<!DOCTYPE html><HTML lang="en"> <head><meta charset="utf-8"> <title>Todman (Theo) - Thesis - Chimera (Theo Todman's Book Collection - Paper Abstracts) </title> <link href="../../TheosStyle.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"><link rel="shortcut icon" href="../../TT_ICO.png" /></head> <BODY> <CENTER> <div id="header"><HR><h1>Theo Todman's Web Page - Paper Abstracts</h1><HR></div><A name="Top"></A> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_22/PaperSummary_22212.htm">Thesis - Chimera</A></th></tr> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../Authors/T/Author_Todman (Theo).htm">Todman (Theo)</a></th></tr> <tr><th>Source: </th></tr> <tr><th>Paper - Abstract</th></tr> </TABLE> </CENTER> <P><CENTER><TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=400><tr><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_22/PaperSummary_22212.htm">Paper Summary</A></td><td><A HREF = "../../Notes/Notes_11/Notes_1176.htm">Link to Latest Write-Up Note</A></td></tr></TABLE></CENTER></P> <hr><P><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><ul type="disc"><li>This pseudo-Paper is intended as the mechanism to record time spent on the Note '<a name="1"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_11/Notes_1176.htm">Chimera</A><SUP>1</SUP>' during my Thesis research, as from 2017. </li><li>For the actual time recorded, click on "Paper Summary" above. </li></ul><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><hr><br><B><u><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P22212_2">Write-up</A></U><SUB>2</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P22212_2"></A></u> (as at 17/03/2018 00:23:02): Chimera</B><BR><br><u><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P22212_3">Plug Note</A></U><SUB>3</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P22212_3"></A></u><ul type="disc"><li> Chimeras are animals  or maybe <U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P22212_4">humanoids</A></U><SUB>4</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P22212_4"></A>  made up of parts of animals from different species. </li><li>They were originally mythical beasts (<a name="W3991W"></a><A HREF = "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chimera_(mythology)" TARGET = "_top">Link</A>), improbable amalgams of lion, goat and snake, though mules (<a name="W3992W"></a><A HREF = "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mule" TARGET = "_top">Link</A>, the off-spring of a male donkey and a female horse) are chimeras as the parents are of different species with different numbers of chromosomes.</li><li>My only reference for this topic was originally <a name="7"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_22/Abstract_22211.htm">Savulescu (Julian) - Should a human-pig chimera be treated as a person?</A>". This brief paper focuses on the ethics of using (future) pig-human chimeras as sources of (human) transplant-organs or neural matter. </li><li>The paper s rhetorical question is rather ludicrous as there would never be any <U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P22212_5">intention</A></U><SUB>5</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P22212_5"></A> of engineering pigs with the attributes needed to qualify as a person, nor the need to do so even in the case of neural tissue (which would remain in the <U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P22212_6">petri-dish</A></U><SUB>6</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P22212_6"></A>). </li><li>Whether such a beast  whether hybridised with a human or not  were to qualify as a <a name="2"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_9.htm">person</A><SUP>7</SUP> ought to be based on its cognitive capacities and not merely on its chromosomes. </li><li>It is possible that this topic might relate to <a name="3"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_9/Notes_939.htm">transhumanism</A><SUP>8</SUP>. Rather than adding small quantities of human to pig, we might add quantities of animal to human. This would be the case in organ transplants  where an essentially normal organ is transplanted  but it might be the case that augmentative strategies could be adopted whereby humans are enhanced with bodily features (or, say, the physiological infrastructure) of animals, much as in the case of <a name="4"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_0/Notes_66.htm">cyborgs</A><SUP>9</SUP>, but with organic rather than inorganic parts. </li><li>Works on this topic that <U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P22212_10">I ve actually read</A></U><SUB>10</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P22212_10"></A>, <U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P22212_11">include</A></U><SUB>11</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P22212_11"></A> the following:- <ol type="i"><li><a name="8"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_22/Abstract_22776.htm">Crabb (Jon) - Monster mash</A>", <U><A HREF="#On-Page_Link_P22212_12">Crabbe</A></U><SUB>12</SUB><a name="On-Page_Return_P22212_12"></A></li><li><a name="9"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_22/Abstract_22211.htm">Savulescu (Julian) - Should a human-pig chimera be treated as a person?