- This pseudo-Paper is intended as the mechanism to record time spent on the Note 'Non-Human Persons1' during my Thesis research, as from 2016.
- For the actual time recorded, click on "Paper Statistics" above.
Write-up2 (as at 07/03/2018 22:29:17): Non-Human Persons
- Other notes cover Persons4 and Human Persons5,
- Amongst philosophers, if not amongst the general populace, it is usually take for granted that there can be persons who are not human beings6. The usual candidates are:-
- The higher Non-human Animals7, especially the Great Apes,
- Androids8 (or appropriately-configured Robots),
- Cyborgs9, at least those with silicon10 (or other inorganic) brains11 (those with human brains will, naturally, be human persons.
- Computers – or computer programs – of appropriate structure and complexity.
- See also Transhumanism12.
- Angels and aliens are discussed in "Wiggins (David) - Reply to Snowdon (Persons and Personal Identity)" and the claim is that insofar as we can conceptualise them, they are animals13. So they aren’t counter-examples to the supposition that all persons are animals (though this doesn’t rule out non-human animals being persons).
- Wiggins also discusses robot-persons. If, in order to satisfy the conditions of personhood, these end up as molecule-by-molecule clones14 of animals, these are animals also.
- This Note will discuss whether these candidates can be persons, and what – if they can – this fact tells us about what persons are.
- In the process, it may be necessary to create Notes for those candidates that do not currently have them.
- Works on this topic that I’ve actually read15, include16 the following:-
- "Wiggins (David) - Reply to Snowdon (Persons and Personal Identity)"
- There is currently no categorised reading-list associated with this Note. A preliminary reading list would include:-
- "Francione (Gary) - Animals as Persons: Essays on the Abolition of Animal Exploitation", Francione
- "Fetzer (James) - The Evolution of Intelligence: Are Humans the Only Animals with Minds?", Fetzer
- "Hurley (Susan) & Nudds (Matthew) - Rational Animals?", Hurley&Nudds
- "Leiber (Justin) - Can Animals and Machines Be Persons? : A Dialogue", Leiber
- "Savage-Rumbaugh (E.Sue) & Lewin (Roger) - Kanzi: Ape at the Brink of the Human Mind", Savage-Rumbaugh
- "Kurzweil (Ray) - The Age of Spiritual Machines", Kurzweil
- "Puccetti (Roland) - Persons: A Study of Possible Moral Agents in the Universe", Puccetti
- "Van Inwagen (Peter) & Zimmerman (Dean) - Persons: Human and Divine", Van Inwagen
- This is mostly a place-holder17.
- This is the write-up as it was when this Abstract was last output, with text as at the timestamp indicated (07/03/2018 22:29:17).
- Link to Latest Write-Up Note.
- A number of my philosophical Notes are “promissory notes” currently only listing the books and papers (if any) I possess on the topic concerned.
- I’ve decided to add some text – whether by way of motivation, or something more substantive – for all these identified topics related to my Thesis.
- As I want to do this fairly quickly, the text may be confused or show surprising ignorance.
- The reader (if such exists) will have to bear with me, and display the principle of charity while this footnote exists.
- Frequently I’ll have made copious marginal annotations, and sometimes have written up a review-note.
- In the former case, I intend to transfer the annotations into electronic form as soon as I can find the time.
- In the latter case, I will have remarked on the fact against the citation, and will integrate the comments into this Note in due course.
- My intention is to incorporate into these Notes comments on material I’ve already read rather than engage with unread material at this stage.
- I may have read others in between updates of this Note – in which case they will be marked as such in the “References and Reading List” below.
- Papers or Books partially read have a rough %age based on the time spent versus the time expected.
Text Colour Conventions (see disclaimer)
- Blue: Text by me; © Theo Todman, 2019