- This pseudo-Paper is intended as the mechanism to record time spent on the Note 'Naturalism1' during my Thesis research, as from 2015.
- For the actual time recorded, click on "Paper Statistics" above.
Write-up2 (as at 03/09/2018 19:49:26): Naturalism
- Ontological Naturalism: is the assumption – tacit or explicit – that there are no supernatural entities or causes in nature. Baker4 distinguishes two forms of naturalism:-
- Weaker: there is no supernatural reality.
- Stronger: science is the arbiter of reality and knowledge.
- Methodological Naturalism: this makes no ontological claims, but just adopts the reasonable stance that we should proceed (in the sciences, but also in historical investigations and in everyday life) as though Weak Naturalism were true. This form5 of naturalism cannot be adopted when addressing supernatural claims, without begging the question. But since supernatural events are – to say the least – rare, it is best to presume naturalism unless forced by the evidence to assume otherwise – and even then it may be best simply to await further evidence or the advance of science.
- What Baker terms Strong Naturalism seems to be the same as, or to include, Naturalised Epistemology.
- I just note in passing that “naturalisation” – that is, explaining in fully naturalistic terms (possibly involving reduction6) – is a process that can be applied to just about any field.
- I leave it as an open question at this stage whether naturalism is equivalent to physicalism7, implies it, is implied by it, or is orthogonal to it.
- The relevance of this Note to my Thesis stems from my interest on the Christian Materialists8, and also from the topic of resurrection9, or other “possibilities” of post-mortem10 survival.
- For a page of Links11 to this Note, Click here. The list is far too long for such a peripheral topic, so I’ve not made an “updating” run, but have just used the list as an indicator of likely material.
- Works on this topic that I’ve actually read12, include13 the following:-
- "Alexander (Denis) - Evolution – Intelligent and Designed?", Alexander
- "Baker (Lynne Rudder) - Naturalism and the First-Person Perspective: What Is The Problem?", Baker
- "Baker (Lynne Rudder) - Selfless Persons: Goodness in an Impersonal World?", Baker
- "Bourget (David) & Chalmers (David) - What Do Philosophers Believe?", Bourget & Chalmers
- "Brandon (Ed) - Review of Galen Strawson's 'Consciousness and Its Place in Nature: Does Physicalism Entail Panpsychism?'", Brandon
- "Carrier (R.C.) - The argument from biogenesis: Probabilities against a natural origin of life", Carrier
- "Collins (Francis) - The Language of God: A Scientist Presents Evidence for Belief", Collins
- "Conway Morris (Simon) - Darwin’s Compass: How Evolution Discovers the Song of Creation", Conway Morris
- "Cottingham (John) - Spirituality, Religion and the Naturalist Challenge", Cottingham
- "Dennett (Daniel) - Thank Goodness!", Dennett
- "Dretske (Fred) - Naturalising the Mind: Preface", Dretske
- "Ellis (Fiona) - Naturalism and Value (Take 2)", Ellis
- "Gasser (Georg) - Personal Identity and Resurrection: Introduction", Gasser
- "Haldane (John) - Naturalism and Mind", Haldane
- "Hornsby (Jennifer) - Simple Mindedness: In Defense of Naïve Naturalism in the Philosophy of Mind", Hornsby
- "Krishna (Nakul) - Is goodness natural?", Krishna
- "Laudan (Larry) - Progress Or Rationality? The Prospects For Normative Naturalism", Laudan
- "Laudan (Larry) - A Confutation of Convergent Realism", Laudan
- "Le Fanu (James) - Doubts About Darwin", Le Fanu
- "Marshall (Richard) & Churchland (Patricia) - Patricia Churchland: Causal Machines", Marshall & Churchland
- "Marshall (Richard) & Rowlands (Mark) - Mark Rowlands: Hour of the Wolf", Marshall & Rowlands
- "Marshall (Richard) & Tiberius (Valerie) - Valerie Tiberius: Mostly Elephant, Ergo…", Marshall & Tiberius
- "Oppy (Graham) - An Argument for Atheism From Naturalism", Oppy
- "Papineau (David) - The Argument for Naturalism about the Mind", Papineau
- "Petrus (Klaus) - Human Persons. Some Conceptual Remarks", Petrus
- "Plantinga (Alvin) - Where the Conflict Really Lies: Science, Religion, and Naturalism - Preface", Plantinga
- "Quine (W.V.) - Epistemology Naturalized", Quine
- "Rey (Georges) - Meta-atheism: Religious Avowal as Self-Deception", Rey
- "Smith (Quentin) - The Metaphilosophy of Naturalism", Smith
- "Walsh (Denis) - Naturalism, Evolution and Mind: Editor's Introduction", Walsh
- "Ward (Keith) - God and Metaphysics", Ward
- "Ward (Keith) - The Bad Argument: Review of A.C. Grayling's 'The God Argument'", Ward
- "Wilson (Jack) - Personal Identity Naturalized: Our Bodies, Our Selves", Wilson
- The study-list for Naturalism could be quite extensive, based on the categorised reading list, so I’ve been somewhat selective14:-
