- Gender-based violence, stigma and discrimination, involvement in sex work, and pregnancy1 and women with children are all factors that harm-reduction or treatment programmes need to be speciﬁcally designed to address. Eﬀective measures should include welcoming environments, women-only hours, childcare, mobile outreach units, legal literacy, and sexual and reproductive health services, as well as preventative education on intimate partner violence and sexual assault. Most of all, decriminalisation of personal possession should be implemented.
- As human-rights advocates, we believe in self-determination and empowerment approaches for the most vulnerable populations. e joint United Nations programme on HIV/AIDS notes that people who inject drugs know better than any of us about their experiences and what works best for them. Women who use drugs or have used drugs should be involved in policy reforms, including development, implementation and evaluation. is meaningful participation in policy and programming by women can decrease harms of drug policies, promote empowerment, and improve public health.
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