<!DOCTYPE html><HTML lang="en"> <head><meta charset="utf-8"> <title>Todman (Theo) - Thesis - Non-Human Persons (Theo Todman's Book Collection - Paper Abstracts) </title> <link href="../../TheosStyle.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"><link rel="shortcut icon" href="../../TT_ICO.png" /></head> <BODY> <CENTER> <div id="header"><HR><h1>Theo Todman's Web Page - Paper Abstracts</h1><HR></div><A name="Top"></A> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_21/PaperSummary_21678.htm">Thesis - Non-Human Persons</A></th></tr> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../Authors/T/Author_Todman (Theo).htm">Todman (Theo)</a></th></tr> <tr><th>Source: </th></tr> <tr><th>Paper - Abstract</th></tr> </TABLE> </CENTER> <P><CENTER><TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=400><tr><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_21/PaperSummary_21678.htm">Paper Summary</A></td><td><A HREF = "../../Notes/Notes_11/Notes_1164.htm">Link to Latest Write-Up Note</A></td></tr></TABLE></CENTER></P> <hr><P><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><ul type="disc"><li>This pseudo-Paper is intended as the mechanism to record time spent on the Note '<a name="1"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_11/Notes_1164.htm">Non-Human Persons</A><SUP>1</SUP>' during my Thesis research, as from 2016. </li><li>For the actual time recorded, click on "Paper Summary" above. </li></ul><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><hr><br><B><u><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P21678_2">Write-up</A></U><SUB>2</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P21678_2"></A></u> (as at 07/03/2018 22:29:17): Non-Human Persons</B><BR><br><u><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P21678_3">Plug Note</A></U><SUB>3</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P21678_3"></A></u><ul type="disc"><li>Other notes cover <a name="2"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_9.htm">Persons</A><SUP>4</SUP> and <a name="3"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_75.htm">Human Persons</A><SUP>5</SUP>, </li><li>Amongst philosophers, if not amongst the general populace, it is usually take for granted that there can be persons who are not <a name="4"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_74.htm">human beings</A><SUP>6</SUP>. The usual candidates are:- <ol type="i"><li>The higher <a name="5"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_30.htm">Non-human Animals</A><SUP>7</SUP>, especially the Great Apes, </li><li>Aliens,</li><li>Angels,</li><li>God,</li><li><a name="6"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_51.htm">Androids</A><SUP>8</SUP> (or appropriately-configured Robots), </li><li><a name="7"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_66.htm">Cyborgs</A><SUP>9</SUP>, at least those with <a name="8"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_47.htm">silicon</A><SUP>10</SUP> (or other inorganic) <a name="9"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_55.htm">brains</A><SUP>11</SUP> (those with human brains will, naturally, be <u>human</u> persons. </li><li>Computers  or computer programs  of appropriate structure and complexity. </li></ol></li><li>See also <a name="10"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_9/Notes_939.htm">Transhumanism</A><SUP>12</SUP>. </li><li>Angels and aliens are discussed in <a name="14"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_04/Abstract_4191.htm">Wiggins (David) - Reply to Snowdon (Persons and Personal Identity)</A>" and the claim is that insofar as we can conceptualise them, they are <a name="11"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_30.htm">animals</A><SUP>13</SUP>. So they aren t counter-examples to the supposition that all persons are animals (though this doesn t rule out non-human animals being persons). </li><li>Wiggins also discusses robot-persons. If, in order to satisfy the conditions of personhood, these end up as molecule-by-molecule <a name="12"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_58.htm">clones</A><SUP>14</SUP> of animals, these are animals also.</li><li>This Note will discuss whether these candidates can be persons, and what  if they can  this fact tells us about what persons are. </li><li>In the process, it may be necessary to create Notes for those candidates that do not currently have them. </li><li>Works on this topic that <U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P21678_15">I ve actually read</A></U><SUB>15</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P21678_15"></A>, <U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P21678_16">include</A></U><SUB>16</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P21678_16"></A> the following:- <ol type="i"><li><a name="15"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_04/Abstract_4191.htm">Wiggins (David) - Reply to Snowdon (Persons and Personal Identity)</A>"</li></ol></li><li>There is currently no categorised reading-list associated with this Note. A preliminary reading list would include:- <ol type="i"><li><a name="16"></a>"<A HREF = "../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_06/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_6376.htm">Francione (Gary) - Animals as Persons: Essays on the Abolition of Animal Exploitation</A>", Francione</li><li><a name="17"></a>"<A HREF = "../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_02/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_2666.htm">Fetzer (James) - The Evolution of Intelligence: Are Humans the Only Animals with Minds?