Does Four-Dimensionalism Explain Coincidence?
Moyer (Mark)
Source: Australasian Journal of Philosophy, June 2009 (vol. 87, issue 3, pp. 479-488)
Paper - Abstract

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Author’s Abstract

  1. For those who think the statue1 and the piece of copper that compose it are distinct objects that coincide, there is a burden of explanation. After all, common sense says that different ordinary objects cannot occupy the same space at the same time.
  2. A common argument in favor of four-dimensionalism (or ‘perdurantism’2 or ‘temporal parts theory’) is that it provides the resources for a superior explanation of this coincidence.
  3. This, however, is mistaken. Any explanatory work done by the four-dimensionalist notion of absolute parthood rests ultimately on notions equally available to the three-dimensionalist. Thus, a neutral explanation of coincidence is at least as good while avoiding commitment to temporal parts.

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