<!DOCTYPE html><HTML lang="en"> <head><meta charset="utf-8"> <title>Diamond (James J.) - Abortion, Animation, and Biological Hominization (Theo Todman's Book Collection - Paper Abstracts) </title> <link href="../../TheosStyle.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"><link rel="shortcut icon" href="../../TT_ICO.png" /></head> <BODY> <CENTER> <div id="header"><HR><h1>Theo Todman's Web Page - Paper Abstracts</h1><HR></div><A name="Top"></A> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_21/PaperSummary_21986.htm">Abortion, Animation, and Biological Hominization</A></th></tr> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../Authors/D/Author_Diamond (James J.).htm">Diamond (James J.)</a></th></tr> <tr><th>Source: Theological Studies 1975 Jun;36(2):305-24.</th></tr> <tr><th>Paper - Abstract</th></tr> </TABLE> </CENTER> <P><CENTER><TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=800><tr><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_21/PaperSummary_21986.htm">Paper Summary</A></td><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_21/PaperCitings_21986.htm">Books / Papers Citing this Paper</A></td><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_21/PapersToNotes_21986.htm">Notes Citing this Paper</A></td><td><A HREF="#ColourConventions">Text Colour-Conventions</a></td></tr></TABLE></CENTER></P> <hr><P><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><U>Author s Introduction</U><FONT COLOR = "800080"><ol type="1"><li>With the discovery in 1827 of the human ovum, many scholars with an interest in pinpointing the beginning of human life considered the question closed. When the sperm fertilized the ovum, nothing further was to be considered. Later discoveries in genetics seemed to confirm this notion, but not to the point where any official statement by the magisterium indicated that <a name="1"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1012.htm">animation</A><SUP>1</SUP> occurred at fertilization. </li><li>The long debate over mediate vs. immediate <a name="2"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1012.htm">animation</A><SUP>2</SUP> is too well known to be recounted here, except for the remark that not even the welter of biological facts discerned since 1827 has brought rational psychologists any closer to a certain identification of the precise time of ensoulment. Speculations on a time of <a name="3"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1012.htm">animation</A><SUP>3</SUP> have, from several viewpoints, little applicability to the recent events which have caused a reopening of the question: when does an individual homo begin? </li><li>Western law identified abortion as a crime against the person, as contrasted with crimes against the king or the state. The begotten but unborn child was identified as a person, first from "when a woman is large with child," then from "quickening," and finally laws were written against abortion at any time. Potional, physical, and surgical attempts upon the life of the unborn were variously punished, occasionally allowed to go without prosecution because of evidentiary problems, occasionally minimally punished, and occasionally punished with the severity meted for murder. The wide disparity of penalties, prosecutions, laws, and practices was quite similar to the disparities seen in cases of infanticide of already born children. </li><li>It is easy to suggest, but difficult to prove, the reason behind this disparity, and the best explanation may lie in a conjecture that by some sort of distillation or titration man tends to carry out the proportionate valuations cited in Leviticus 27:1-7, i.e., men are worth more than women, adults more than the young, and those in their prime more than the elderly. </li><li>This disproportionate valuation of human beings achieved official jurisprudential recognition in the United States in the Roe v. Wade decision of January 22, 1973. Unborn children are not accorded full constitutional protection as "persons" until they are born, and may be slain for virtually any reason or no reason at all. </li></ol></FONT><hr><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><B>Comment: </B><BR><BR>See <a name="W3782W"></a><A HREF = "http://cdn.theologicalstudies.net/36/36.2/36.2.5.pdf" TARGET = "_top">Link</A>.<BR><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR></P><a name="ColourConventions"></a><p><b>Text Colour Conventions (see <A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1025.htm">disclaimer</a>)</b></p><OL TYPE="1"><LI><FONT COLOR = "0000FF">Blue</FONT>: Text by me; &copy; Theo Todman, 2018</li><LI><FONT COLOR = "800080">Mauve</FONT>: Text by correspondent(s) or other author(s); &copy; the author(s)</li></OL> <BR><HR><BR><CENTER> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <TR><TD WIDTH="30%">&copy; Theo Todman, June 2007 - August 2018.</TD> <TD WIDTH="40%">Please address any comments on this page to <A HREF="mailto:theo@theotodman.com">theo@theotodman.com</A>.</TD> <TD WIDTH="30%">File output: <time datetime="2018-08-02T09:45" pubdate>02/08/2018 09:45:32</time> <br><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1010.htm">Website Maintenance Dashboard</A></TD></TR> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="#Top">Return to Top of this Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="40%"><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_11/Notes_1140.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Philosophy Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="../../index.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Home Page</A></TD> </TR></TABLE></CENTER><HR> </BODY> </HTML>