- This pseudo-Paper is intended as the mechanism to record time spent on the Note 'Computers1' during my Thesis research, as from 2017.
- For the actual time recorded, click on "Paper Statistics" above.
Write-up2 (as at 17/08/2018 17:35:31): Computers
- This Note is restricted to the role Computers play in the philosophy of Mind and Personal Identity. While I am an animalist4, the mind5 and brain6 are important topics in alternative accounts – in particular the Psychological View7 and the Constitution View8.
- The “Computer Model” of the mind seems to be the dominant paradigm in neuroscience. This is the view that the brain operates like a digital computer. This is disputed by (eg.) "Epstein (Robert) - The empty brain".
- There’s a cross-over in much of the above topic with Functionalism9.
- Where this gets exciting is in the Transhumanist10 hope of uploading (you11, or your mind) to a computer. This will be dealt with under the head of Uploading12.
- A related issue – also currently noted under Transhumanism – is whether we are (most probably) living in a computer simulations, whether or not we might have been uploaded there.
- Also, there’s the whole question of Artificial Intelligence13, and in particular whether computers – or maybe even computer programs – might ever become persons14.
- This topic might get caught up in the “Connectionism15” debate, and whether connectionism – which seeks to adopt the neural connectionist architecture of the brain – can account for the “systematicity of cognition16”. I don’t want to stray too far down this interesting path.
- For a page of Links17 to this Note, Click here. Unfortunately, there are so many links that I’ve not been able to make use of them as yet.
- Works on this topic that I’ve actually read18, include19 the following:-
- "Ball (Philip) - We might live in a computer program, but it may not matter", Ball
- "Bostrom (Nick) - Are You Living in a Computer Simulation?", Bostrom
- "Bostrom (Nick) - How Long Before Superintelligence?", Bostrom
- "Christian (Brian) - The Most Human Human: A Defence of Humanity in the Age of the Computer", Christian
- "Dainton (Barry) - Self: Philosophy In Transit: Prologue", Dainton
- "Dennett (Daniel) - Where Am I?", Dennett20
- "Epstein (Robert) - The empty brain", Epstein
- "Graziano (Michael) - Endless fun", Graziano
- "Lavelle (Suilin) - Minds, Brains and Computers", Lavelle
- "MacKay (Donald) - Computer Software and Life After Death", MacKay
- "Maxwell (Grover) - Intentionality: Hardware, not software", Maxwell
- "Price (Huw), Cave (Stephen), Iida (Fumiya), Etc. - Preparing for the future: artificial intelligence and us: Part 1", Price Etc
- "Price (Huw), Cave (Stephen), Iida (Fumiya), Etc. - Preparing for the future: artificial intelligence and us: Part 2", Price Etc
- "Searle (John) - Minds, Brains and Science: The 1984 Reith Lectures", Searle
- "Searle (John) - Minds, Brains, and Programs", Searle
- "Snowdon (Paul) - Philosophy and the Mind/Body Problem", Snowdon
- "Shipley (G.J.) - Review of Andy Clark's 'Natural-Born Cyborgs'", Shipley
- "Wilkes (Kathleen) - Models of Mind", Wilkes
- "Zimmerman (Dean) - Bodily Resurrection: The Falling Elevator Model Revisited", Zimmerman
- There is currently no categorised reading-list for this topic. A reading list (where not covered elsewhere) might start with21:-
- "Baker (Lynne Rudder) - Why Computers Can't Act", Baker
- "Barberousse (Anouk), Francescelli (Sara) & Imbert (Cyrille) - Computer Simulations as Experiments", Barberousse
- "Barbour (Ian) - Neuroscience, Artificial Intelligence, and Human Nature: Theological and Philosophical Reflections", Barbour
- "Block (Ned) - The Mind as the Software of the Brain", Block22
- "Brennan (Andrew) - Survival", Brennan
- "Bynum (Terrell Ward) - Two Philosophers of the Information Age", Bynum
- "Campbell (Scott) - Persons and Substances", Campbell
- "Churchland (Paul) & Churchland (Patricia) - Could a Machine Think?", Churchland
- "Cole (David) - Artificial Intelligence and Personal Identity", Cole
- "Dennett (Daniel) - Artifactual Selves: a Response to Lynne Rudder Baker", Dennett
- "Dennett (Daniel) - When Hal Kills, Who's to Blame? Computer Ethics", Dennett
- "Dennett (Daniel) - Why You Can't Make a Computer that Feels Pain", Dennett
- "Fetzer (James) - Computers and Cognition", Fetzer
- "Frigg (Roman) & Reiss (Julian) - The Philosophy of Simulation: Hot New Issues or Same Old Stew?", Frigg23
- "Gelernter (David) - The Muse in the Machine - Computers and Creative Thought", Gelernter24
