Animal minds are real, (distinctively) human minds are not
Carruthers (Peter)
Source: American Philosophical Quarterly 50 (2013), 233-247
Paper - Abstract

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Author’s Abstract

  1. Many philosophers think that human and animal minds are radically different from one another. Either they differ architecturally, in such a way that only humans have genuine concepts and propositional attitudes (while animals at best have proto-concepts and proto-attitudes), or humans possess a second mind (a conscious System 2 mind) that non-human animals lack.
  2. This article will argue that both views are mistaken.


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