- "Almeder (Robert) - Harmless Naturalism: The Limits of Science and the Nature of Philosophy", Almeder
- "Almeder (Robert) - On Naturalizing Epistemology", Almeder
- "Anscombe (G.E.M.) - A Reply to Mr C. S. Lewis's Argument that 'Naturalism' is Self-Refuting", Anscombe
- "Baker (Lynne Rudder) - Can Subjectivity be Naturalized?", Baker
- "Baker (Lynne Rudder) - Does Naturalism Rest on a Mistake?", Baker
- "Baker (Lynne Rudder) - Naturalism and the First-Person Perspective", Baker
- "Baker (Lynne Rudder) - The First-Person Perspective: A Test For Naturalism", Baker
- "Baker (Lynne Rudder) - The Metaphysics of Everyday Life: An Essay in Practical Realism", Baker
- "Beilby (James), Ed. - Naturalism Defeated?: Essays on Plantinga's Evolutionary Argument Against Naturalism", Beilby
- "Devitt (Michael) - A Naturalistic Defense of Realism", Devitt
- "Dretske (Fred) - Naturalising the Mind: The 1994 Jean Nicod Lectures", Dretske
- "Eales (Evan) - Naturalism and Physicalism", Eales
- "French (Peter), Uehling (Theodore) & Wettstein (Howard) - Midwest Studies in Philosophy (Vol XIX) - Philosophical Naturalism", French
- "Kornblith (Hilary) - Naturalizing Epistemology", Kornblith
- "Ladyman (James), Ross (Don), Spurrett (David) & Collier (John) - Every Thing Must Go: Metaphysics Naturalized", Ladyman
- "Papineau (David) - Naturalism", Papineau
- "Papineau (David) - Philosophical Naturalism", Papineau15
- "Plantinga (Alvin) - Methodological Naturalism?", Plantinga
- "Putnam (Hilary) - Why Reason Can't Be Naturalized", Putnam
- "Sklar (Lawrence) - I'd Love to Be a Naturalist—if Only I Knew What Naturalism Was", Sklar
- "Sklar (Lawrence) - Naturalism and the Interpretation of Theories", Sklar
- "Sosa (Ernest) - Natural Theology and Natural Atheology: Plantinga's Evolutionary Argument Against Naturalism", Sosa
- "Stenmark (Mikael) - What Is Scientism", Stenmark
- "Walsh (Denis), Ed. - Naturalism, Evolution and the Mind", Walsh
- "Wright (Crispin) - The Conceivability of Naturalism", Wright
- This is a place-holder16.
- This is the write-up as it was when this Abstract was last output, with text as at the timestamp indicated (03/09/2018 19:49:26).
- Link to Latest Write-Up Note.
Footnote 4: Footnote 5:
- A number of my philosophical Notes are “promissory notes” currently only listing the books and papers (if any) I possess on the topic concerned.
- I’ve decided to add some text – whether by way of motivation, or something more substantive – for all these identified topics related to my Thesis.
- As I want to do this fairly quickly, the text may be confused or show surprising ignorance.
- The reader (if such exists) will have to bear with me, and display the principle of charity while this footnote exists.
- Or Weak Naturalism, of course. But Strong Naturalism (in the absence of Methodological Naturalism) might be consistent.
- This Note – which needs some work – is specific to Personal Identity.
- If only a “non-updating” run has been made, the links are only one-way – ie. from the page of links to the objects that reference this Note by mentioning the appropriate key-word(s). The links are also only indicative, as they haven’t yet been confirmed as relevant.
- Once an updating run has been made, links are both ways, and links from this Notes page (from the “Authors, Books & Papers Citing this Note” and “Summary of Note Links to this Page” sections) are to the “point of link” within the page rather than to the page generically. Links from the “links page” remain generic.
- There are two sorts of updating runs – for Notes and other Objects. The reason for this is that Notes are archived, and too many archived versions would be created if this process were repeatedly run.
- Frequently I’ll have made copious marginal annotations, and sometimes have written up a review-note.
- In the former case, I intend to transfer the annotations into electronic form as soon as I can find the time.
- In the latter case, I will have remarked on the fact against the citation, and will integrate the comments into this Note in due course.
- My intention is to incorporate into these Notes comments on material I’ve already read rather than engage with unread material at this stage.
- I may have read others in between updates of this Note – in which case they will be marked as such in the “References and Reading List” below.
- Papers or Books partially read have a rough %age based on the time spent versus the time expected.
- Actually, this isn’t entirely true, but eventually I got fed up!
- Maybe review the list if and when I get round to writing on this topic.
- This might be an ideal place to start, but it’s too expensive, so I’ve not bought a copy!
Text Colour Conventions (see disclaimer)
- Blue: Text by me; © Theo Todman, 2019