- "Goertzel (Ben) - Artificial General Intelligence and the Future of Humanity", Goertzel
- "Graham (George) - Mind and Belief in Computers", Graham
- "Hauser (Larry) - Artificial Intelligence", Hauser
- "Hofstadter (Douglas) - Who Shoves Whom around inside the Careenium? Or What Is the Meaning of the Word 'I'?", Hofstadter
- "Kaess (Genevieve) - Could Consciousness Emerge from a Machine Language?", Kaess
- "Kim (Jaegwon) - Mind as a Computer: Machine Functionalism", Kim
- "Leiber (Justin) - Can Animals and Machines Be Persons? : Introduction, Setting, Notes & Reading List", Leiber
- "Nagel (Thomas) - Searle: Why We Are Not Computers", Nagel
- "Olson (Eric) - Computer-Generated Life", Olson
- "Parker (Wendy) - Does Matter Really Matter? Computer Simulations, Experiments, and Materiality", Parker25
- "Pollock (John L.) - How to Build a Person: A Prolegomenon", Pollock
- "Pollock (John L.) - What Am I? Virtual Machines and the Mind/Body Problem", Pollock
- "Sandberg (Anders) & Bostrom (Nick) - Whole Brain Emulation: A Roadmap", Sandberg
- "Searle (John) - Can Computers Think?", Searle26
- "Searle (John) - Is the Brain's Mind a Computer Program?", Searle27
- "Searle (John) - ‘I Married a Computer’: An Exchange (between Ray Kurzweil and John Searle)", Searle
- "Searle (John) - The Rediscovery of the Mind", Searle
- "Simons (Geoff) - Are Computers Alive? Evolution and New Life Forms", Simons
- "Steele (Guy L.) - Comments on Hofstadter's 'Who Shoves Whom around inside the Careenium?'", Steele
- "Wilensky (Robert) - Computers, cognition and philosophy", Wilensky
- This is mostly a place-holder28.
- This is the write-up as it was when this Abstract was last output, with text as at the timestamp indicated (17/08/2018 17:35:31).
- Link to Latest Write-Up Note.
Footnote 13: I can’t get into this in any detail.
- A number of my philosophical Notes are “promissory notes” currently only listing the books and papers (if any) I possess on the topic concerned.
- I’ve decided to add some text – whether by way of motivation, or something more substantive – for all these identified topics related to my Thesis.
- As I want to do this fairly quickly, the text may be confused or show surprising ignorance.
- The reader (if such exists) will have to bear with me, and display the principle of charity while this footnote exists.
Footnote 15: Footnote 16: Footnote 17:
- If only a “non-updating” run has been made, the links are only one-way – ie. from the page of links to the objects that reference this Note by mentioning the appropriate key-word(s). The links are also only indicative, as they haven’t yet been confirmed as relevant.
- Once an updating run has been made, links are both ways, and links from this Notes page (from the “Authors, Books & Papers Citing this Note” and “Summary of Note Links to this Page” sections) are to the “point of link” within the page rather than to the page generically. Links from the “links page” remain generic.
- There are two sorts of updating runs – for Notes and other Objects. The reason for this is that Notes are archived, and too many archived versions would be created if this process were repeatedly run.
- Frequently I’ll have made copious marginal annotations, and sometimes have written up a review-note.
- In the former case, I intend to transfer the annotations into electronic form as soon as I can find the time.
- In the latter case, I will have remarked on the fact against the citation, and will integrate the comments into this Note in due course.
- My intention is to incorporate into these Notes comments on material I’ve already read rather than engage with unread material at this stage.
Footnote 20: Footnote 21:
- I may have read others in between updates of this Note – in which case they will be marked as such in the “References and Reading List” below.
- Papers or Books partially read have a rough %age based on the time spent versus the time expected.
Footnote 22: Footnote 23:
- The list is rather long, and will need pruning when I get down to this topic.
Footnote 24: Footnote 25:
- This paper no doubt considers the use of computers for simulating situations other than minds, so might not be directly relevant.
Footnote 26: Footnote 27: See also "Searle (John) - Is the Brain's Mind a Computer Program? MIT Comments".
- This seems somewhat tangential, as it’s not focused on simulating persons, but it might be useful background.
Text Colour Conventions (see disclaimer)
- Blue: Text by me; © Theo Todman, 2019