<!DOCTYPE html><HTML lang="en"> <head><meta charset="utf-8"> <title>Francione (Gary) - Introduction to Animal Rights: Your Child or the Dog? Introduction (Theo Todman's Book Collection - Paper Abstracts) </title> <link href="../../TheosStyle.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"><link rel="shortcut icon" href="../../TT_ICO.png" /></head> <BODY> <CENTER> <div id="header"><HR><h1>Theo Todman's Web Page - Paper Abstracts</h1><HR></div><A name="Top"></A> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_21/PaperSummary_21500.htm">Introduction to Animal Rights: Your Child or the Dog? Introduction</A></th></tr> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../Authors/F/Author_Francione (Gary).htm">Francione (Gary)</a></th></tr> <tr><th>Source: Francione (Gary) - Introduction to Animal Rights: Your Child or the Dog? Introduction</th></tr> <tr><th>Paper - Abstract</th></tr> </TABLE> </CENTER> <P><CENTER><TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=400><tr><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_21/PaperSummary_21500.htm">Paper Summary</A></td><td><A HREF="#ColourConventions">Text Colour-Conventions</a></td></tr></TABLE></CENTER></P> <hr><P><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><U>Comments</U><ol type="1"><li><b>Animals: What We Say and What We Do</b>:<ul type="disc"><li>Statistics on  animal lovers & the majority in favour of animals rights to be free of suffering. Statistics on expenditure on pets, and  as an example - $800k spent rescuing 3 whales stuck under Alaskan ice. </li><li>Contrasting statistics on our use of animals for:- <ol type="i"><li>Food: an interesting statistic was that 7.9 bn of the 8 bn animals killed each year for food are chickens. That still leaves a lot of non-chickens, of course. </li><li>Hunting: a big issue in the USA  200m killed / year and maybe the same again injured but not  retrieved . </li><li>Biomedical experimentation</li><li>Entertainment: this is rather a <U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P21500_1">mixed bag</A></U><SUB>1</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P21500_1"></A> and includes zoos, circuses, horse and dog racing, marine mammal shows, rodeos and bullfighting. </li><li><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P21500_2">Clothing</A></U><SUB>2</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P21500_2"></A></ol></li><li>It s not just the numbers, but the poor treatment  industrial animals receive before and durig their end. </li><li>So  in summary  we claim to think animals have morally-signficant interests, but our treatment of them belies such claims. </li></ul></li><li><b>Our Conventional Wisdom:Can We Prefer Humas But Only When  Necessary ? </b>: <ul type="disc"><li></li><li><ol type="i"><li><em>Intuition 1: We Can Prefer Humans in Situations of  Necessity </em></li><li><em>Intuition 2: It Is Wrong to Inflict  Unnecessary Suffering on Animals</em> </ol> </li><li> </li></ul></li><li><b>The Humane Treatment Principle: A Prohibition against  Unnecessary Animal Suffering</b>:<ul type="disc"><li></li></ul></li><li><b>The Problem: We Do Not Practice What We Preach</b>:<ul type="disc"><li></li></ul></li><li><b>Animals as Property: An Unbalanced Balance</b>:<ul type="disc"><li></li></ul></li><li><b>The Solution: Taking Animal Interests Seriously</b>:<ul type="disc"><li></li><li><ol type="i"><li><em>The Concept of Rights</em>: </li><li><em>The Basic Right Not to Be Treated as a Thing</em>:</li><li><em>Animal Rights</em>:</li><li><em>What About the Burning House?</em>: </ol> </li><li></li></ul></li><li><b>Confusion about Animal Ethics</b>:<ul type="disc"><li></li></ul> </li><li><b>Earlier Approaches</b>:<ul type="disc"><li></li></ul> </li><li><b>A Word about  Proving Moral Matters</b>:<ul type="disc"><li></li></ul> </li><li><b>Animal Minds</b>:<ul type="disc"><li></li></ul> </li><li><b>An Outline of the Book</b>: <FONT COLOR = "800080"><ul type="disc"><li>In Chapters 1 and 2, we will explore what I call  moral schizophrenia about animals. We all claim to accept the humane treatment principle and to agree that inflicting unnecessary suffering on animals is morally wrong. Nevertheless, the overwhelming portion of our animal use cannot be described as necessary in any coherent or meaningful sense. </li><li>In Chapter 3, we will see that the reason for our schizophrenia is related to the status of animals as property. As long as we regard animals as things that we own and they have only that value which we accord them, animal suffering will almost always be considered necessary as long as it provides some benefit for us as property owners. </li><li>In Chapter 4, we will explore the cure for our moral schizophrenia: the application of the principle of equal consideration, which requires that we extend to animals the basic right not to be treated as human property and that we abolish animal exploitation. </li><li>In Chapter 5, we will consider whether there are any sound moral reasons that would justify our not extending this basic right to animals.</li><li>In Chapter 6, we will consider as a historical matter how the humane treatment principle went wrong and why we thought that we could treat animals as having moral status while at the same time we continued to use them as our resources. </li><li>In Chapter 7, we will discuss whether we can preserve our intuition that we may prefer humans in situations of true emergency or conflict while at the same time we accept the position that all sentient nonhumans possess a basic right not to be treated as things and that we may not use animals as our resources. </li><li>In the Appendix, I will discuss twenty commonly asked questions about animal rights, and I will endeavor to provide answers to those questions.</li></ul></FONT> </li></ol><BR><HR><BR><U><B>In-Page Footnotes</U></B><a name="On-Page_Link_P21500_1"></A><BR><BR><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P21500_1"><B>Footnote 1</B></A></U>: <ul type="disc"><li>Francione s Kantian approach to animal rights leads him to lump together gross ills with  jobs . </li><li>Many  maybe most  human beings have tought lives which are not much fun. There are few free lunches for humans or other animals. </li><li>That s not to say that the majority of human and non-human animals should not be better treated, but  treatment isn t the root of the problem for Francione  rather, moral  status is. </li></ul> <a name="On-Page_Link_P21500_2"></A><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P21500_2"><B>Footnote 2</B></A></U>: <ul type="disc"><li>Francione entitles this  fashion , but the use of animal skins for clothing has long historical precedent  substantially a necessity. </li><li>This is one of the least justifiable present uses, except where skins are a by-product of other uses. </li><li>However, the examples given are of animals bred specifically for the fashion industry. </li></ul> <FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR></P><a name="ColourConventions"></a><p><b>Text Colour Conventions (see <A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1025.htm">disclaimer</a>)</b></p><OL TYPE="1"><LI><FONT COLOR = "0000FF">Blue</FONT>: Text by me; &copy; Theo Todman, 2018</li><LI><FONT COLOR = "800080">Mauve</FONT>: Text by correspondent(s) or other author(s); &copy; the author(s)</li></OL> <BR><HR><BR><CENTER> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <TR><TD WIDTH="30%">&copy; Theo Todman, June 2007 - August 2018.</TD> <TD WIDTH="40%">Please address any comments on this page to <A HREF="mailto:theo@theotodman.com">theo@theotodman.com</A>.</TD> <TD WIDTH="30%">File output: <time datetime="2018-08-02T09:38" pubdate>02/08/2018 09:38:22</time> <br><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1010.htm">Website Maintenance Dashboard</A></TD></TR> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="#Top">Return to Top of this Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="40%"><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_11/Notes_1140.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Philosophy Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="../../index.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Home Page</A></TD> </TR></TABLE></CENTER><HR> </BODY> </HTML>