Marcus, Kripke, and Names
Burgess (John P.)
Source: Philosophical Studies: Vol. 84, No. 1 (Oct., 1996), pp. 1-47
Paper - Abstract

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Author’s Introduction

  1. Ruth Barcan Marcus, in several incidental passages in her later published writings, seems to imply a claim, which has subsequently been stated more explicitly by others, and given very wide publicity, that certain remarks on names in her colloquium talk "Marcus (Ruth Barcan) - Modalities and Intensional Languages" anticipate in an important but unacknowledged way Saul Kripke's discussion of names in his lecture series "Kripke (Saul) - Naming and Necessity". My aim in the present study is to assess the textual evidence bearing on such claims.
  2. Marcus' talk was presented early in 1962 at a legendary session of the Boston Colloquium for the Philosophy of Science, and was followed by a commentary by W. V. Quine1, and a discussion2 between the two speakers and some members of their audience, mainly Kripke and Dagfinn Follesdal. Even though this was not a pre-arranged panel discussion - Kripke's opinion was invited by Quine on the spot, not in advance - it was recorded. All three components of the symposium were published in the journal Synthese, the talk and commentary in an issue bearing the date 1961 - apparently a spurious date, since according to Quine (1985, p. 35) the publication was subsequent to the colloquium - and an edited transcript of the discussion in an issue bearing the date 1962. Talk, commentary, and discussion were also published together in the official colloquium proceedings volume Wartofsky (1963), whose pagination I will use in giving quotations.
  3. A partial account of Kripke's then-unpublished views on naming was given in the latter part of Kaplan (1969). Kripke's famous public lectures were given in early 1970, and a virtually verbatim transcript with some further footnotes and a section of addenda somewhat belatedly published in Davidson and Harman (1972). A partial version of the same material had in the meantime appeared in Munitz (1971). The reprinting in "Kripke (Saul) - Naming and Necessity" contains a substantial new preface.


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