</A>", Savulescu</li></ol></li><li>There is currently, not much of a categorised reading-list for this topic. A reading list (where not covered elsewhere) might start with the items below, and I ll pursue references from the Stanford paper if necessary:- <ol type="i"><li><a name="10"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_23/Abstract_23300.htm">Rowland (Katherine) - We are multitudes</A>", Rowland</li><li><a name="11"></a>"<A HREF = "../../Abstracts/Abstract_23/Abstract_23313.htm">Streiffer (Robert) - Human/Non-Human Chimeras</A>", Streiffer</li></ol></li><li>This is mostly a <a name="5"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_7/Notes_737.htm">place-holder</A><SUP>13</SUP>. </li></ul><BR><HR><BR><U><B>In-Page Footnotes</U></B><a name="On-Page_Link_P22212_2"></A><BR><BR><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P22212_2"><B>Footnote 2</A></B></U>: <ul type="disc"><li>This is the write-up as it was when this Abstract was last output, with text as at the timestamp indicated (17/03/2018 00:23:02). </li><li><A HREF = "../../Notes/Notes_11/Notes_1176.htm">Link to Latest Write-Up Note</A>. </li></ul><a name="On-Page_Link_P22212_3"></A><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P22212_3"><B>Footnote 3</A></B></U>: <ul type="disc"><li>A number of my philosophical Notes are  promissory notes currently only listing the books and papers (if any) I possess on the topic concerned. </li><li>I ve decided to add some text  whether by way of motivation, or something more substantive  for all these identified topics related to my Thesis.</li><li>As I want to do this fairly quickly, the text may be confused or show surprising ignorance. </li><li>The reader (if such exists) will have to bear with me, and display the principle of charity while this footnote exists. </li></ul><a name="On-Page_Link_P22212_4"></A><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P22212_4"><B>Footnote 4</A></B></U>: <ul type="disc"><li>The mythical centaur is an example. </li></ul> <a name="On-Page_Link_P22212_5"></A><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P22212_5"><B>Footnote 5</A></B></U>: <ul type="disc"><li>Admittedly, <a name="12"></a>"<A HREF = "../../BookSummaries/BookSummary_01/BookPaperAbstracts/BookPaperAbstracts_1611.htm">Ishiguro (Kazuo) - Never Let Me Go</A>" considers the cloning of human beings so their organs can be harvested, but this is presumably because it is deemed to be the technologically simplest solution. </li></ul><a name="On-Page_Link_P22212_6"></A><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P22212_6"><B>Footnote 6</A></B></U>: <ul type="disc"><li>I m admittedly unclear about this. </li><li>But the idea of developing neural <u>structures</u> within a pig-human chimera and transplanting these structures into a human head is as far-fetched as <a name="6"></a><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_7/Notes_763.htm">brain transplants</a>, so can be ignored for now. </li></ul><a name="On-Page_Link_P22212_10"></A><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P22212_10"><B>Footnote 10</A></B></U>: <ul type="disc"><li>Frequently I ll have made copious marginal annotations, and sometimes have written up a review-note. </li><li>In the former case, I intend to transfer the annotations into electronic form as soon as I can find the time. </li><li>In the latter case, I will have remarked on the fact against the citation, and will integrate the comments into this Note in due course. </li><li>My intention is to incorporate into these Notes comments on material I ve already read rather than engage with unread material at this stage. </li></ul><a name="On-Page_Link_P22212_11"></A><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P22212_11"><B>Footnote 11</A></B></U>: <ul type="disc"><li>I may have read others in between updates of this Note  in which case they will be marked as such in the  References and Reading List below.</li><li>Papers or Books partially read have a rough %age based on the time spent versus the time expected. </li></ul> <a name="On-Page_Link_P22212_12"></A><U><A HREF="#On-Page_Return_P22212_12"><B>Footnote 12</A></B></U>: <ul type="disc"><li>Some vaguely interesting historical background. </li></ul> <FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR></P><a name="ColourConventions"></a><p><b>Text Colour Conventions (see <A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1025.htm">disclaimer</a>)</b></p><OL TYPE="1"><LI><FONT COLOR = "0000FF">Blue</FONT>: Text by me; &copy; Theo Todman, 2018</li></OL> <BR><HR><BR><CENTER> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <TR><TD WIDTH="30%">&copy; Theo Todman, June 2007 - August 2018.</TD> <TD WIDTH="40%">Please address any comments on this page to <A HREF="mailto:theo@theotodman.com">theo@theotodman.com</A>.</TD> <TD WIDTH="30%">File output: <time datetime="2018-08-17T12:08" pubdate>17/08/2018 12:08:18</time> <br><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1010.htm">Website Maintenance Dashboard</A></TD></TR> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="#Top">Return to Top of this Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="40%"><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_11/Notes_1140.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Philosophy Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="../../index.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Home Page</A></TD> </TR></TABLE></CENTER><HR> </BODY> </HTML>