</A>", Fetzer</li><li><a name="18"></a>"<A HREF = "../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_03/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_3633.htm">Hurley (Susan) & Nudds (Matthew) - Rational Animals?</A>", Hurley&Nudds</li><li><a name="19"></a>"<A HREF = "../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_01/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_1397.htm">Leiber (Justin) - Can Animals and Machines Be Persons? : A Dialogue</A>", Leiber</li><li><a name="20"></a>"<A HREF = "../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_04/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_4309.htm">Savage-Rumbaugh (E.Sue) & Lewin (Roger) - Kanzi: Ape at the Brink of the Human Mind</A>", Savage-Rumbaugh</li><li><a name="21"></a>"<A HREF = "../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_04/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_4136.htm">Kurzweil (Ray) - The Age of Spiritual Machines</A>", Kurzweil</li><li><a name="22"></a>"<A HREF = "../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_01/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_1349.htm">Puccetti (Roland) - Persons: A Study of Possible Moral Agents in the Universe</A>", Puccetti</li><li><a name="23"></a>"<A HREF = "../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_02/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_2928.htm">Van Inwagen (Peter) & Zimmerman (Dean) - Persons: Human and Divine</A>", Van Inwagen </li></ol></li><li>This is mostly a <a name="13"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_7/Notes_737.htm">place-holder</A><SUP>17</SUP>. </li></ul><BR><HR><BR><U><B>In-Page Footnotes</U></B><a name="On-Page_Link_P21678_2"></A><BR><BR><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P21678_2"><B>Footnote 2</A></B></U>: <ul type="disc"><li>This is the write-up as it was when this Abstract was last output, with text as at the timestamp indicated (07/03/2018 22:29:17). </li><li><A HREF = "../../Notes/Notes_11/Notes_1164.htm">Link to Latest Write-Up Note</A>. </li></ul><a name="On-Page_Link_P21678_3"></A><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P21678_3"><B>Footnote 3</A></B></U>: <ul type="disc"><li>A number of my philosophical Notes are  promissory notes currently only listing the books and papers (if any) I possess on the topic concerned. </li><li>I ve decided to add some text  whether by way of motivation, or something more substantive  for all these identified topics related to my Thesis.</li><li>As I want to do this fairly quickly, the text may be confused or show surprising ignorance. </li><li>The reader (if such exists) will have to bear with me, and display the principle of charity while this footnote exists. </li></ul><a name="On-Page_Link_P21678_15"></A><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P21678_15"><B>Footnote 15</A></B></U>: <ul type="disc"><li>Frequently I ll have made copious marginal annotations, and sometimes have written up a review-note. </li><li>In the former case, I intend to transfer the annotations into electronic form as soon as I can find the time. </li><li>In the latter case, I will have remarked on the fact against the citation, and will integrate the comments into this Note in due course. </li><li>My intention is to incorporate into these Notes comments on material I ve already read rather than engage with unread material at this stage. </li></ul><a name="On-Page_Link_P21678_16"></A><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P21678_16"><B>Footnote 16</A></B></U>: <ul type="disc"><li>I may have read others in between updates of this Note  in which case they will be marked as such in the  References and Reading List below.</li><li>Papers or Books partially read have a rough %age based on the time spent versus the time expected. </li></ul> <FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR></P><a name="ColourConventions"></a><p><b>Text Colour Conventions (see <A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1025.htm">disclaimer</a>)</b></p><OL TYPE="1"><LI><FONT COLOR = "0000FF">Blue</FONT>: Text by me; &copy; Theo Todman, 2018</li></OL> <BR><HR><BR><CENTER> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <TR><TD WIDTH="30%">&copy; Theo Todman, June 2007 - August 2018.</TD> <TD WIDTH="40%">Please address any comments on this page to <A HREF="mailto:theo@theotodman.com">theo@theotodman.com</A>.</TD> <TD WIDTH="30%">File output: <time datetime="2018-08-13T13:21" pubdate>13/08/2018 13:21:33</time> <br><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1010.htm">Website Maintenance Dashboard</A></TD></TR> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="#Top">Return to Top of this Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="40%"><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_11/Notes_1140.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Philosophy Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="../../index.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Home Page</A></TD> </TR></TABLE></CENTER><HR> </BODY> </HTML>