs",
- "Sharpe (Robert) - The Cruel Deception: The Use of Animals in Medical Research",
- "Sheldrake (Rupert) - Dogs That Know When Their Owners are Coming Home: And Other Unexplained Powers of Animals",
- "Singer (Peter) - Animal Liberation".
- See the categorised reading list below, most of which seems relevant.
- This is a place-holder13.
- This is the write-up as it was when this Abstract was last output, with text as at the timestamp indicated (18/12/2017 20:15:22).
- Link to Latest Write-Up Note.
- A number of my philosophical Notes are “promissory notes” currently only listing the books and papers (if any) I possess on the topic concerned.
- I’ve decided to add some text – whether by way of motivation, or something more substantive – for all these identified topics related to my Thesis.
- As I want to do this fairly quickly, the text may be confused or show surprising ignorance.
- The reader (if such exists) will have to bear with me, and display the principle of charity while this footnote exists.
- Frequently I’ll have made copious marginal annotations, and sometimes have written up a review-note.
- In the former case, I intend to transfer the annotations into electronic form as soon as I can find the time.
- In the latter case, I will have remarked on the fact against the citation, and will integrate the comments into this Note in due course.
- I may have read others in between updates of this Note – in which case they will be marked as such in the “References and Reading List” below.
- This is relevant to the discussion of animal rights only tangentially, but importantly, I think.
- I’ve listed almost the lot – this will require sifting when I get down to serious work on the topic.
Text Colour Conventions (see disclaimer)
- Blue: Text by me; © Theo Todman, 2018