<!DOCTYPE html><HTML lang="en"> <head><meta charset="utf-8"> <title>Lebens (Samuel) & Goldschmidt (Tyron) - The Promise of a New Past (Theo Todman's Book Collection - Paper Abstracts) </title> <link href="../../TheosStyle.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"><link rel="shortcut icon" href="../../TT_ICO.png" /></head> <BODY> <CENTER> <div id="header"><HR><h1>Theo Todman's Web Page - Paper Abstracts</h1><HR></div><A name="Top"></A> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_22/PaperSummary_22647.htm">The Promise of a New Past</A></th></tr> <tr><th><A HREF = "../../Authors/L/Author_Lebens (Samuel).htm">Lebens (Samuel)</a> & <A HREF = "../../Authors/G/Author_Goldschmidt (Tyron).htm">Goldschmidt (Tyron)</a></th></tr> <tr><th>Source: Philosophers' Imprint, Vol. 17, No. 18, August 2017, pp. 1-25</th></tr> <tr><th>Paper - Abstract</th></tr> </TABLE> </CENTER> <P><CENTER><TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=600><tr><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_22/PaperSummary_22647.htm">Paper Summary</A></td><td><A HREF = "../../PaperSummaries/PaperSummary_22/PapersToNotes_22647.htm">Notes Citing this Paper</A></td><td><A HREF="#ColourConventions">Text Colour-Conventions</a></td></tr></TABLE></CENTER></P> <hr><P><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><u>Author s Abstract</u><FONT COLOR = "800080"><ol type="1"><li>If God found this paper offensive, would it now be too late for him to make it such that it was never written? Can God change the past? If he could, would he? </li><li>Our treatment of these questions is based upon two Jewish traditions. <ol type="i"><li>On some ways of working them out, God will one day change the past by eliminating evil from it. This makes for a new kind of response to the problem of evil: the Divine Proofreader Theory. </li><li>On other ways of working the traditions out, the past evil isn t eliminated, but personal responsibility for certain sins is removed from the sinner. This makes for a new theory of atonement: the Agent Substitution Theory. </ol></li><li>Plan:-<ul type="disc"><li>In 1, we outline the two traditions. </li><li>In 2 5, we explore theories of time in order to accommodate the traditions. </li><li>In 6, we respond to a number of objections. </li><li>In 7, we draw a distinction that helps us address why God might want to change the past. </li><li>In 8 we use that distinction to frame the Agent Substitution Theory. </li><li>In 9 we present the Divine Proofreader Theory. Our metaphysics of time makes the case that God can change the past, while our Divine Proofreader and Agent Substitution Theories explain why God might want to. </li><li>In 10, we respond to some objections. </li></ul> </li></ol></FONT><hr><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><B>Comment: </B><BR><BR>See <a name="W4452W"></a><A HREF = "https://quod.lib.umich.edu/p/phimp/3521354.0017.018/1" TARGET = "_top">Link</A>.<BR><FONT COLOR = "0000FF"><HR></P><a name="ColourConventions"></a><p><b>Text Colour Conventions (see <A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1025.htm">disclaimer</a>)</b></p><OL TYPE="1"><LI><FONT COLOR = "0000FF">Blue</FONT>: Text by me; &copy; Theo Todman, 2018</li><LI><FONT COLOR = "800080">Mauve</FONT>: Text by correspondent(s) or other author(s); &copy; the author(s)</li></OL> <BR><HR><BR><CENTER> <TABLE class = "Bridge" WIDTH=950> <TR><TD WIDTH="30%">&copy; Theo Todman, June 2007 - August 2018.</TD> <TD WIDTH="40%">Please address any comments on this page to <A HREF="mailto:theo@theotodman.com">theo@theotodman.com</A>.</TD> <TD WIDTH="30%">File output: <time datetime="2018-08-02T09:56" pubdate>02/08/2018 09:56:06</time> <br><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_10/Notes_1010.htm">Website Maintenance Dashboard</A></TD></TR> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="#Top">Return to Top of this Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="40%"><A HREF="../../Notes/Notes_11/Notes_1140.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Philosophy Page</A></TD> <TD WIDTH="30%"><A HREF="../../index.htm">Return to Theo Todman's Home Page</A></TD> </TR></TABLE></CENTER><HR> </BODY> </HTML>